The municipality is situated 26 km (16 mi) east of Berlin centre and includes the three districts Hennickendorf, Herzfelde and Lichtenow. Rüdersdorf is noted for its limestone-open-pit mining. Some parts of the mine are used as a museum (Museumspark Rüdersdorf). Some notable buildings in Berlin such as the Brandenburg Gate are built with limestone from Rüdersdorf.
Development of Population since 1875 within the Current Boundaries (Blue Line: Population; Dotted Line: Comparison to Population Development of Brandenburg state; Grey Background: Time of Nazi rule; Red Background: Time of Communist rule)
Recent Population Development (Blue Line) and Forecasts
Rüdersdorf bei Berlin:
Population development within the current boundaries (2013)
The coat of arms of Gemeinde Rüdersdorf bei Berlin shows a rooted green lime tree with two red shields on its side. The shield towards the left of the trunk shows the silver hammer and pick as a symbol for the limestone quarrying: An industry which has shaped this municipality and is still present to this day. On the right side of the trunk, the shield symbolizes a silver turnip which represents the local agriculture. Both industries have been implanted back in the 13th century by the monks of the Zinna Abbey.