Ruins of Rüeggisberg Priory Church
|Mother house||Cluny Abbey|
|Controlled churches||Priory Church of Sts. Peter and Paul|
|Founder(s)||Lütold of Rümligen|
|Heritage designation||Swiss Inventory of Cultural Property of National and Regional Significance|
|Location||Rüeggisberg, Bern, Switzerland|
|Visible remains||North transept and the crossing tower|
The Priory was founded between 1072 and 1076 by Lütold of Rümligen. He granted the property and estates to Cluny Abbey making it the first Cluniac house in the German-speaking world. Under Cuno of Siegburg and Ulrich of Zell the first cells were built. Construction of the Romanesque church lasted from about 1100 to about 1185, of which there still remain the north transept and parts of the crossing tower. The Priory was dependent on Cluny Abbey and normally had a prior and two to four monks from Cluny. In 1148, it had two priories that were dependent on Rüeggisberg, in Röthenbach im Emmental and Alterswil.
At its peak the priory controlled estates throughout what is now the Canton of Bern, including Guggisberg, Alterswil, Plaffeien and Schwarzenburg as well as scattered farm houses and vineyards on the shores of Lake Biel.
The priory was one of the most important monastic houses of Switzerland during the Middle Ages, but in the late medieval period decline set in, and in 1484 it was incorporated into the newly built college of the Augustinian Canons of Bern Minster. By 1532, when much of the town was destroyed in a fire, the Priory was abandoned. The church was shut down in 1541 during the Reformation. The monastic buildings thereafter served as a source of building stone and partly as a barn.
Between 1938 and 1947 on an archaeological dig the old foundations were again laid bare, as may be seen in the little museum next to the rectory.
The ruins are generally open to the public, though they may be reserved for picnics or other gatherings. Each November an advent market is held in the ruins and over the years a variety of open air plays and concerts have been held here. Between Easter and September, church services are held monthly in the ruins.
- "Ruine des ehem. Cluniazenserpriorats" (PDF). GSK: Kunstführer durch die Schweiz. Bern (in German). Gesellschaft für Schweizerische Kunstgeschichte GSK. Retrieved October 30, 2012.
- Rüeggisberg in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- Rüeggisberg Parish Website (German) accessed 30 October 2012
- Flüeler (1982). Kulturführer Schweiz. Zurich, CH: Ex Libris Verlag AG. p. 307.
- Rüeggisberg official website (German) accessed 30 October 2012
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