Rügen narrow-gauge railway
|Line number:||6982, 6775 (partly)|
|Line length:||24.1 km (15 mi)|
|Track gauge:||750 mm (2 ft 5 1⁄2 in)|
Locomotive of the Rasenden Roland
The Rügen narrow-gauge railway (German: Rügensche Bäderbahn, formerly Rügensche Kleinbahn) – nicknamed Rasender Roland ("Rushing Roland") – is the steam-powered narrow gauge railway that runs from Putbus by way of Binz, Sellin and Baabe to Göhren on the island of Rügen off the Baltic Coast in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany. Since 2008, it has been run by the Eisenbahn-Bau- und Betriebsgesellschaft Pressnitztalbahn mbH. There is an interchange with the island's Deutsche Bahn mainline network via the Veolia-run OLA railways. The Rasender Roland is one of the island's main attractions. It serves several holiday destinations, mainly the bathing resorts in Rügen's southeast.
The railway runs regularly along a stretch of 24.1 km (15.0 mi) of track with historic steam locomotives and coaches, some of which are almost a hundred years old. Unlike the Deutsche Bahn national system which uses 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge, Rasender Roland uses the narrow gauge of 750 mm (2 ft 5 1⁄2 in). The maximum speed is 30 kilometres per hour (19 mph).
The first stretch of the line that was opened, running from Putbus to Binz and still in service today, began operations on 22 July 1895. The operator, Rügensche Kleinbahn-Aktiengesellschaft (RüKB), had extended its network to 104.82 km by 21 December 1896. One part went from Altefähr railway station, opposite Stralsund, by way of Putbus to Göhren. The other part led from Altenkirchen, near Cape Arkona, by way of the Wittow Ferry to Bergen; however, the ferry there that joined two stretches of line on separate lobes of Rügen normally only carried goods wagons, and passengers had to transfer on foot. The bulk of the lines were abandoned on 3 December 1967, on 10 September 1968 and on 20 January 1970.
Shortly after the outbreak of the Second World War, in 1940, the Pommersche Landesbahnen (Pomeranian State Railways) also took over the Rügensche Kleinbahn-Aktiengesellschaft. From 1949, Rasender Roland belonged to the East German state railway, and on 1 January 1996 it came under the care of the newly founded Rügensche Kleinbahn GmbH & Co. In early 2008 the railway became a subsidiary of Pressnitztalbahn Gmbh, and its trading name was changed to Rügensche BäderBahn.
To begin with, four-coupled steam locomotives of Lenz Class n and Lenz Class m were deployed; later they were joined by six-coupled locos of Lenz Class o and eight-coupled engines of Lenz Class nn and Class Mh. A Prussian T 36 also came to Rügen.
After the Deutsche Reichsbahn took over the line, locomotives from other railways appeared, most for just a short period. These included DR classes 99.451, 99.453, 99.464, 99.465 and 99.480, but especially the Class 99.51–60, the Saxon IV K. From the 1980s there were also newly designed locomotives (Neubauloks) of Class 99.77–79. The latter is still used today, alongside Class M and 99.480 locomotives. Today there are also various privately owned steam engines underway on the line. Since 1965 there have also been diesel locomotives, primarily for shunting duties. Initially two former military (Heeresfeldbahn) Köfs, of which one is still around. Since 1998 the former DB locomotive no. V 51 901 has also operated on Rügen.
On the Rügen narrow gauge network Görlitz counterweight brakes were used to start with. In 1965 they began to be replaced by compressed air brakes. In contrast to many other narrow gauge routes, the pipe couplings were arranged symmetrically on the vehicles. Because the original engines did not have any heating pipe couplings, the passenger coaches had to be equipped with stoves. Even the coaches that replaced them in the 1960s from Saxon railways were retrofitted with stoves. From the outset until today, buffer and chain couplers (de:Balancierhebelkupplung) have been used. Transporter wagons (Rollwagen) have never been employed.
From 21 March 2008 train services on 21 March 2008 were carried out with diesel locomotive 199 008-4 from the Pressnitztalbahn, no. 99 773 from the SDG and steam loco 99 787 from the Saxon Oberlausitz Railway Company. Luggage vans and coaches were hired from the SDG and SOEG. After operations with the hired vehicles at the start of the winter timetable 2008/09 had finished, the vehicles were returned to Saxony shortly thereafter.
On 14 August 2005, there was an accident at Binz station due to a wrongly set turnout which resulted in one train striking another waiting train. According to the police, 30 people were injured in the mishap.
The North German duo De Plattfööt sing in their cheerful song "Up'n rasenden Roland", which appeared in 1985 on the AMIGA LP "Songs ut Meckelbörg", about the Rügensche Kleinbahn in Low German. Another of their songs - "De Isenbahnboomupundaldreier" - is about a railway crossing guard's everyday life.
- "Rügensche BäderBahn - "Rasender Roland" (company homepage)". Retrieved 2009-08-24.
- Hormann, Werner (1991). "Zur historisch-geographischen Bedutung der vorpommerschen Klein- und Sekundärbahnen". In Zobel, Hans-Jürgen. Pommern. Geschichte, Kultur, Wissenschaft. 1. Kolloquium zur Pommerschen Geschichte 13. bis 15. November 1990. (in German). University of Greifswald. p. 174. ISBN 3-86006-038-4.
- Press release from PRESS
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