Rünenberg

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Rünenberg
Ruenenberg 188.JPG
Coat of arms of Rünenberg
Coat of arms
Rünenberg is located in Switzerland
Rünenberg
Rünenberg
Rünenberg is located in Canton of Basel-Landschaft
Rünenberg
Rünenberg
Coordinates: 47°26′N 7°53′E / 47.433°N 7.883°E / 47.433; 7.883Coordinates: 47°26′N 7°53′E / 47.433°N 7.883°E / 47.433; 7.883
Country Switzerland
Canton Basel-Landschaft
District Sissach
Area[1]
 • Total 4.98 km2 (1.92 sq mi)
Elevation 595 m (1,952 ft)
Population (Mar 2016[2])
 • Total 784
 • Density 160/km2 (410/sq mi)
Postal code 4497
SFOS number 2860
Surrounded by Gelterkinden, Häfelfingen, Kilchberg, Rümlingen, Tecknau, Zeglingen
Website www.ruenenberg.ch
SFSO statistics

Rünenberg is a municipality in the district of Sissach in the canton of Basel-Country in Switzerland.

History[edit]

Rünenberg is first mentioned in 1101 as Runachperh.[3]

Geography[edit]

Rünenberg has an area, as of 2009, of 4.98 square kilometers (1.92 sq mi). Of this area, 2.75 km2 (1.06 sq mi) or 55.2% is used for agricultural purposes, while 1.88 km2 (0.73 sq mi) or 37.8% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.34 km2 (0.13 sq mi) or 6.8% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.01 km2 (2.5 acres) or 0.2% is either rivers or lakes.[4]

Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 4.8% and transportation infrastructure made up 1.4%. Out of the forested land, 36.5% of the total land area is heavily forested and 1.2% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 36.1% is used for growing crops and 14.1% is pastures, while 5.0% is used for orchards or vine crops. All the water in the municipality is flowing water.[4]

The municipality is located in the Sissach district, on a high plateau between the Homburger and Eital valleys. It consists of the linear village of Rünenberg.

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Azure, a Marguerite-flower Argent centered Or.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Rünenberg has a population (as of March 2016) of 784.[2] As of 2008, 5.0% of the population are resident foreign nationals.[6] Over the last 10 years (1997–2007) the population has changed at a rate of 7.5%.[7]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (690 or 97.9%), with French being second most common (4 or 0.6%) and Italian language being third (3 or 0.4%). There is 1 person who speaks Romansh.[8]

As of 2008, the gender distribution of the population was 50.3% male and 49.7% female. The population was made up of 754 Swiss citizens (95.2% of the population), and 38 non-Swiss residents (4.8%)[9] Of the population in the municipality 253 or about 35.9% were born in Rünenberg and lived there in 2000. There were 213 or 30.2% who were born in the same canton, while 172 or 24.4% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, and 60 or 8.5% were born outside of Switzerland.[8]

In 2008 there were 8 live births to Swiss citizens and were 4 deaths of Swiss citizens. Ignoring immigration and emigration, the population of Swiss citizens increased by 4 while the foreign population remained the same. There was 1 Swiss woman who emigrated from Switzerland. The total Swiss population change in 2008 (from all sources, including moves across municipal borders) was an increase of 10 and the non-Swiss population increased by 4 people. This represents a population growth rate of 1.8%.[6]

The age distribution, as of 2010, in Rünenberg is; 51 children or 6.4% of the population are between 0 and 6 years old and 119 teenagers or 15.0% are between 7 and 19. Of the adult population, 75 people or 9.5% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 85 people or 10.7% are between 30 and 39, 126 people or 15.9% are between 40 and 49, and 198 people or 25.0% are between 50 and 64. The senior population distribution is 106 people or 13.4% of the population are between 65 and 79 years old and there are 32 people or 4.0% who are over 80.[9]

As of 2000, there were 271 people who were single and never married in the municipality. There were 380 married individuals, 40 widows or widowers and 14 individuals who are divorced.[8]

As of 2000, there were 275 private households in the municipality, and an average of 2.6 persons per household.[7] There were 60 households that consist of only one person and 13 households with five or more people. Out of a total of 278 households that answered this question, 21.6% were households made up of just one person and 3 were adults who lived with their parents. Of the rest of the households, there are 88 married couples without children, 114 married couples with children There were 8 single parents with a child or children. There were 2 households that were made up unrelated people and 3 households that were made some sort of institution or another collective housing.[8]

In 2000 there were 134 single family homes (or 62.3% of the total) out of a total of 215 inhabited buildings. There were 28 multi-family buildings (13.0%), along with 44 multi-purpose buildings that were mostly used for housing (20.5%) and 9 other use buildings (commercial or industrial) that also had some housing (4.2%). Of the single family homes 25 were built before 1919, while 42 were built between 1990 and 2000. The greatest number of single family homes (27) were built between 1971 and 1980.[10]

In 2000 there were 296 apartments in the municipality. The most common apartment size was 4 rooms of which there were 94. There were 2 single room apartments and 115 apartments with five or more rooms. Of these apartments, a total of 274 apartments (92.6% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 10 apartments (3.4%) were seasonally occupied and 12 apartments (4.1%) were empty.[10] As of 2007, the construction rate of new housing units was 7.8 new units per 1000 residents.[7] As of 2000 the average price to rent a three-room apartment was about 751.00 CHF (US$600, £340, €480) and a four-room apartment cost an average of 1031.00 CHF (US$820, £460, €660).[11] The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2008, was 0.31%.[7]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[3][12]

Politics[edit]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 39.66% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SP (21.76%), the Green Party (17.54%) and the FDP (15.11%). In the federal election, a total of 329 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 54.8%.[13]

Economy[edit]

As of 2007, Rünenberg had an unemployment rate of 1.11%. As of 2005, there were 33 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 13 businesses involved in this sector. 59 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 9 businesses in this sector. 44 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 15 businesses in this sector.[7] There were 388 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 40.5% of the workforce.

In 2008 the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 110. The number of jobs in the primary sector was 23, of which 20 were in agriculture and 3 were in forestry or lumber production. The number of jobs in the secondary sector was 52, of which 40 or (76.9%) were in manufacturing and 12 (23.1%) were in construction. The number of jobs in the tertiary sector was 35. In the tertiary sector; 4 or 11.4% were in wholesale or retail sales or the repair of motor vehicles, 6 or 17.1% were in the movement and storage of goods, 2 or 5.7% were in a hotel or restaurant, 12 or 34.3% were technical professionals or scientists, 6 or 17.1% were in education.[14]

In 2000, there were 48 workers who commuted into the municipality and 301 workers who commuted away. The municipality is a net exporter of workers, with about 6.3 workers leaving the municipality for every one entering. About 10.4% of the workforce coming into Rünenberg are coming from outside Switzerland.[15] Of the working population, 20.1% used public transportation to get to work, and 55.4% used a private car.[7]

Religion[edit]

From the 2000 census, 103 or 14.6% were Roman Catholic, while 479 or 67.9% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there were 2 individuals (or about 0.28% of the population) who belonged to the Christian Catholic Church, and there was 1 individual who belongs to another Christian church. There were 5 (or about 0.71% of the population) who were Islamic. There was 1 person who was Buddhist. 106 (or about 15.04% of the population) belonged to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 8 individuals (or about 1.13% of the population) did not answer the question.[8]

Weather[edit]

Rünenberg has an average of 133.9 days of rain or snow per year and on average receives 978 mm (38.5 in) of precipitation. The wettest month is June during which time Rünenberg receives an average of 112 mm (4.4 in) of rain or snow. During this month there is precipitation for an average of 12.3 days. The month with the most days of precipitation is May, with an average of 13.7, but with only 108 mm (4.3 in) of rain or snow. The driest month of the year is February with an average of 55 mm (2.2 in) of precipitation over 9.6 days.[16] Climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year round. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb" (Marine West Coast Climate/Oceanic climate).[17]

Climate data for Rünenberg
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2
(36)
3.9
(39)
7.4
(45.3)
11.4
(52.5)
15.9
(60.6)
19.2
(66.6)
21.7
(71.1)
21
(70)
18
(64)
12.9
(55.2)
6.9
(44.4)
3.2
(37.8)
12
(54)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.6
(30.9)
0.9
(33.6)
3.9
(39)
7.2
(45)
11.4
(52.5)
14.6
(58.3)
16.9
(62.4)
16.3
(61.3)
13.6
(56.5)
9.3
(48.7)
3.9
(39)
0.8
(33.4)
8.2
(46.8)
Average low °C (°F) −3.1
(26.4)
−2
(28)
0.7
(33.3)
3.6
(38.5)
7.5
(45.5)
10.6
(51.1)
12.7
(54.9)
12.4
(54.3)
9.9
(49.8)
6
(43)
1.3
(34.3)
−1.9
(28.6)
4.8
(40.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 56
(2.2)
55
(2.17)
61
(2.4)
80
(3.15)
108
(4.25)
112
(4.41)
103
(4.06)
112
(4.41)
83
(3.27)
70
(2.76)
72
(2.83)
67
(2.64)
978
(38.5)
Average precipitation days 11.6 9.6 12 12.7 13.7 12.3 10.9 12.3 8.8 8.7 10.9 10.4 133.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 51 75 119 150 174 187 222 196 164 118 62 50 1,517
Percent possible sunshine 22 28 34 39 41 43 51 48 46 38 26 22 38
Source #1: MeteoSchweiz [16]
Source #2: Weatherbase [17]

Education[edit]

In Rünenberg about 347 or (49.2%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 73 or (10.4%) have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Of the 73 who completed tertiary schooling, 72.6% were Swiss men, 20.5% were Swiss women, 6.8% were non-Swiss men.[8]

As of 2000, there were 48 students from Rünenberg who attended schools outside the municipality.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Canton of Basel-Land Statistics, Wohnbevölkerung nach Nationalität und Konfession per 31. März 2016 (German) accessed 30 August 201
  3. ^ a b Rünenberg in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (German) accessed 25 March 2010
  5. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 07-March-2011
  6. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Superweb database - Gemeinde Statistics 1981-2008 (German) accessed 19 June 2010
  7. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 07-March-2011
  8. ^ a b c d e f STAT-TAB Datenwürfel für Thema 40.3 - 2000 (German) accessed 2 February 2011
  9. ^ a b Canton of Basel-Land Statistics, Wohnbevölkerung nach Nationalität und Konfession per 30. September 2010 (German) accessed 16 February 2011
  10. ^ a b Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB - Datenwürfel für Thema 09.2 - Gebäude und Wohnungen (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  11. ^ Canton of Basel-Land Statistics, Mieter- und Genossenschafterwohnungen1 nach Zimmerzahl und Mietpreis 2000 (German) accessed 20 February 2011
  12. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 (German) accessed 29 January 2011
  13. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office, Nationalratswahlen 2007: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung, nach Gemeinden/Bezirk/Canton (German) accessed 28 May 2010
  14. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Betriebszählung: Arbeitsstätten nach Gemeinde und NOGA 2008 (Abschnitte), Sektoren 1-3 (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  15. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Statweb (German) accessed 24 June 2010
  16. ^ a b "Temperature and Precipitation Average Values-Table, 1961-1990" (in German, French, and Italian). Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology - MeteoSwiss. Retrieved 8 May 2009. , the Rünenberg weather station elevation is 611 meters above sea level. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "MeteoSchweiz" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  17. ^ a b Climate Summary for Rünenberg

External links[edit]