R. C. Evans
Richard Charles Evans (October 20, 1861 – January 18, 1921) was a Canadian apostle and member of the First Presidency in the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (RLDS Church) who became the leader of a schismatic sect that separated from the RLDS Church in 1918.
Evans was born in St. Andrews in Argenteuil County, Province of Canada, in present-day Quebec. On November 5, 1876, at the age of 15, Evans was baptized in the Thames River in Ontario by RLDS Church preacher J. J. Cornish. In 1882, Evans became a priest in the church, and in 1884 and 1886 he became an elder and a seventy, respectively.
On April 12, 1897, at a general conference of the RLDS Church, Evans was made an apostle and a member of the Council of Twelve Apostles. On April 20, 1902, Evans became a counselor in the First Presidency to Joseph Smith III, the Prophet–President of the RLDS Church. In 1909, Evans was released from the First Presidency and was ordained to the office of bishop. As a bishop, Evans was given a specific jurisdiction over the church in Canada. Evans had been upset considerably when Smith designated his son, Frederick M. Smith, as the foreordained successor to the church presidency in 1906. When Joseph Smith III died in 1914 and Frederick Smith took control of the church, Evans' frustration over being overlooked as a worthy successor continued to grow.
In 1918, Evans broke with the RLDS Church. Evans had complained about Prophet–President Frederick M. Smith's administrative style and the church's continuing denials that Latter Day Saint movement founder Joseph Smith had practiced and taught plural marriage. A number of RLDS Church members in Toronto followed Evans, and they began a church they called the Church of the Christian Brotherhood. Evans used some of the RLDS Church's money to fund the new church's activities. In 1919, the RLDS Church sued Evans in the Supreme Court of Ontario to recover these funds; while the case was dismissed at trial, the church's appeal was successful and Evans' church was forced to return the funds to the RLDS Church. Shortly before the trial, Evans was excommunicated from the RLDS Church for apostasy and mismanagement of church funds.
In 1920, Evans published a book explaining why he left the RLDS Church. He wrote that while the "Reorganized 'Mormon Church' does not teach or practice polygamy", the "great sin" of the church "is in denying that Joseph Smith, their prophet, seer and revelator, received revelations commanding the church to enter into that God dishonoring and woman debasing doctrine under pain of eternal damnation". Faced with these facts, Evans concluded that he "could no longer believe that God and Christ visited and conversed with Smith" and that he must have been a false prophet. Although it was not central to his reasoning, Evans also mentioned that Frederick M. Smith was "neither a prophet, seer, revelator nor God's mouth-piece to the church, but is an autocrat, cruel and tricky, and selfish in his methods."
Evans died in Toronto from pneumonia.
- R.C. Evans (1909). Autobiography of Bishop R.C. Evans of the RLDS Church (Lamoni, Iowa: Herald Publishing House)
- —— (1920). Forty Years in the Mormon Church: Why I Left It! (Toronto: R.C. Evans)
- Roger D. Launius, “Pretender to the Throne? R. C. Evans and the Problem of Presidential Succession in the Reorganization”, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought vol. 30, no. 2 (Summer 1997) pp. 81–102.
- R.C. Evans (1920). Forty Years in the Mormon Church: Why I Left It! (Toronto: R.C. Evans) p. 4.
- R.C. Evans (1920). Forty Years in the Mormon Church: Why I Left It! (Toronto: R.C. Evans) p. 80.
- Roger D. Launius, "R.C. Evans: Boy Orator of the Reorganization" JWHA Journal 3 (1983): 40–50
- ——, “Pretender to the Throne? R. C. Evans and the Problem of Presidential Succession in the Reorganization”, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought vol. 30, no. 2 (Summer 1997) pp. 81–102
- W. Grant McMurray, "'His Reward is Sure': The Search for R.C. Evans", Restoration Trail Forum vol. 11, no. 2 (May 1985) pp. 5–6
- Elbert A. Smith, "The Death of R.C. Evans", Saints' Herald vol. 68 (1921-01-26) p. 76
- Frederick M. Smith, “R.C. Evans Leaves the Church.” Saints' Herald vol. 65 (1918-06-19) p. 589.
|Community of Christ titles|
William W. Blair
|Counselor in the First Presidency
April 18, 1902–April 19, 1909
Elbert A. Smith