R. Harold Zook
|R. Harold Zook|
|Born||Roscoe Harold Zook
21 May 1889
|Died||17 April 1949
|Alma mater||Armour Institute of Technology|
St. Charles Municipal Building
Roscoe Harold Zook (21 May 1889 – 17 April 1949) was an American architect best known for his work in suburban Chicago, Illinois. He received a degree in architecture from the Armour Institute of Technology (now Illinois Institute of Technology, or IIT) in 1914. In 1916 Zook married his first wife, Mildred Barnard. They divorced in the late 1930s. They had one son, Harold Barnard Zook, who followed in his father's footsteps to become an architect in Corona del Mar, California. In the early 1940s, Zook married his second wife, Florence (Barkey) Nissen, whom he met through mutual friends (and clients). Zook died in April 1949, just short of his 60th birthday.
Early life and career
Roscoe Harold Zook was born in Valparaiso, Indiana on May 21, 1889, the sixth child of Florence and Dennis Coder Zook. His father was a builder, working as a master carpenter for the Pennsylvania Railroad in Fort Wayne. Zook's uncle, Jacob Steel Zook, was also a builder, most notably designing the Brumback Library in Van Wert, Ohio, now recognized as a Historic Place.
R. Harold Zook spent most of his childhood in Fort Wayne, attending the public schools and showing an early proficiency for art. He attended college at the Armour Institute of Technology. After graduating in 1914, Zook was named to the faculty and taught for four years. He also taught interior design at the Art Institute of Chicago and apprenticed under Howard Van Doren Shaw. In the 1910s, Zook served as President of the Architects Club of Chicago, and was a member of several local architectural clubs. In 1922, Zook made an unsuccessful entry in the Chicago Tribune design competition for their new Chicago building.
Zook built a home and studio in Hinsdale in 1924. In 1925, Zook partnered with William F. McCaughey, a fellow apprentice of Shaw, to start a new architectural firm, operating out of the Auditorium Building. Later, he opened a new office on the 17th floor of the Marquette Building. He designed thirty-four homes and buildings in Hinsdale from 1922 to 1953. Twenty-eight houses in the neighborhood are still occupied. He also worked in Iowa, Wisconsin and Virginia.
He is known for the "Cotswold style cottages" he designed which use details from Tudor architecture including timber framing, exposed beams, diamond-shaped window panes, and intricate brick or stonework. He developed a roofing technique that came to be known as the "Zook roof", with wood shingles laid out in an undulating pattern across the surface to recreate the appearance of a thatched roof. The roofers used "rolled eaves" at the edges of the roof to make a curved transition into the wall below. Zook designed ornamental ironwork for several of these houses using a trademark spider web pattern.
In partnership with architect William F. McCaughey, Zook designed the 1928 art deco style Pickwick Theatre in Park Ridge, Illinois. This was their only theater design, now listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The theater features a 100-foot-tall (30 m) tower and lantern, a unique marquee and one of the original installations of a Mighty Wurlitzer theater organ.
- 1924 - Harold Zook Home & Studio - Hinsdale, Illinois 
- 1928 - Jensen House (or W. W. Thompson Home), 325 East Eighth Street, Hinsdale, Du Page County, IL
- 1928 - Pickwick Theater - Park Ridge, Illinois
- 1934 - Burns Field Shelter
- 1940 - St. Charles Municipal Building - St. Charles, Illinois
- 1948 - Aichinger Residence, 371 Kent Road, Riverside, Illinois
- "R. Harold Zook" biography Zook Home Studio
- Harry D. Zook, Revised Zug/Zuck/Zouck/Zook Genealogy, Baltimore, MD: Gateway Press, Inc., 2009, pp. 165-168 [#J31168].
- "Jensen House, 325 East Eighth Street, Hinsdale, Du Page County, IL" Short biography and six drawings, from the Historic American Buildings Survey
- "Demolished Zook Homes and Buildings in Hinsdale" List of all thirty-four homes, identifying six demolished buildings
- "Hinsdale, IL: R. Harold Zook Home & Studio" National Trust for Historic Preservation, June 14, 2008
- "Registered Historic Places in Cook County, Illinois". National Register of Historic Places. Retrieved: March 2010.
- "Silent Film Movie Palaces" The Silent Film Society of Chicago
- "Zook Home and Studio, Hinsdale" The buildings at 327 South Oak Street were saved from demolition and relocated in 2005. Landmarks Illinois. Retrieved: March 2010. See also, note #2., p. 168, for photo of this house.
- "About St. Charles" St. Charles Community Website
- "Aichinger Residence" Frederick Law Olmsted Society