R. Heber Newton

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Richard Heber Newton
Heber Newton writer.png
Newton in 1907
Born(1840-10-31)October 31, 1840
DiedDecember 19, 1914(1914-12-19) (aged 74)
OccupationPriest and writer
Known forSocial Gospel leader and supporter of Higher Criticism
Notable work
The Morals of Trade, The Right and Wrong Uses of the Bible (1883)

Richard Heber Newton (31 October 1840 – 19 December 1914) was a prominent American Episcopalian priest and writer.


Newton was rector of All Souls' Protestant Episcopal Church in New York City from 1869–1902. He was a leader in the Social Gospel movement, a supporter of Higher Criticism of the Bible, and sought to unify Christian churches in the United States.[1]

Scholars have seen his 1874-1875 lectures, The Morals of Trade, as an important early statement of some of the concerns which were prominent in the Social Gospel movement.[2]

In 1883 he was accused of heresy[3] for a series of sermons later published in a book, The Right and Wrong Uses of the Bible. He was again accused in 1884 and 1891 but the bishop, Henry Codman Potter, refused to go forward.[4]

In 1903 he briefly served as first and last pastor of Stanford Memorial Church at Stanford University.[5]


  • The Morals of Trade (1876)
  • Studies of Jesus (1880)
  • Womanhood: Lectures on a Woman's Work in the World (1881)
  • The Right and Wrong Uses of the Bible (1883)[6]
  • Philistinism: Plain Words concerning Certain Forms of Modern Scepticism (1885)
  • Church and Creed (1891)
  • The Mysticism of Music (1915)
  • Catholicity: A Treatise on the Unity of Religion (1918)


  1. ^ Armentrout, Donald S. (February 2000). "Newton, Richard Heber". American National Biography Online. Retrieved 2009-01-18.
  2. ^ Roberts, R. R. (1956). "The Social Gospel and the Trust-Busters". Church History. 25 (3): 240. JSTOR 3161244.
  3. ^ "CHARGED WITH HERESY; A PRESENTMENT AGAINST THE REV. R. HEBER NEWTON". New York Times. 26 April 1883. Retrieved 2011-02-08.
  4. ^ "Henry Codman Potter, seventh bishop of New York" By George Hodges, 1915, pp 135-143.
  5. ^ "Guide to the Stanford University. Memorial Church. Records". Online Archive of California. Retrieved 2009-08-01.
  6. ^ Newton, Richard Heber. "The Right and Wrong Uses of the Bible". Project Gutenburg. Retrieved 2011-02-08.

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