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R. L. Stine

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R. L. Stine
R. L. Stine at the 2008 Texas Book Festival
Stine in November 2019
BornRobert Lawrence Stine
(1943-10-08) October 8, 1943 (age 78)
Columbus, Ohio, U.S.
Pen nameJovial Bob Stine
Eric Affabee
  • Novelist
  • short story writer
  • television producer
  • screenwriter
  • executive editor
GenreChildren's literature, horror, science fiction, fantasy, humor, Gothic fiction, genre fiction, dark fantasy, thriller, Supernatural fiction
Jane Waldhorn
(m. 1969)
SignatureR. L. Stine

Robert Lawrence Stine (/stn/; born October 8, 1943), sometimes known as Jovial Bob Stine and Eric Affabee, is an American novelist, short story writer, television producer, screenwriter, and executive editor.

Stine has been referred to as the "Stephen King of children's literature"[1] and is the author of hundreds of horror fiction novels, including the books in the Fear Street, Goosebumps, Rotten School, Mostly Ghostly and The Nightmare Room series. Some of his other works include a Space Cadets trilogy, two Hark gamebooks, and dozens of joke books. As of 2008, Stine's books have sold over 400 million copies.

Early life

Stine was born on October 8, 1943[2] in Columbus, Ohio,[3] the son of Lewis Stine, a shipping clerk, and Anne Feinstein. He grew up in Bexley, Ohio.[4][5][6] He comes from a Jewish family. Stine began writing at age nine, when he found a typewriter in his attic, subsequently beginning to type stories and joke books.[7] According to the documentary Tales from the Crypt: From Comic Books to Television, R.L. Stine said that he remembered reading the popular/infamous Tales from the Crypt comic books when he was young and credited them as one of his inspirations. He graduated from Ohio State University in 1965 with a Bachelor of Arts in English.[8] While at OSU, R. L. Stine edited the OSU humor magazine The Sundial for three out of his four years there.[2] He later moved to New York City to pursue his career as a writer.[4]


Stine wrote dozens of humor books for kids under the name Jovial Bob Stine and created the humor magazine Bananas.[4] Bananas was written for teenagers and published by Scholastic Press for 72 issues between 1975 and 1984, plus various "Yearbooks" and paperback books. Stine was editor and responsible for much of the writing (other contributors included writers Robert Leighton, Suzanne Lord and Jane Samuels and artists Sam Viviano, Samuel B. Whitehead, Bob K. Taylor, Bryan Hendrix, Bill Basso, and Howard Cruse). Recurring features included "Hey – Lighten Up!", "It Never Fails!", "Phone Calls", "Joe" (a comic strip by John Holmstrom), "Phil Fly", "Don't You Wish...", "Doctor Duck", "The Teens of Ferret High", "First Date" (a comic strip by Alyse Newman), and "Ask Doctor Si N. Tific".

In 1986, Stine wrote his first horror novel, called Blind Date.[9] He followed with many other novels, including The Babysitter, Beach House, Hit and Run, and The Girlfriend.[4] He was also the co-creator and head writer for the Nickelodeon children's television series Eureeka's Castle,[10] original episodes of which aired as part of the Nick Jr. programming block during the 1989–1995 seasons.

In 1989, Stine started writing Fear Street books.[11] Before launching the Goosebumps series, Stine authored three humorous science fiction books in the Space Cadets series titled Jerks in Training, Bozos on Patrol, and Losers in Space.[12] In 1992, Stine and Parachute Press went on to launch Goosebumps.[4]

Also produced was a Goosebumps TV series that ran for four seasons from 1995–1998[13] and three video games; Escape from HorrorLand, Attack of the Mutant[14] and Goosebumps HorrorLand.[15] In 1995, Stine's first novel targeted at adults, called Superstitious, was published.[16] He has since published three other adult-oriented novels: The Sitter, Eye Candy,[8] and Red Rain.

Stine in November 2008

In the first decade of the 21st century, Stine worked on installments of five different book series, Mostly Ghostly, Rotten School, Fear Street, The Nightmare Room, Goosebumps Horrorland and the stand-alone novels Dangerous Girls (2003) and The Taste of Night (2004). Also, a direct-to-DVD movie The Haunting Hour Volume One: Don't Think About It. Starring Emily Osment, the film was released by Universal Home Entertainment on September 4, 2007[17] and was successful enough to spawn a spin-off, anthology, TV series R. L. Stine's The Haunting Hour

In 2014, Stine brought the Fear Street books back with his novel Party Games (ISBN 978-1250066220). The release of the Fear Street novel Give Me a K-I-L-L took place in 2017 (ISBN 978-1250058966). Jack Black portrayed a fictionalized version of Stine in the 2015 film Goosebumps, while Stine himself made a cameo appearance in the film, playing a teacher named "Mr. Black".[18] In the film's sequel, Goosebumps 2: Haunted Halloween (2018), Stine had another cameo, as Principal Harrison, while Black reprised his role as Stine in several scenes. A Fear Street trilogy of films was released by Netflix in 2021.

In 2019, Stine appeared on an episode of the children's TV series Arthur. In "Fright Night," which aired in the 23rd season of the show, Stine voices Bob Baxter, the uncle of main character Buster Baxter. In the episode, Bob is shown to moonlight as a writer of scary stories, alluding to his real-life career as the author of the Goosebumps series.[19]

Awards and recognition

According to Forbes List of the 40 best-paid Entertainers of 1996–97, Stine placed 36th with an income of $41 million for the fiscal year.[20] His books have sold over 400 million copies worldwide as of 2008,[21] landing on many bestseller lists. In three consecutive years during the 1990s, USA Today named Stine as America's number one best-selling author.[22]

Among the awards he has received are the 2002 Champion of Reading Award from the Free Public Library of Philadelphia (that award's first year), the Disney Adventures Kids' Choice Award for Best Book-Mystery/Horror (three-time recipient) and the Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards (also received three times).[22] During the 1990s, Stine was listed on People Weekly's "Most Intriguing People" list, and in 2003, the Guinness Book of World Records named Stine as the best-selling children's book series author of all time. He won the Thriller Writers of America Silver Bullet Award in 2007, and the Horror Writers Association's Lifetime Achievement Award in 2014.[23] His stories have even inspired R. L. Stine's Haunted Lighthouse, 4D movie-based attractions at SeaWorld (San Antonio and San Diego) and Busch Gardens (Williamsburg and Tampa).[24]

In 2017, Stine was awarded the Inkpot Award.[25]

Personal life

On June 22, 1969, Stine married Jane Waldhorn, an editor and writer[8] who later co-founded Parachute Press in 1983.[26] The couple's only child, Matthew (born June 7, 1980),[8] works in the music industry.[27]


Original series

Space Cadets

  1. Jerks-in-Training (1991)
  2. Losers in Space (1991)
  3. Bozos on Patrol (1992)


Goosebumps Series 2000

  1. Cry of the Cat
  2. Bride of the Living Dummy
  3. Creature Teacher
  4. Invasion of the Body Squeezers, Part I
  5. Invasion of the Body Squeezers, Part II
  6. I Am Your Evil Twin
  7. Revenge R Us
  8. Fright Camp
  9. Are You Terrified Yet?
  10. Headless Halloween
  11. Attack of the Graveyard Ghouls
  12. Brain Juice
  13. Return to HorrorLand
  14. Jekyll and Heidi
  15. Scream School
  16. The Mummy Walks
  17. The Werewolf in the Living Room
  18. Horrors of the Black Ring
  19. Return to Ghost Camp
  20. Be Afraid – Be Very Afraid!
  21. The Haunted Car
  22. Full Moon Fever
  23. Slappy's Nightmare
  24. Earth Geeks Must Go!
  25. Ghost in the Mirror

Give Yourself Goosebumps

  1. Escape from the Carnival of Horrors
  2. Tick Tock, You're Dead!
  3. Trapped in Bat Wing Hall
  4. The Deadly Experiments of Dr. Eeek
  5. Night in Werewolf Woods
  6. Beware of the Purple Peanut Butter
  7. Under the Magician's Spell
  8. The Curse of the Creeping Coffin
  9. The Knight in Screaming Armor
  10. Diary of a Mad Mummy
  11. Deep in the Jungle of Doom
  12. Welcome to the Wicked Wax Museum
  13. Scream of the Evil Genie
  14. The Creepy Creations of Professor Shock
  15. Please Don't Feed the Vampire!
  16. Secret Agent Grandma
  17. Little Comic Shop of Horrors
  18. Attack of the Beastly Baby-sitter
  19. Escape from Camp Run-for-Your-Life
  20. Toy Terror: Batteries Included
  21. The Twisted Tale of Tiki Island
  22. Return to the Carnival of Horrors
  23. Zapped in Space
  24. Lost in Stinkeye Swamp
  25. Shop Till You Drop...Dead!
  26. Alone in Snakebite Canyon
  27. Checkout Time at the Dead-End Hotel
  28. Night of a Thousand Claws
  29. Invaders from the Big Screen
  30. You're Plant Food!
  31. The Werewolf of Twisted Tree Lodge
  32. It's Only a Nightmare
  33. It Came from the Internet
  34. Elevator to Nowhere
  35. Hocus-Pocus Horror
  36. Ship of Ghouls
  37. Escape from Horror House
  38. Into the Twister of Terror
  39. Scary Birthday to You
  40. Zombie School
  41. Danger Time
  42. All-Day Nightmare
Give Yourself Goosebumps Special Edition
  1. Into the Jaws of Doom
  2. Return to Terror Tower
  3. Trapped in the Circus of Fear
  4. One Night in Payne House
  5. The Curse of the Cave Creatures
  6. Revenge of the Body Squeezers
  7. Trick or...Trapped!
  8. Weekend at Poison Lake

Fear Street[28]

  1. The New Girl (1989)
  2. The Surprise Party (1989)
  3. The Overnight (1989)
  4. Missing (1990)
  5. The Wrong Number (1990)
  6. The Sleepwalker (1990)
  7. Haunted (1990)
  8. Halloween Party (1990)
  9. The Stepsister (1990)
  10. Ski Weekend (1991)
  11. The Fire Game (1991)
  12. Lights Out (1991)
  13. The Secret Bedroom (1991)
  14. The Knife (1991)
  15. The Prom Queen (1992)
  16. First Date (1992)
  17. The Best Friend (1992)
  18. The Cheater (1993)
  19. Sunburn (1993)
  20. The New Boy (1994)
  21. The Dare (1994)
  22. Bad Dreams (1994)
  23. Double Date (1994)
  24. The Thrill Club (1994)
  25. One Evil Summer (1994)
  26. The Mind Reader (1994)
  27. Wrong Number 2 (1995)
  28. Truth or Dare (1995)
  29. Dead End (1995)
  30. Final Grade (1995)
  31. Switched (1995)
  32. College Weekend (1995)
  33. The Stepsister 2 (1995)
  34. What Holly Heard (1996)
  35. The Face (1996)
  36. Secret Admirer (1996)
  37. The Perfect Date (1996)
  38. The Confession (1996)
  39. The Boy Next Door (1996)
  40. Night Games (1996)
  41. Runaway (1997)
  42. Killer's Kiss (1997)
  43. All-Night Party (1997)
  44. The Rich Girl (1997)
  45. Cat (1997)
  46. Fear Hall: The Beginning (1997)
  47. Fear Hall: The Conclusion (1997)
  48. Who Killed The Homecoming Queen? (1997)
  49. Into The Dark (1997)
  50. Best Friend 2 (1997)
  51. Trapped (1997)
  52. Party Games
  53. Don't Stay Up Late
  54. The Lost Girl
  55. Fear Street Super Thriller: Party Games & Don't Stay Up Late
New Fear Street
  1. The Stepbrother
  2. Camp Out
  3. Scream, Jennifer, Scream!
  4. The Bad Girl
Fear Street Super Chiller
  1. Party Summer
  2. Silent Night
  3. Goodnight Kiss
  4. Broken Hearts
  5. Silent Night 2
  6. The Dead Lifeguard
  7. Cheerleaders: The New Evil
  8. Bad Moonlight
  9. The New Year's Party
  10. Goodnight Kiss 2
  11. Silent Night 3
  12. High Tide
  13. Cheerleaders: The Evil Lives!
  1. The First Evil
  2. The Second Evil
  3. The Third Evil
  4. The New Evil
  5. The Evil Lives!
The Fear Street Saga Trilogy
  1. The Betrayal
  2. The Secret
  3. The Burning
99 Fear Street: The House of Evil
  1. The First Horror
  2. The Second Horror
  3. The Third Horror
Cataluna Chronicles
  1. The Evil Moon
  2. The Dark Secret
  3. The Deadly Fire
Fear Park
  1. The First Scream
  2. The Loudest Scream
  3. The Last Scream
Fear Street Sagas
  1. A New Fear
  2. House of Whispers
  3. Forbidden Secrets
  4. The Sign of Fear
  5. The Hidden Evil
  6. Daughters of Silence
  7. Children of Fear
  8. Dance of Death
  9. Heart of the Hunter
  10. The Awakening Evil
  11. Circle of Fire
  12. Chamber of Fear
  13. Faces of Terror
  14. One Last Kiss
  15. Door of Death
  16. The Hand of Power
Fear Street Seniors
  1. Let's Party
  2. In Too Deep
  3. The Thirst
  4. No Answer
  5. Last Chance
  6. The Gift
  7. Fight Team, Fight
  8. Sweetheart, Evil Heart
  9. Spring Break
  10. Wicked
  11. The Prom Date
  12. Graduation Day
Fear Street Nights
  1. Moonlight Secrets
  2. Midnight Games
  3. Darkest Dawn

Ghosts of Fear Street

  1. Hide and Shriek
  2. Who's Been Sleeping in My Grave?
  3. The Attack of the Aqua Apes
  4. Nightmare in 3-D
  5. Stay Away from the Tree House
  6. Eye of the Fortuneteller
  7. Fright Knight
  8. The Ooze
  9. Revenge of the Shadow People
  10. The Bugman Lives!
  11. The Boy Who Ate Fear Street
  12. Night of the Werecat
  13. How to Be a Vampire
  14. Body Switchers from Outer Space
  15. Fright Christmas
  16. Don't Ever Get Sick at Granny's
  17. House of a Thousand Screams
  18. Camp Fear Ghouls
  19. Three Evil Wishes
  20. Spell of the Screaming Jokers
  21. The Creature from Club Lagoona
  22. Field of Screams
  23. Why I'm Not Afraid of Ghosts
  24. Monster Dog
  25. Halloween Bugs Me!
  26. Go to Your Tomb – Right Now!
  27. Parents from the 13th Dimension
  28. Hide and Shriek II
  29. The Tale of the Blue Monkey
  30. I Was a Sixth-Grade Zombie
  31. Escape of the He-Beast
  32. Caution: Aliens at Work
  33. Attack of the Vampire Worms
  34. Horror Hotel Pt. 1: The Vampire Checks in
  35. Horror Hotel Pt. 2: Ghost in the Guest Room
  36. The Funhouse of Dr. Freek

Mostly Ghostly

  1. Who Let the Ghosts Out?
  2. Have You Met My Ghoulfriend?
  3. One Night in Doom House
  4. Little Camp of Horrors
  5. Ghouls Gone Wild
  6. Let's Get This Party Haunted!
  7. Freaks and Shrieks
  8. Don't Close Your Eyes!

Rotten School

  1. The Big Blueberry Barf-Off!
  2. The Great Smelling Bee
  3. The Good, the Bad and the Very Slimy
  4. Lose, Team, Lose!
  5. Shake, Rattle and Hurl!
  6. The Heinie Prize
  7. Dudes, the School is Haunted!
  8. The Teacher from Heck
  9. Party Poopers
  10. The Rottenest Angel
  11. Punk'd and Skunked
  12. Battle of the Dum Diddys
  13. Got Cake?
  14. Night of the Creepy Things
  15. Calling All Birdbrains
  16. Dumb Clucks

The Nightmare Room

  1. Don't Forget Me!
  2. Locker 13
  3. My Name is Evil
  4. Liar Liar
  5. Dear Diary, I'm Dead
  6. They Call Me Creature
  7. The Howler
  8. Shadow Girl
  9. Camp Nowhere
  10. Full Moon Halloween
  11. Scare School
  12. Visitors
The Nightmare Room Thrillogy
  1. Fear Games
  2. What Scares You the Most?
  3. No Survivors

Goosebumps HorrorLand

  • Welcome to HorrorLand: A Survival Guide
  • Revenge of the Living Dummy
  • Creep from the Deep
  • Monster Blood for Breakfast!
  • The Scream of the Haunted Mask
  • Dr. Maniac vs. Robby Schwartz
  • Who's Your Mummy?
  • My Friends Call Me Monster
  • Say Cheese – And Die Screaming!
  • Welcome to Camp Slither
  • Help! We Have Strange Powers!
  • Escape from HorrorLand
  • The Streets of Panic Park
  • When the Ghost Dog Howls
  • Little Shop of Hamsters
  • Heads, You Lose!
  • Weirdo Halloween
  • The Wizard Of Ooze
  • Slappy's New Year!
  • The Horror at Chiller House
  • Claws!
  • Night of Giant Everything
  • The Five Masks of Dr. Screem
  • Why I Quit Zombie School
  • Don't Scream!
  • The Birthday Party of No Return

Goosebumps Most Wanted

  • Son of Slappy
  • Planet of the Lawn Gnomes
  • How I Met My Monster
  • Frankenstein's Dog
  • Dr. Maniac Will See You Now
  • Creature Teacher: The Final Exam
  • A Nightmare on Clown Street
Special Edition
  • Zombie Halloween
  • The 12 Screams of Christmas


  1. The Badlands of Hark
  2. The Invaders of Hark

Dangerous Girls

  1. Dangerous Girls
  2. The Taste of Night

On August 31, 2010, these two books were combined in the book Bitten

Stand-alone novels


  • Beware! (edited by Stine)
  • The Haunting Hour
  • The Nightmare Hour
  • Tales to Give You Goosebumps
  • More Tales to Give You Goosebumps
  • Even More Tales to Give You Goosebumps
  • Still More Tales to Give You Goosebumps
  • More and More Tales to Give You Goosebumps
  • More and More and More Tales to Give You Goosebumps
  • Goosebumps Triple Header, Book 1
  • Goosebumps Triple Header, Book 2

Short stories

  • "The Spell"
  • "Dead of Night"
  • "The Head Start"
  • "Lucky at Cards"
  • "The Kid Behind the Door"
  • "The Terror After School"
  • "Do Some Damage!"
  • "Curse of the Smiling Mummy"
  • "Can You Keep a Secret?"
  • "The Vampire Club"
  • "My Worst Nightmare"
  • "The Wrong Room"

Non-fiction and Jovial Bob Stine books

  • 101 Vacation Jokes
  • 101 Wacky Kid Jokes
  • 101 Silly Monster Jokes
  • The Absurdly Silly Encyclopaedia and Fly Swatter
  • Amazing Adventure of Me, Myself and I
  • Blips: The First Book of Videogame Funnies
  • Cool Kids' Guide to Summer Camp
  • Doggone Dog Joke Book
  • Don't Stand in the Soup
  • How to Be Funny
  • It Came From Ohio!: My Life As A Writer (autobiography)[nb 1]
  • Miami Mice
  • Pork and Beans: Play Date
  • The Sick of Being Sick Book
  • You Know It's Going to Be A Long School Year When...
  • My Secret Identity
  • Pigs' Book of World Records
  • Jovial Bob's Computer Joke Book

Movie novelizations

Zachary Blue books

  • The Jet Fighter Trap
  • The Protectors: The Petrova Twist

Picture books

  • Gnasty Gnomes

Comic books

Contributions to other series


  • Broken Date
  • How I Broke Up With Ernie

Masters of the Universe

  • Demons of the Deep


  • The Time Raider
  • Golden Sword of Dragonwalk
  • Horrors of the Haunted Museum
  • Instant Millionaire

Find Your Fate

  • Indiana Jones and the Curse of Horror Island
  • Indiana Jones and the Giants of the Silver Tower
  • Indiana Jones and the Cult of the Mummy's Crypt
  • James Bond in Win, Place or Die
  • Indiana Jones and the Ape Slaves of Howling Island

Find Your Fate Junior: Golden Girl

  • Golden Girl and the Vanishing Unicorn

Wizards, Warriors and You

The books followed the standard Choose Your Own Adventure formula, but also featured "flagged" choices that were determined by choices earlier in the book. (For example, "If you already have the Unfathomable Pocket of Crowden, turn to page 65; otherwise, turn to page 78.") The books attempted to introduce a further "role-playing game-like" element with the inclusion of randomization to determine events such as the outcome of a battle or success of a spell. These RPG-like elements were designed for young readers, and were thus very simple, as opposed to the complex mechanics of the teen-oriented Fighting Fantasy and Lone Wolf series of gamebooks.

  • The Forest of Twisted Dreams
  • The Siege of the Dragonriders (as Eric Affabee)
  • Challenge of the Wolf Knight
  • The Dragon Queen's Revenge (as Eric Affabee)
  • Cavern of the Phantoms
  • Attack on the King (as Eric Affabee)

G.I. Joe: Find Your Fate

  • Operation: Star Raider (as Eric Affabee)
  • Operation: Deadly Decoy
  • Operation: Mindbender
  • Serpentor and the Mummy Warrior

G.I. Joe

  • Siege of Serpentor
  • Jungle Raid

Horror High

  • Fatal Kiss
  • Grave Intentions
  • Deadly Rumours

Point Horror

See also

Explanatory notes

  1. ^ This book was originally published in 1997; an updated version was published in 2015.


  1. ^ "Emily Osment stars in 'R.L. Stine's "The Haunting Hour"". Cape Cod Times. October 26, 2007. Archived from the original on July 8, 2011. Retrieved February 24, 2011.
  2. ^ a b "R.L. Stine". Ohio Reading Road Trip. Retrieved February 27, 2011.
  3. ^ "The Nightmare Room by R.L. Stine". Retrieved May 11, 2011.
  4. ^ a b c d e "About R.L. – For book and school reports". Archived from the original on November 27, 2013. Retrieved February 27, 2011.
  5. ^ "Stine, R. L. 1943–".
  6. ^ Gordon, Ken (December 9, 2013). "R.L. Stine still scaring up kids' stories". The Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
  7. ^ MacPherson, Karen (April 8, 2008). "Venture into R.L. Stine's 'HorrorLand' – if you dare!". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved February 27, 2011.
  8. ^ a b c d "2011 Thrillermaster: R.L. Stine". ThrillerFest. Archived from the original on July 17, 2011. Retrieved February 25, 2011.
  9. ^ Rosenberg, Joyce M. (October 27, 1996). "Success gives bookstores Goosebumps". The Albany Herald. Retrieved February 27, 2011.
  10. ^ Conradt, Stacy (October 14, 2009). "The Quick 10: The Not-Very-Scary Former Jobs of 10 Very Scary People". Mental floss. Archived from the original on March 12, 2010. Retrieved November 11, 2012.
  11. ^ Meister, Cari (2001). R.L. Stine. ABDO Publishing Company. p. 17. ISBN 1-57765-484-6. Retrieved May 15, 2011.
  12. ^ Marcovitz, Hal (2005). R.L. Stine. Chelsea House Publishers. p. 94. ISBN 0-7910-8659-3. Retrieved May 15, 2011.
  13. ^ Gunelius, Susan (2008). Harry Potter: The Story of a Global Business Phenomenon. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 58. ISBN 978-0-230-20323-5.
  14. ^ "Technical Support – Goosebumps". Scholastic. Retrieved December 25, 2010.
  15. ^ Paramchuk, Jeff (January 2, 2009). "Goosebumps HorrorLand". Common Sense Media. Retrieved January 10, 2011.
  16. ^ "Superstitious". Kirkus Reviews. July 15, 1995. Retrieved December 7, 2010.
  17. ^ "Cartoon Network – it's not ..." The Washington Post. August 31, 2007. Retrieved November 11, 2012.
  18. ^ Stine, R. L. (May 20, 2014). ".@mdroush Jack Black plays me in the GB movie, now filming in GA. I'm going down to do a cameo next month". Twitter. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
  19. ^ Smith, Meghan (October 30, 2020). "'Goosebumps' Author R.L. Stine On Frightening Generations And Voicing A Creepy Character For 'Arthur'". GBH. Retrieved October 30, 2020.
  20. ^ The 40 best-paid entertainers, Forbes magazine
  21. ^ "Venture into R.L. Stine's 'HorrorLand' – if you dare!". April 8, 2008. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  22. ^ a b "R.L. Stine". Parachute Publishing. Archived from the original on February 4, 2011. Retrieved February 27, 2011.
  23. ^ "Stine, Jones Win Horror Writers Association's Lifetime Achievement Award". Publishers Weekly. February 25, 2014. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
  24. ^ Norton, Wilma (May 29, 2003). "Busch Gardens' new beacon beckons". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved November 11, 2012.
  25. ^ Inkpot Award
  26. ^ "Books and entertainment kids choose for themselves". Parachute Press. Archived from the original on February 4, 2011. Retrieved February 25, 2011.
  27. ^ "Elisabeth Weinberg, Matthew Stine". The New York Times. July 2, 2010. Retrieved February 25, 2011.
  28. ^ "R.L. Stine". Book Series in Order. August 11, 2014. Retrieved July 8, 2021.

External links