R. Tom Zuidema

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Reiner Tom Zuidema (born 1927) is professor emeritus of Anthropology and Latin American and Caribbean Studies at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.[1] He is well known for his seminal contributions on Inca social and political organization. His early work consisted of a structural analysis of the ceque system. He later extended this approach, based on French and Dutch structuralism, to other aspects of Andean civilization, notably kinship, the Inca calendar and Incaic understanding of astronomy.[2]

Publications (selection)[edit]

  • 1964. The ceque system of Cuzco: the social organization of the capital of the Inca. Trans. Eva M. Hooykaas. Archives Internationales d’Ethnographie 50. Leiden: Brill.
  • 1977. The Inca Calendar. In Native American Astronomy, 1:221-259. Austin: University of Texas Press.
  • 1981. Inca Observations of the Solar and Lunar Passages Through Zenith and Anti- Zenith at Cuzco. In Archaeoastronomy in the Americas, ed. Ray A. Williamson, 319-342. Los Altos: Ballena Press.
  • 1983. “Hierarchy and Space in Incaic Social Organization.” Ethnohistory 30 (2): 49-75.
  • 1990. Inca Civilization in Cuzco. Trans. Jean-Jacques Decoster. Austin: University of Texas Press.
  • 2011a. El Calendario Inca. Tiempo y Espacio en la Organizacion Ritual del Cuzco. La idea del pasado. Lima: Fondo Editorial del Congreso del Peru. pp. 906
  • 2011b. "Chuquibamba Textiles and their Interacting Systems of Notation. In: Their Way of Writing. Scripts, Signs, and Pictographs in Pre-Columbian America. E. Boone and G. Urton, eds. Washington D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks, pp. 251-275.
  • 2014a "Hacer calendarios" en Quipus y Tejidos. Los Numeros y su Rol en el Registro Simultaneo del Orden Sociopolitico y Calendarico Andino en El Cuzco, Chuquibamba y Collaguas. In: Sistemas de notacion Inca: Quipu y Tocapu. Actas del Simposio Internacional, Lima 15-17 de Enero de 2009. Carmen Arellano Hoffman, Editora. Peru, Ministerio de Cultura, Museo Nacional de Arqueologia, Antropologia e Historia del Peru. Proyecto QhapagNan, pp. 397-444


  1. ^ http://www.anthro.illinois.edu/people/rtzuidem. Retrieved July 5, 2011.
  2. ^ Morris, Craig. 2007. Andean Ethnohistory and the Agenda for Inka Archaeology. In Variations in the expression of Inka power: a symposium at Dumbarton Oaks, 18 and 19 October 1997, ed. Richard L. Burger, Craig Morris, and Ramiro Matos Mendieta, 1-10. Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks.

Urton, Gary. "R. Tom Zuidema, Dutch Structuralism, and the Application of the 'Leiden Orientation' to Andean Studies." In Journal of the Steward Anthropological Society, 24, nos. 1 & 2 (1996):1-36.

External links[edit]