R v Basi
|R v Basi|
|Hearing: April 22, 2009
Judgment: November 19, 2009
|Full case name||Her Majesty The Queen v. Udhe Singh (Dave) Basi, Bobby Singh Virk and Aneal Basi|
|Citations||2009 SCC 52,  3 S.C.R. 389|
|Prior history||Judgment for the defence in the British Columbia Court of Appeal|
|A defendant and their counsel may not access information over which informer privilege is claimed until a judge has decided that the privilege does not exist or an exception applies. This may sometimes require a hearing without the defendant or defence counsel present to resolve the issue.|
|Chief Justice: Beverley McLachlin
Puisne Justices: Ian Binnie, Louis LeBel, Marie Deschamps, Morris Fish, Rosalie Abella, Louise Charron, Marshall Rothstein, Thomas Cromwell
|Unanimous reasons by||Fish J.|
|Deschampes and Cromwell JJ. took no part in the consideration or decision of the case.|
R v Basi is a landmark decision by Supreme Court of Canada where the Court weighed the rights of the defendant versus the privileges of an informant in an important trial into alleged government corruption.
On Dec. 6, 2007, British Columbia Supreme Court Justice Elizabeth Bennett ruled against a pre-trial Crown request to exclude defence lawyers from an in-camera hearing on information involving a police informant.
British Columbia Court of Appeal
The British Columbia Court of Appeal split 2-1 in upholding the trial judge's decision. This allowed the defendants' lawyers to be present during a hearing regarding disclosure of documents to the defence that involved a police informant.
Reasons of the court
The Supreme Court of Canada heard the appeal on April 22, 2009. Intervenors were the Director of Public Prosecutions of Canada, Attorney General of Ontario, Canadian Association of Chiefs of Police and Criminal Lawyers’ Association (Ontario).
The unanimous judgment was written by Fish J.
The Court found that where a hearing is required to determine a claim of informer privilege, the hearing must be held ex parte, without the defendant or their counsel present, but only if it is required to keep the informer's identity confidential. The hearing should only be held ex parte as necessary. Trial judges should adopt all reasonable measures to permit defence counsel to make meaningful submissions regarding what occurs in their absence. Trial judges have broad discretion to craft appropriate procedures in this regard.
The court went on to suggest various methods trial judges may adopt to limit the unfairness to a defendant.