|Other names||4-Oxo-2-phenyl-4H-chromene-7,8-diyl bis(methylcarbamate)|
|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||368.345 g·mol−1|
|3D model (JSmol)|
R13 is a small-molecule flavonoid and orally active, potent, and selective agonist of the tropomyosin receptor kinase B (TrkB) – the main signaling receptor for the neurotrophin brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) – which is under development for the potential treatment of Alzheimer's disease. It is a structural modification and prodrug of tropoflavin (7,8-DHF) with improved potency and pharmacokinetics, namely oral bioavailability and duration. The compound is a replacement for the earlier tropoflavin prodrug R7 and has similar properties to it. It was developed because while R7 displayed a good drug profile in animal studies, it showed almost no conversion into tropoflavin in human liver microsomes. In contrast to R7, R13 is readily hydrolyzed into tropoflavin in human liver microsomes.
- Chen C, Wang Z, Zhang Z, Liu X, Kang SS, Zhang Y, Ye K (January 2018). "The prodrug of 7,8-dihydroxyflavone development and therapeutic efficacy for treating Alzheimer's disease". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 115 (3): 578–583. Bibcode:2018PNAS..115..578C. doi:10.1073/pnas.1718683115. PMC 5777001. PMID 29295929.
- US application 20150274692, Keqiang Ye, "7,8-Dihydoxyflavone and 7,8-substituted flavone derivatives, compositions, and methods related thereto", published 2015-10-01, assigned to Emory University
- Liu C, Chan CB, Ye K (2016). "7,8-dihydroxyflavone, a small molecular TrkB agonist, is useful for treating various BDNF-implicated human disorders". Transl Neurodegener. 5: 2. doi:10.1186/s40035-015-0048-7. PMC 4702337. PMID 26740873.
- 7,8-Dihydoxyflavone and 7,8-substituted flavone derivatives, compositions, and methods related thereto (US9975868B2)