R14 (New York City Subway car)

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MTA NYC Subway ACF R14.jpg
Car 5871 (renumbered to 35871) at the 207th St Yard, awaiting cosmetic restoration.
In service 1949-1984
Manufacturer American Car and Foundry Company
Built at Berwick, Pennsylvania, USA
Constructed 1949
Number built 150
Number in service (1 in work service)
Number preserved 1
Number scrapped 148
Fleet numbers 5803–5877 (General Electric)
5878–5952 (Westinghouse)
Capacity 44 (seated)
Operator(s) New York City Subway
Car body construction LAHT Carbon Steel
Car length 51 ft (15.54 m)
Width 8 ft (2,438 mm)
Height 11 ft (3,353 mm)
Platform height 3.76 ft (1.15 m)
Doors 6
Maximum speed 55 mph (89 km/h)
Weight 73,100 lb (33,158 kg)
Traction system Westinghouse XM-179 or General Electric 17KC76A1
Prime mover(s) Westinghouse 1447C or General Electric 1240A3
Power output 100 hp (75 kW)
Braking system(s) WABCO E2 "SMEE" Braking System, A.S.F. simplex unit cylinder clasp (tread) brake
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)

The R14 was a New York City Subway car built in 1949 by the American Car and Foundry Company. They were a "follow-up" or supplemental stock for the A Division's R12s and look exactly the same, with the only difference being the floor patterns.


The R14s were numbered 5803-5952. They were the last cars built with outside door operating apparatus or controls.

While the R14s ran in solid consists on the Flushing line, the cars never did so on the mainlines; they were always intermixed in trains of newer cars and were never placed at the conductor's location.

Delivery of the cars began in August 1949.[1] The first R14s entered service on the 7 (IRT Flushing Line) in September 1949.[2] All 150 cars delivered by January 1950.[3]


The R14s ran on the Flushing Line until the arrival of the R33WFs and R36WFs in late 1963-early 1964. The R14s were then transferred to operate on other A-division routes before being retired and replaced by the R62s in the mid 1980s. The last R14 ran on December 10, 1984. All but 2 cars have since been taken off property to be scrapped; several cars lasted as training vehicles or work cars for many years. For example, eleven R14s were converted into R71 rider cars after retirement, but were ultimately replaced with R161s (R33s converted into rider cars) and subsequently reefed in the mid-2000s.[4]

The two cars that remain today are 5871 and 5944. Car 5944 has been converted to R71 de-icer car RD340. Meanwhile, 5871 (renumbered to 85871 and later 35871), formerly used for fire training, is being held for the New York Transit Museum. The car retains its MTA blue/silver livery paint scheme[5] and has been stored at the 207th Street Yard for many years. However, it is slated to receive only a cosmetic restoration; the car will not be restored to operational status.

See also[edit]