R14 (New York City Subway car)

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R14 (New York City Subway car)
In service 1949-1984
Manufacturer American Car and Foundry Company
Built at Berwick, Pennsylvania, USA
Constructed 1949
Number built 150
Number in service (1 in work service)
Number preserved 1
Number scrapped 148
Fleet numbers 5803–5952
Capacity 44 (seated)
Operator(s) New York City Subway
Car body construction LAHT Carbon Steel
Car length 51 ft (15.54 m)
Width 8 ft (2,438 mm)
Height 11 ft (3,353 mm)
Platform height 3.76 ft (1.15 m)
Doors 6
Maximum speed 55 mph (89 km/h)
Weight 73,100 lb (33,158 kg)
Traction system Westinghouse XM-179 or General Electric 17KC76A1
Prime mover(s) Westinghouse 1447C or General Electric 1240A3
Power output 100 hp (75 kW)
Braking system(s) WABCO E2 "SMEE" Braking System, A.S.F. simplex unit cylinder clasp (tread) brake
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)

The R14 was a New York City Subway car built in 1949 by the American Car and Foundry Company. They were a "follow-up" or supplemental stock for the A Division's R12s and look exactly the same, except for a different floor pattern. These were the last cars built with outside door operating apparatus or controls.

Delivery began in August 1949,[1] with R14s entering service on the 7 (IRT Flushing Line) service in September 1949 [2] with all 150 cars delivered by January 1950.[3] The R14s ran on the Flushing Line there until the arrival of the R33/R36 World's Fair cars in late 1963-early 1964. Afterwards, the R14s were transferred to operate on other A division routes before being retired and replaced by the R62/R62As on December 10, 1984.

While they ran in solid consists on the Flushing line, the R14s never did so on the mainlines, always being intermixed in trains of newer cars and were never placed at the conductor's location.

Preservation and Work Service[edit]

Car 5871, formerly used for fire training. It is now a part of the New York Transit Museum, and is currently at the 207th Street Yard, most likely awaiting restoration but has suffered some fire damage. This car retains its MTA blue/silver livery paint scheme.[4]

Car 5944 has been converted to R71 de-icer car RD340 and is currently at the Westchester Yard.

Eleven R14s were converted into R71 rider cars after retirement, but were replaced with R161s (R33s converted into rider cars) in the mid-2000s.[5]

See also[edit]