R22 (New York City Subway car)
|R22 (New York City Subway car)|
Heavily vandalized R22 car
|Manufacturer||St. Louis Car Company|
|Built at||St. Louis, Missouri|
|Number in service||(16 in work service)|
|Number preserved||2 (1 in storage)|
|Operator(s)||New York City Transit Authority|
|Car body construction||LAHT Carbon steel|
|Car length||51 ft 0.5 in (15.56 m)|
|Width||8 ft 9 in (2,667 mm)|
|Height||11 ft 10 in (3,607 mm)|
|Maximum speed||55 mph (89 km/h)|
|Weight||General Electric cars:
77,607 lb (35,202 kg)
78,604 lb (35,654 kg)
|Traction system||Westinghouse 1447C or General Electric 1240A4|
|Power output||100 hp (75 kW) per traction motor|
|Electric system(s)||600 V DC Third rail|
|Current collection method||Top running Contact shoe|
|Braking system(s)||WABCO ME42A|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)|
The 450 R22s were a "follow-up" or supplemental stock for the "A" Division's R21 car order and look exactly the same, and were the last single cars built prior to the R33 World's Fair cars in 1963-1964. The fleet had two-paned storm door windows that could be opened by dropping down the upper window except for cars 7515-24, which had single drop sash windows instead. Those cars also had Plextone-painted interiors and pink-molded fiberglass seats. The R22s were the first cars to have sealed beam headlights.
The R22s first entered service on April 13, 1957, starting to replace most of the IRT "high voltage" type cars. The R22s ran is service for most of their service lives on the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line painted in green livery.
Cars 7513, 7509, 7516, 7654, 7675 (which was the location of Bernhard Goetz's vigilante action), and 7686, were used as an automatic test train which ran revenue service on the 42nd Street Shuttle starting in January 1962. The experiment ended on April 21, 1964, when a fire partially destroyed the Grand Central Shuttle platform as well as car 7740. Cars 7509, 7513, and 7516 were not damaged in the fire, but never returned to revenue service. In 1973, car 7509 was converted to the 64-foot (19.51 m) test car XC375, which operated on various IRT lines until April 1982. This car was scrapped on July 12, 1996.
Though a very dependable fleet, the R22s, being single units, were not rebuilt, but replaced in the mid-1980s by the R62/R62As. The last train made its final trip on December 30, 1987, on the 5 service with a solid consist of R21s.
Several R22 cars are either preserved, in work service, or in storage:
- 7340, 7446, 7505, 7657, 7659, and 7691 were converted to R123 Continuous Welded Rail Cars.
- 7346, 7376, 7413, 7432, 7571 and 7629 are restored as contract R71 and they are used as reach cars.
- 7371 is at the Seashore Trolley Museum in Kennebunkport, Maine, where it bears number boards from other retired R22 subway cars (7370, 7373, 7435, and 7460).
- 7397, 7441, 7608, and 7633 were converted to R71 De-Icer Cars.
- 7422 is now R95 Revenue Collection Car 1R714 and preserved at the New York Transit Museum. This car is coupled to R21 7194 (renumbered 0R714).
- 7486 is at the 207th Street Yard in storage. This car has been stripped and is currently awaiting scrapping.
In popular culture
- R21 (New York City Subway car) - a very similar model also built by the St. Louis Car Company.
- "IRT Times Square-Grand Central Shuttle". www.nycsubway.org. Retrieved 2012-10-18.
- "The IRT SMEE Fleet (R-12 - R-36)". www.nycsubway.org. Retrieved 2012-10-18.
- "Showing Image 79618". Nycsubway.org. Retrieved 2012-10-18.
- mtattrain No real name given + Add Contact (2010-09-10). "R12 5782 & R22 7486 | Flickr - Photo Sharing!". Flickr. Retrieved 2012-10-18.
- "Showing Image 133737". Nycsubway.org. 2011-11-29. Retrieved 2012-10-18.
Media related to R22 (New York City Subway car) at Wikimedia Commons