R26 (New York City Subway car)

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R26 (New York City Subway car)
In service 1959–2002
Manufacturer American Car and Foundry
Constructed 1959-1960
Scrapped 2001–2002
Number built 110
Number preserved 2
Number scrapped 108
Formation Single unit, 1 cab
Fleet numbers 7750-7859
Capacity 44
Operator(s) New York City Subway
Specifications
Car body construction LAHT carbon steel
Car length 51.04 ft (15.56 m)
Width 8.75 ft (2,667 mm)
Height 11.86 ft (3,615 mm)
Doors 6 per car
Maximum speed 55 mph (89 km/h)
Weight 70,000 lb (32,000 kg)
(post-rebuild)
Traction system General Electric 17KG192B1 (7804-7859 formerly Westinghouse)
Prime mover(s) General Electric 1257F1 or Westinghouse 1447J
Power output 115 hp (86 kW)
Electric system(s) 600 V DC Third rail
Current collection method Contact shoe
Braking system(s) WABCO, "SMEE" (electrodynamic)
Coupling system H2C
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)

The R26 was a New York City Subway car built in 1959–1960 by American Car and Foundry (ACF). They were made for the IRT Division and were the first cars to not be built with operating cabs at both ends. The even-numbered car carried the motor generator and battery set for electrical equipment while the odd numbered car held air compressor for the brakes. A special version of the H2C coupler was used to link the cars so they could easily be split if needed and thus, they were called "semi-permanent pairs." Only the No.1 end had the operator controls. The No.2 end had conductor's controls only. Although referred as the "blind end," these ends did have windows for the conductor. The R26s were the first cars to use single, sealed storm windows since the R14s, and pink colored-molded hard fiberglass seats. The hard fiberglass seats would become standard seating from this order onward for all new cars purchased to cut down on vandalism, and reduce maintenance costs, etc.

The first set of R26/R28s was placed in service on the 6 train on October 12, 1959.

By 1982, all cars in this series have received air conditioning as part of a retrofitting program.

Rebuilt by Morrison Knudsen between 1985 and 1987, these cars were repainted as Redbirds and were the first cars to do so. They re-entered service on the IRT Main Line, particularly the 2 and 5 trains.

Retirements, scrapping and preservation[edit]

As time wore on, heavy service took their toll on these cars. The R142 and R142A cars replaced the R26 fleet in 2001 and 2002, and many cars were stripped to help create the Redbird Reef. They made their last trip on October 24, 2002 on the 5 service.[1]

In 2002, cars 7770-7771 became school cars at Canarsie Yard. This pair was later sent to Concourse Yard and later 207th Street Yard and reefed in September 2009.

Cars 7774-7775 are currently the only surviving R26s and are at Concourse Yard.

Route assignment history[edit]

  • 6 (1959–1966)-All cars
  • 2/4/5 (1966–1976)-General Electric (GE) cars
  • 2/5 (1976–1985)-General Electric (GE) cars
  • 6 (1966–1985)-Westinghouse (WH) cars
  • 7 (1978–1985)-some General Electric (GE) and Westinghouse (WH) cars as a temporary replacement for cars being sent out for air conditioning, overhaul and rebuilding
  • 2/5 (1985–2002)-All cars after overhaul and rebuilding

Note; All cars became General Electric (GE) cars and became permanently paired with link bars after rebuilding.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ George Chiasson, Jr. "A Historic Perspective of the R-26, R-28, and R-29". New York City Subway Resources. Retrieved December 24, 2010.