New York City Subway rolling stock

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The "2007 Holiday Shopper's Special", which ran on December Sundays in 2007, consists of a group of R1, R4, R7A, and R9 cars
The "2007 Holiday Shopper's Special", December Sundays, a train of R1, R4, R7A, and R9 subway cars running in special service at the 23rd Street (Sixth Avenue) station
The empty interior of a newer R142A car on the 4 train
An R142A series car interior in service on the 4 route
A "Vaktrak" vacuuming train
A Vaktrak track vacuuming train[1]

The New York City Subway is a large rapid transit system and has a large fleet of rolling stock.

Total fleet[edit]

As of November 2016, the New York City Subway has 6418 cars on the roster.[2][a] The system maintains two separate fleets of cars: one for the IRT routes, the other for the BMT/IND routes. All BMT/IND equipment is about 10 feet (3.05 m) wide and either 60 feet 6 inches (18.44 m) or 75 feet 6 inches (23.01 m) long whereas IRT equipment is approximately 8 feet 9 inches (2.67 m) wide and 51 feet (15.54 m) long. The A Division and B Division trains operate only in their own division; operating in the other division is not allowed because the IRT sections have narrower tunnel segments, tighter curves, and tighter platform clearances than the BMT/IND sections. IRT Division trains would have an unacceptably large gap between the platform and train if they were allowed in the BMT/IND Division, and BMT/IND trains would not fit in the IRT tunnels and stations. The safety train stop (trip cock) mechanism between divisions is also incompatible, being located on opposite sides of the track and train in each division. Service and maintenance trains are composed of IRT sized cars, do not carry passengers, and can operate on either division as the safety train stop is built on both sides of the trucks. However, all rolling stock, in either A or B Division, runs on the same 4 foot 8.5 inches (1,435 mm) gauge.

There is also a special fleet of BMT/IND cars, used for operation in the BMT Eastern Division, which is the J, L, M and Z trains. The BMT Eastern Division has shorter platforms, so these trains can only use eight 60-foot (18.29 m) long cars. As of June 2013, R32 and R42 married pairs along with R143 and R160A four-car sets are assigned to the BMT Eastern Division. 75-foot (22.86 m) long cars, like the R44s, R46s, R68s, and R68As are not permitted on BMT Eastern Division trackage because of sharper curves.

A typical revenue train consists of 8 to 10 cars, although shuttles can be as short as two, and the 7 runs 11-car trains. Train lengths range from about 150 to 600 feet (46 to 183 m) long. As a general rule, trains on A Division lines inherited from the IRT (designated with numbers, plus the 42nd Street Shuttle) are shorter and narrower than those that operate on B Division lines inherited from BMT/IND (designated with letters).

When the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company entered into agreements to operate some of the new subway lines, they decided to design a new type of car, 10 feet (3.05 m) wide and 67 feet (20.42 m) long. The subject of several patents, the car's larger profile was similar to that of steam railroad coaches, permitting greater passenger capacity, more comfortable seating, and other advantages. The BRT unveiled its design, designated BMT Standard, to the public in 1913 and received such wide acceptance that all future subway lines, whether built for the BRT, the IRT or eventually, the IND, were built to handle the wider cars.

When the R44s and R46s were rebuilt, the rollsigns on the side of the cars were replaced with electronic LCD signs while the front service sign remained as a rollsign. In sharp contrast, the rebuilt R32s and R38s retained rollsigns on the sides, but an LCD display was placed in the front. The MTA has been incorporating newer subway cars into its stock in the past decade. Since 1999, the R142s, R142As, R143s, R160s, and R188s have been added into service.[3][4] All cars built since 1992, (including the now out-of-service R110As and R110Bs) are equipped with digital signs on the front, sides, and interior (except for the R110B, which had rollsigns on the front).

Old cars, some from the original companies (IRT and BMT), are preserved at the New York Transit Museum, while others have been sold to private individuals, rail and trolley museums.

Between 1984 and 1989 some of the IRT trains were painted red, giving them the name Redbirds.[b] By September 2010, many older BMT/IND cars (most R32s, all R38s, all R40s, all R40As, almost all R42s, and almost all R44s) were also retired and replaced with the R160s.

General Overhaul Program[edit]

The General Overhaul Program (GOH) was a mid-life overhaul program for neglected subway cars which involved thorough rebuilding of the fleet. Since the completion of the GOH program, the new Scheduled Maintenance System (SMS) program has replaced the GOH program by ensuring that trains do not reach a state in which they would need such an overhaul. The car types which were part of the MTA NYCT GOH program are the IRT Redbirds (R26, R28, R29, R33, R33 WF, R36, R36 WF), as well as IND/BMT cars (R30 GE, R32, R38, R40, R40A, R42, R44 and R46). These cars were rebuilt between 1985 and 1992. Some cars in various classes from R10 to R46 were also given lighter overhauls during this period.

"R"-prefixed orders[edit]

Cars purchased by the City of New York since the inception of the IND and for the other divisions beginning in 1948 are identified by the letter "R" followed by a number; e.g.: R32. This number is the contract number under which the cars were purchased. Cars with nearby contract numbers (e.g.: R1 through R9, or R21 through R36 WF, or R143 through R160B) may be virtually identical, simply being purchased under different contracts.

The New York City Board of Transportation settled on a system of documentation that is still in place under MTA New York City Transit. This included a prefix letter or letters that indicated the Department that the specific documentation, followed by a series of numbers of a length defined by the specific department concerned. For example, the Surface Department used the letter "S", while the Rapid Transit Department used the letter "R". A new R- number is assigned for any vehicle purchase involving a bidding process. Since the 1970s, the system has suffered from "R- inflation" going through only 46 R- numbers in its first 40 years, but over 114 in its subsequent 30. Possible reasons include an increased number of specialized maintenance vehicles that were previously made in house or a lower floor for requiring a formal bidding process in order to reduce waste and abuse.[citation needed]

Disposal at sea[edit]

Retired subway cars being transported to the ocean, where they will be dropped into the water to create an artificial reef

In 2001, the New York City Transit Authority started disposing of retired subway cars by dumping them at sea to create artificial reefs, with the intention of promoting marine life. This option was chosen because it was less expensive than removing asbestos from the cars; the asbestos was determined to not be a hazard in the ocean.[5] Further, the artificial reefs would provide environmental and economic benefits, such as providing shelter for marine animals and creating new fishing opportunities. The first reef constructed was Redbird Reef in Delaware. Eventually, multiple states received retired subway cars for reefs.[6] The program was discontinued in 2010, after more than 2,500 cars were reefed, because newer cars contained more plastic, which was too expensive to economically remove before reefing.[7][8]

Current fleet[edit]

Contract # Division Year Built Builder Car
Length[c]
Car
Width
Photo Fleet numbers
(Total ordered)
CBTC Assigned Services Yard
assignment
Notes
R32/R32A B 1964 Budd Company 60 feet (18.29 m) 10 feet (3.05 m) MTA NYC Subway J train leaving Lorimer St..JPG
  • R32A: 3350–3649
  • R32: 3650–3949
    (600 total, 222 left in revenue service)
No "A" train – 10 cars (1 train; AM rush)
 – 20 cars (2 trains; PM rush)
"C" train – 64 cars (8 trains, AM rush)
 – 56 cars (7 trains, PM rush)
"J" train "Z" train – 96 cars (12 trains)
  • Married pairs; even numbered cars have motor generator and battery, odd numbered cars have air compressor.
  • Mismatched pairs common due to losses from accidents.
  • First production cars made out of stainless steel.
  • Many cars have been retired and replaced by R160A/R160B car orders - retirement of remaining cars postponed to facilitate retirement of the R44s.[9][10]
R42 B 1969-1970 St. Louis Car
Company
60 feet (18.29 m) 10 feet (3.05 m) MTA NYC Subway J train leaving Myrtle Ave.jpg 4550–4949
(400 total, 50 left in revenue service)
No "J" train "Z" train – 40 cars (5 trains)
  • Married pairs; even numbered cars have motor generator and battery, odd numbered cars have air compressor.
  • Many cars have been retired and replaced by R160A/R160B car orders - retirement of remaining cars postponed to facilitate retirement of the R44s.
R44 B 1971-1973 St. Louis Car
Company
75 feet (22.86 m) 10 feet (3.05 m) MTA Staten Island Railway local train at Oakwood Heights.jpg
  • 388–435
  • 436–466 (even
    numbers only)
    (352 total, 62 left in revenue service)
No Staten Island Railway – 62 cars (15 trains)
  • Clifton
  • Single cars; even numbered cars ("A" cars) have single full-width cabs, odd numbered cars ("B" cars) have blind ends.
  • New York City Subway car numbers were originally 100–387 and renumbered 5202–5479 (see retired fleet section).
R46 B 1975-1978 Pullman Company 75 feet (22.86 m) 10 feet (3.05 m) NYCSubway6028.jpg
  • 5482–6207
    (4-car sets)
  • 6208–6258
    (even numbers only)
    (754 total, 752 in service)
No "A" train – 296 cars (37 trains)
"F" train – 56 cars (7 trains)
"R" train – 240 cars (30 trains)
Rockaway Park Shuttle – 12 cars (3 trains)
  • Even numbered cars have single full-width cabs, and are known as "A" cars
  • Odd numbered cars have blind ends, and are known as "B" cars.
  • Most cars are in A-B-B-A configuration as 4-car sets.
  • Higher numbered cars are in A-A configuration (6208–6258), with one pair being an A-B (6206–6207).
  • Car numbers were originally 500–1227 and 1228–1278 even numbers only.
  • Two cars (941 & 1054) scrapped prior to General Overhaul.
R62 A 1983-1985 Kawasaki Heavy
Industries
51.04 feet (15.56 m) 8 feet 9 inches (2.67 m) NYCSubway1551.jpg 1301–1625
(325 total, 315 in service)
No "1" train – 10 cars (1 train)
"3" train – 250 cars (25 trains)
  • Originally single cars, now 5-car sets.
  • 10 cars (1366-1370, 1435-1437, 1439-1440) retired.
    • 1366-1370 were retired in 2000, due to an accident. Car 1369 was scrapped in 2005. Car 1366 and half of car 1370 are at the FDNY Randalls Island training center. Cars 1367 and 1368 were reefed in February 2008.
    • 1435-1437 & 1439-1440 were 5 of the 10 cars involved in the Union Square wreck in 1991. 1438 now part of a 5-car set with 1431-1434.
R62A A 1984-1987 Bombardier Transportation 51.04 feet (15.56 m) 8 feet 9 inches (2.67 m) 1 subway train (R62A) at 125th St station, Manhattan.jpg 1651–2475
(825 total, 824 in service)
No "1" train – 310 cars (31 trains)
"6" train – 360 cars (36 trains)
"7" train – 22 cars (2 trains)
42nd Street Shuttle – 10 cars (3 trains)
  • Originally single cars, 1901-1960 still mostly singles, all other cars in 5-car sets.
    • 1651-1900, 2156-2475, and select 1900s, 2000s, and lower 2100s (up to 2155) have full-width cabs at ends of sets.
  • 1909 is retired.
R68 B 1986-1988 Westinghouse Electric
Corporation

& AMRail
75 feet (22.86 m) 10 feet (3.05 m) NYCSubway2590.jpg 2500–2924
(425 total)
No "B" train – 40 cars (5 trains, AM rush)
 – 32 cars (4 trains, PM rush)
"D" train – 232 cars (29 trains, AM rush)
 – 216 cars (27 trains, PM rush)
"G" train – 52 cars (13 trains)
"N" train "W" train – 24 cars (3 trains)
Franklin Avenue Shuttle – 4 cars (2 trains)
  • Originally single cars, 2500–2915 are now in 4-car sets.
  • 2916–2924 are singles used for the Franklin Avenue Shuttle.
R68A B 1988-1989 Kawasaki Heavy
Industries
75 feet (22.86 m) 10 feet (3.05 m) R68A B train.JPG 5001–5200
(200 total)
No "A" train – 8 cars (1 train, PM rush)
"B" train – 160 cars (20 trains, AM rush)
 – 152 cars (19 trains, PM rush)
  • Originally single cars, now 4-car sets.
R142 A 1999-2003 Bombardier
Transportation
51.04 feet (15.56 m) 8 feet 9 inches (2.67 m) NYCSubway6476.jpg 1101–1250,
6301–7180
(1030 total)
No "2" train – 340 cars (34 trains)
"4" train – 220 cars (22 trains)
"5" train – 340 cars (34 trains)
  • Cars ending in 1, 5, 6 and 0 have single full-width cabs, and are known as "A" cars.
  • Cars ending in 2, 3, 4, 7, 8 and 9 have no cabs, and are known as "B" cars.
  • All cars are sequentially numbered in A-B-B-B-A configuration as 5-car sets.
R142A A 1999-2004 Kawasaki Heavy
Industries
51.04 feet (15.56 m) 8 feet 9 inches (2.67 m) NYCT R142A.jpg 7591–7810
(220 total)
No "4" train – 130 cars (13 trains)
"6" train – 30 cars (3 trains, AM rush)
 – 40 cars (4 trains, PM rush)
  • Cars ending in 1, 5, 6 and 0 have single full-width cabs, and are known as "A" cars.
  • Cars ending in 2, 3, 4, 7, 8 and 9 have no cabs, and are known as "B" cars.
  • All cars are sequentially numbered in A-B-B-B-A configuration as 5-car sets.
  • Original order was 7211-7810; 380 cars (38 trainsets, 7211-7590) converted to R188 between 2011 & 2015 for the IRT Flushing Line.[11]
R143 B 2001-2003 Kawasaki Heavy
Industries
60 feet (18.29 m) 10 feet (3.05 m) Manhattan bound R143 L train at New Lots.jpg 8101–8312
(212 total, 208 in service)
Yes "L" train – 168 cars (21 trains, AM rush)
 – 152 cars (19 trains, PM rush)
  • All cars are sequentially numbered in A-B-B-A configuration as 4-car sets.
  • The cars whose numbers, when divided by 4, give a remainder of 0 or 1, are "A" cars. Cars whose numbers give a remainder of 2 or 3 when divided by 4 are "B" cars.
  • "A" cars have single full-width cabs, "B" cars have no cabs.
  • Four cars (8277–8280) taken out of service in 2006 due to bumper block overshoot incident.
R160A B 2005-2010 Alstom Transportation 60 feet (18.29 m) 10 feet (3.05 m) NYC Subway 8524 on the J.jpg 8313–8652,
9943–9974
(4-car sets)
(372 cars, of 1662 total)
8313-8380 only "C" train – 80 cars (10 trains)
"J" train "Z" train – 40 cars (5 trains)
"L" train – 24 cars (3 trains, AM rush)
 – 16 cars (2 trains, PM rush)
"M" train – 184 cars (23 trains, AM rush)
 – 176 cars (22 trains, PM rush)
  • All car sets are sequentially numbered. "A" cars have single full-width cabs, "B" cars have no cabs.
  • Sets are in A-B-B-A configuration as 4-car sets.
R160A B 2005-2010 Alstom Transportation 60 feet (18.29 m) 10 feet (3.05 m) MTA NYC Subway F train arriving at Avenue P.JPG 8653–9942
(5-car sets)[12]
(1290 cars, of 1662 total)
No "E" train – 260 cars (26 trains)
"F" train – 230 cars (23 trains)
"Q" train – 70 cars (7 trains)
  • All car sets are sequentially numbered. "A" cars have single full-width cabs, "B" cars have no cabs.
    • Cars ending in 3, 7, 8. and 2 are "A" cars.
    • Cars ending in 4, 5, 6, 9, 0. and 1 are "B" cars.
  • Sets are in A-B-B-B-A configuration as 5-car sets.
  • 260 cars (8843-9102) have Siemens SITRAC AC traction motors.
R160B B 2005-2010 Kawasaki Heavy
Industries
60 feet (18.29 m) 10 feet (3.05 m) NYC Subway 8958 on the W.jpg No "F" train – 140 cars (14 trains)
"N" train "W" train – 300 cars (30 trains)
"Q" train – 140 cars (14 trains)
R179 B 2016-2018 Bombardier
Transportation
60 feet (18.29 m) 10 feet (3.05 m) NYC Subway Bombardier R179 at Rockaway BLVD.jpg 3010-3309
(300 cars)
No N/A N/A
  • Cars in 4-car and 5-car sets.
  • 3010-3019, 3050-3065 delivered as of April 2017
  • To replace all remaining R42s and some R32s
  • Expected full delivery by July 2018
R188 A 2011-2015 Kawasaki Heavy Industries 51.04 feet (15.56 m) 8 feet 9 inches (2.67 m) R188 7 train.jpg 7211–7590,
7811–7936
(506 total)
Yes "7" train – 374 cars (34 trains)
363 cars (33 trains)
  • Cars in 5-car and 6-car sets for IRT Flushing Line service.
  • Order consists of a combination of 126 new cars & R142A conversions by the manufacturer, totaling 380 car conversions.[11][13]
  • 7811-7821 entered 30-day revenue testing as of November 9, 2013 and completed on December 9, 2013.[14]
  • Conversion sets numbered 7211-7590 are numbered as follows:
    • Cars ending in 0, 1, 5, and 6 are "A" cars.
    • Cars ending in 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, and 9 are "B" cars.
  • Cars 7811-7898 are eight new 11-car trains, with cars sequentially numbered.
    • The cars whose four-digit numbers that, when divided by 11, give a remainder of 0, 1, 5, and 6, are "A" cars.
    • The other cars are "B" cars.
  • Cars 7899-7936 are "C" cars that were inserted into converted R142A sets in order to form 6-car sets.

Track geometry car[edit]

There are four track geometry cars on the New York City Subway that measure the system's track geometry to ensure that safe train operation is maintained. The cars are numbered #TGC1-TGC4. TGC1 was ordered under contract R59 in 1984 for $1.4 million.[15] The other three were ordered under contract R63 and cost $2.5 million.[16][17] The cars use sensors, measuring systems, and data management systems to get a profile of the tracks. The train crew consists of two track equipment maintainers, one maintenance supervisor, and two to three engineers. The trains typically operate during off-peak weekday daytime hours so as to not interfere more frequent rush hour service. A single car weighs 45 tons and cost $2.5 million.[17] The cars measure:

  • Alignment - "Alignment is the projection of the track geometry of each rail or the track center line onto the horizontal plane," (FRA Definition).[18] Also known as the "straightness" of the tracks.
  • Crosslevel - The variation in cant of the track over the length of a predetermined "chord" length (generally 62 feet or 18.90 meters). On straight or tangent track, ideally there should be no variation, while on curves, a cant is generally desired.
  • Curvature - The amount by which the rail deviates from being straight or tangent. The geometry car checks the actual curvature (in Degree of curvature) of a curve versus its design curvature.
  • Rail gauge - The distance between the rails. Over time, rail may become too wide or too narrow. In North America and most of the world, standard gauge is 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm).
  • Rail profile - Looks for rail wear and deviations from standard profile.
  • Warp - The maximum change in crosslevel over a predetermined chord length (generally sixty-two feet).[19]
  • Corrugation of running rail surface
  • Tunnel and station platform clearances
  • Third rail height and gauge
  • Vertical gap between third rail and protective board[20]

The track geometry car typically checks each stretch of track about 6 times a year; the car is manually operated, and there are no plans to automate inspection of the track geometry, which is done manually with the help of high-tech equipment aboard the car.[21]

Future fleet[edit]

Contract # Division Builder
Year To Be Built
Total Photo
(rendering)
Notes
R211 B TBA

Late 2010s-Early 2020s

1025 cars (950 for New York City Subway; 75 for Staten Island Railway)[22] R211 Exterior Design.jpg To replace all remaining R32s, all the remaining R44s (SIR) and possibly all the R46s, and to expand the fleet for the Second Avenue Subway. CBTC-equipped. At least 10 cars to feature open gangways.

In addition, 168 additional cars are proposed to be built and provided for service on the E, G, L, and N services between 2015 and 2019; the contract number for these growth cars is still unknown, and it is unknown if such cars would be delivered before 2019. However, it is expected that these "new" cars could be cars displaced from other services after the R179s are delivered, as some of the R32s (which were originally planned to be replaced completely by the R179s) will not be replaced until the R211 order is delivered.[23]:35–36

Retired fleet[edit]

IRT Pre-Unification listing[edit]

Designation Year built Division Builder Fleet total Car numbers Year
retired
Denotes
Composite 1903–1904 IRT Jewett,
St. Louis Car,
Stephenson,
Wason
500 2000–2159,
3000–3339
1916
1950
2000–2159: Non-powered Trailers only
Retired from Subway service in 1916;
re-equipped with lightweight trucks and components; and continued in elevated service until 1950.
Hi-V "Gibbs" 1904–1905 IRT American Car & Foundry 300 3350–3649 1959
Hi-V "Deck Roof" 1907–1908 IRT American Car & Foundry 50 3650–3699 1959
Hi-V "Hedley" 1910–1911 IRT American Car & Foundry,
Standard Steel,
Pressed Steel
325 ACF: 3700–3809,
SS: 3810–3849,
PS: 3850–4024
1959
Hi-V "Hedley" 1915 IRT Pullman 292 4223–4514 1959 Non-powered Trailers only;
4223–4250 in their last years were motorized as blind motors with no controls.
Lo-V "Flivver" 1915 IRT Pullman 178 4037–4160,
4161–4214
1962 Were built with the original trucks and electrical components removed from the Composites.
Lo-V "Steinway" 1915–1916 IRT Pullman 110 4025–4036,
4215–4222,
4555–4576,
4700–4770
Equipped with special gearing for the steep grades of the Steinway Tunnels.
Lo-V 1916–1917 IRT Pullman 695 4515–4554,
4577–4699,
4771–4810,
4811–4965,
4966–5302
4515–4554 and 4811–4965: Non-powered Trailers only
Lo-V 1922 IRT Pullman 100 5303–5377,
5378–5402
Non-powered Trailers only;
5303–5377 equipped with air compressors for brakes
Lo-V 1924–1925 IRT American Car & Foundry 225 5403–5627 1964
Lo-V "Steinway" 1925 IRT American Car & Foundry 25 5628–5652 Equipped with special gearing for the steep grades of the Steinway Tunnels.
Lo-V "World's Fair" 1938 IRT St. Louis Car 50 5653–5702

BMT Pre-Unification listing[edit]

Designation Year built Division Builder Fleet
total
Car numbers Year
retired
Denotes
AB Standard 1914–1919 BMT American Car & Foundry 600 2000–2599 1969
AB Standard 1920–1922 BMT Pressed Steel 300 2600–2899 1969
AB Standard 1924 BMT Pressed Steel 50 4000–4049 1961 Non-powered Trailers only
BMT-SIRT (ME-1) 1925 SIR, BMT Standard Steel 25 2900–2924 1961 25 motor cars purchased from the Staten Island Railway in 1954.
D-type Triplex 1925–1928 BMT Pressed Steel 121 6000–6120 1965
Green Hornet 1934 BMT Pullman 1 7003 1942 Experimental unit; scrapped in 1942 for the war.
Zephyr 1934 BMT Budd 1 7029 1954 Experimental unit
Multi 1936 BMT St. Louis Car 10 7004–7013 1961
Multi 1936 BMT Pullman 15 7014–7028 1961
Bluebird 1938, 1940 BMT Clark 6 8000–8005 1957

R-type listing[edit]

A R33 Redbird car
Contract # Year built Division Builder Fleet
total
Car numbers Year
retired
R1 1930–1931 IND American Car & Foundry 300 100–399 1977
R4 1932–1933 IND American Car & Foundry 500 400–899 1977
R-6-3 1935–1936 IND American Car & Foundry 250 900–1149 1977
R-6-2 1936 IND Pullman 150 1150–1299 1977
R-6-1 1936 IND Pressed Steel 100 1300–1399 1977
R7 1937 IND American Car & Foundry,

Pullman

150 ACF: 1400–1474,
Pullman: 1475–1549
1977
R7A 1938 IND American Car & Foundry,

Pullman

100 Pullman: 1550–1599,
ACF: 1600–1649
1977
R9 1940 IND,

BMT

American Car & Foundry,

Pressed Steel

153 ACF: 1650–1701,
PS: 1702–1802
1977
R10 1948–1949 IND,

BMT

American Car & Foundry 400 1803–1852,
3000–3349
1989
Car number series selected to bracket the Pre-Unification BMT number series 1853–2999.
Cars 1803–1852 were renumbered as 2950–2999 in 1970.
R11 1949 BMT,

IND

Budd 10 8010–8019 1977
Number series selected to continue from the Pre-unification BMT number series.
Test trains, rebuilt into R34 cars in 1965.
R12 1948 IRT American Car & Foundry 100 5703–5802 1981
Car Number series selected to continue from the Pre-unification IRT number series.
Rollsigns displayed Post-unification IRT number series, first introduced in 1948.
R14 1949 IRT American Car & Foundry 150 5803–5952 1984
R15 1950 IRT American Car & Foundry 100 5953–5999,
6200–6252
1984
R16 1955 BMT,

IND

American Car & Foundry 200 6300–6499 1987
R17 1955–1956 IRT St. Louis Car 400 6500–6899 1988
R21 1956 IRT St. Louis Car 250 7050–7299 1987
R22 1957 IRT St. Louis Car 450 7300–7749 1987
R26 1959–1960 IRT American Car & Foundry 110 7750–7859 2002
Married pairs
Even numbered cars have motor-generator and battery, Odd numbered cars have air compressor.
R27 1960–1961 IND,

BMT

St. Louis Car 230 8020–8249 1990
Married pairs
Even numbered cars have motor-generator and battery, Odd numbered cars have air compressor.
R28 1960–1961 IRT American Car & Foundry 100 7860–7959 2002
Married pairs
Even numbered cars have motor-generator and battery, Odd numbered cars have air compressor.
R29 1962 IRT St. Louis Car 236 8570–8805 2002
Married pairs
Even numbered cars have motor-generator and battery, Odd numbered cars have air compressor.
R30/A 1961–1962 IND,

BMT

St. Louis Car 320 R30: 8250–8351

R30A: 8352–8411
R30: 8412–8569

1993
Married pairs
Even numbered cars have motor-generator and battery, Odd numbered cars have air compressor.
R33 1962–1963 IRT St. Louis Car 500 8806–9305 2003
Married pairs
Even numbered cars have motor-generator and battery, Odd numbered cars have air compressor.
R33 WF 1963 IRT St. Louis Car 40 9306–9345 2003
single cars, built for IRT Flushing Line
some now in work service
R34 see R11
R36 1963–1964 IRT St. Louis Car 34 9524–9557 2003
Married pairs
Even numbered cars have motor-generator and battery, Odd numbered cars have air compressor.
R36 WF 1963–1964 IRT St. Louis Car 390 9346–9523,
9558–9769
2003
Married pairs
Even numbered cars have motor-generator and battery, Odd numbered cars have air compressor.
R38 1966–1967 IND,

BMT

St. Louis Car 200 3950–4149 2009
Married pairs
Even numbered cars have motor-generator and battery, Odd numbered cars have air compressor.
R39 Never built IRT,

BMT

Intended to replace old equipment running on the BMT Myrtle Avenue Line in Brooklyn and the IRT Third Avenue Line in The Bronx
Would have been built to IRT dimensions of the R38 and ordered in the late 1960s or early 1970s
Order scrapped when the Myrtle Avenue Line south of the junction with the BMT Jamaica Line was discontinued in 1969 and the remaining Third Avenue Line in 1973
The Budd Company used a possible outline of this car as U.S. Patent 3,151,538.
R40 1968–
1969
IND,

BMT

St. Louis Car Company 200 4150–4349 2009
Slanted ends, married pairs
Even numbered cars have motor generator and battery, Odd numbered cars have air compressor
Car numbers were originally 4150–4249, 4350–4449
R40A 1968–1969 IND,

BMT

St. Louis Car
Company
200 4350–4549 2009
Married pairs
Even numbered cars have motor generator and battery, odd numbered cars have air compressor
Car numbers were originally 4250–4349 (modified),[24] 4450–4549 (slant)[25]
R44 (NYCT cars) 1971-1973 IND,

BMT

St. Louis Car
Company
288 5202-5479 (renumbered from 100-387) 2010 (NYCT cars)
4-car sets (A-B-B-A) formation. A cars have cabs on one end, while B cars have no cabs. Car numbers were originally 100-387.
R55 Never built IND,

BMT

The R55 was a proposed car[26] for the B Division (IND/BMT).
It was considered in the early 1980s, but never left the drawing board.
This order later evolved into the future R68.
R110A 1992 IRT Kawasaki 10 8001–8010 1999
(Built as Contract R130)
New Technology demonstrator
Cars ending in 1, 5, 6 and 0 have single full-width cabs, and are known as "A" cars.
Cars ending in 2, 3, 4, 7, 8 and 9 have no cabs, and are known as "B" cars.
All cars are sequentially numbered in A-B-B-B-A configuration as 5-car sets.

As of 2014, cars 8001, 8005-8006, and 8010 are stored at 207th Street Yard. Cars 8002-8004 and 8007-8009 were converted into flood pump cleanup cars in 2013.

R110B 1992 IND,

BMT

Bombardier 9 3001–3009 2000
(Built as Contract R131)
New Technology demonstrator, 67-foot (20 m) car
Cars ending in 1, 3, 4, 6, 7 and 9 have single full-width cabs, and are known as "A" cars.
Cars ending in 2, 5 and 8 have no cabs, and are known as "B" cars.
All cars are sequentially numbered in A-B-A configuration as 3-car sets.
As of 2015, cars 3002–3003, 3007, and 3009 are stored at 207th Street Yard. The other five are used for training at various facilities.

Miscellaneous[edit]

The Train of Many Colors in 2008, during the last game at Shea Stadium in Queens
The "Train of Many Colors" makes another appearance on the 7 train in 2008, commemorating the last game at Shea Stadium
  • Air conditioning is standard on all cars R42 and later. R38s 4140-49 and R40s 4350–4549 were also delivered with A/C, and all cars not equipped with A/C from classes R26-R40 (With the exception of the R27, R30, and R33WF) were later retrofitted with A/C. All active cars are equipped with air conditioning and cars with malfunctioning air conditioning are not supposed to be put into service.[27]
  • During World War II, a group of old New York elevated line cars dating from the late 19th century was sent west to the San Francisco Bay Area by the United States Maritime Commission for use by the Shipyard Railway, a temporary wartime electric line transporting workers to the Kaiser Shipyards. After the war, most were sold to be used as units in a local motel, but their whereabouts afterwards is unknown. Two of them however were acquired and have been restored by the Western Railway Museum in Rio Vista, California.[28]
  • There are many examples of rolling stock built under contract which are not intended for revenue service, such as the R95 money train, R127/R134 garbage train and R156 work locomotive.[29]
  • The table below shows what year the TA had expected to retire several car models in 1981.[30]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ See:
  2. ^ Redbirds are R26, R27, R28, R29, R30, R33, and R36. All of these cars were replaced by more modern subway trains (R142/R142As) between 2000 and 2003, though many R33 cars are still in use as work trains. Sometimes the term "Redbird" would also be used on the R27 and R30 cars as they were repainted Gunn red during the late 1980s and early 1990s before their retirement in 1993. These were known as the BMT Redbirds.
  3. ^ Most IND/BMT (B Division) cars are 60 feet (18.3 m) long unless noted; all IRT (A Division) cars are 51 feet (15.5 m).
  4. ^ The New York City Subway R44s were retired in 2010. The Staten Island Railway R44s are still in service.

References[edit]

  1. ^ more photos at http://www.nycsubway.org/wiki/R-137_Vacuum_Train
  2. ^ "New York City Subway Car Fleet Jan 2012 through January 2016". TheJoeKorner. Retrieved February 6, 2016. 
  3. ^ "R160A in service on N". 
  4. ^ "R160B in service on N". 
  5. ^ Kennedy, Randy (August 22, 2001). "End of Line for Subway Cars: The Ocean Floor". New York Times. Retrieved February 6, 2016. 
  6. ^ Urbina, Ian (April 8, 2008). "Growing Pains for a Deep-Sea Home Built of Subway Cars". New York Times. Retrieved February 6, 2016. 
  7. ^ Parke, Phoebe (February 26, 2015). "Dumping subway trains into the ocean ... in a good way". CNN. Retrieved February 6, 2016. 
  8. ^ "For Subway Cars, the Final Trip". New York Times. May 15, 2011. Retrieved February 6, 2016. 
  9. ^ "R32 3422 awaiting final disposal at 207th Street Yard" Retrieved on April 16, 2008
  10. ^ "R32 3573 awaiting final disposal at 207th Street Yard" Retrieved on April 16, 2008
  11. ^ a b http://i42.tinypic.com/r2oqb8.jpg
  12. ^ "R160A & R160B Car Numbers" Retrieved on May 4, 2008
  13. ^ Page 32 (Footnotes)
  14. ^ "MTA - news - New Subway Cars Being Put to the Test". mta.info. 
  15. ^ Levine, Richard (February 13, 1987). "A SUBWAY WALKER SEARCHES THE LABYRINTH FOR PROBLEMS". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 3, 2017. 
  16. ^ "www.nycsubway.org: Track Geometry and Inspection Cars". www.nycsubway.org. Retrieved April 3, 2017. 
  17. ^ a b Kennedy, Randy (February 19, 2004). Subwayland: Adventures in the World Beneath New York. Macmillan. ISBN 9780312324346. 
  18. ^ Track Safety Standards Compliance Manual. Federal Railroad Administration, 2009. Print, Web. Track Safety Standards Compliance Manual
  19. ^ Uzarski, Dr. Don. CEE 409 - Railroad Track Engineering, Class Notes. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2009. Print.
  20. ^ "MTA | news | New York City Transit's Wonder Train Car!". www.mta.info. Retrieved April 3, 2017. 
  21. ^ Adam Clark Estes. "This Superheroic Train Keeps New York City's Subway Safe". Gizmodo. Gawker Media. 
  22. ^ "MTA Capital Program Oversight Committee Meeting: January 2016" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. January 2016. Retrieved January 23, 2016. 
  23. ^ "MTA Twenty-Year Capital Needs Assessment 2015-2034" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. October 2013. Retrieved August 11, 2015. 
  24. ^ "Showing Image 5292". nycsubway.org. 
  25. ^ "Showing Image 12845". nycsubway.org. 
  26. ^ "Roster Summary By Type". Retrieved August 25, 2009. 
  27. ^ Jaffe, Eric (August 15, 2012). "A Brief History of Air-Conditioning on the New York Subway". The Atlantic Cities. Retrieved August 15, 2012. 
  28. ^ "Richmond Shipyard Railway 1943–1945" Retrieved on April 16, 2008 Archived July 21, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  29. ^ "www.nycsubway.org". www.nycsubway.org. 
  30. ^ "www.nycsubway.org". www.nycsubway.org. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]