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R62A (New York City Subway car)

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R62A
MTA NYC Subway 1 train leaving 125th St.jpg
An R62A train on the 1 leaving 125th Street
MTA NYC Subway R62A interior.jpg
Interior of an R62A car
In service1985-present
ManufacturerBombardier Transportation
Built atLa Pocatière, Quebec; Auburn, New York; Barre, Vermont (final assembly)
Family nameSMEE
Replaced
Constructed1984–1987
Entered serviceMay 29, 1985 (under CAP)
Refurbished1996–1999[1] (modified from single cars to 5-car sets; cars 1651–1900 & 2156–2475 only)
2017–2020 (42nd Street shuttle cars)
Number built825
Number in service824 (692 in revenue service during rush hours)
Number scrapped1
SuccessorR262
Formation5-car sets (1651–1905, 1961–2475, select cars from 1906–1960)
Single units, 6-car sets (other cars from 1906–1960)
Fleet numbers1651–2475
Capacity42 (A car, full-width cab at one end, half width cab at other end)
44 (B car, half-width cabs at both ends)
Operator(s)New York City Subway
Depot(s)240th Street Yard (365 cars)
Livonia Yard (24 cars)
Pelham Yard (435 cars)[2][3]
Service(s) assigned"1" train – 310 cars (31 trains)
"6" train – 370 cars (37 trains)
42nd Street Shuttle – 12 cars (2 trains)[4][5]
Assignments as of December 19, 2021
Specifications
Car body constructionStainless steel with fiberglass end bonnets
Train length6-car train: 306.24 feet (93.34 m)
10-car train: 510.4 feet (155.6 m)
Car length51.04 feet (15.56 m)
Width8.60 feet (2,621 mm)
Height11.89 feet (3,624 mm)
Platform height3.65 ft (1.11 m)
Doors6 sets of 50 inch wide side doors per car
Maximum speed55 mph (89 km/h)
Weight75,550 lb (34,270 kg)
Traction systemAdtranz E-Cam propulsion with 4 Westinghouse 1447J motors per car
Power output115 hp (85.8 kW) per axle
Acceleration2.5 mph/s (4.0 km/(h⋅s))
Deceleration3.0 mph/s (4.8 km/(h⋅s)) (Full Service)
3.2 mph/s (5.1 km/(h⋅s)) (Emergency)
AuxiliariesSAFT NIFE PR80F Battery
SAFT SMT8 Battery
Electric system(s)625 V DC Third rail
Current collection methodContact shoe
Braking system(s)NYAB GSX23 Newtran “COBRA SMEE” Braking System
NYAB Tread Brake Unit
Safety system(s)emergency brakes
Coupling systemWestinghouse H2C
Headlight typeHalogen light bulb
Track gauge4 ft 8+12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge

The R62A is a New York City Subway car model built between 1984 and 1987 by Bombardier Transportation for the A Division. The cars were built in La Pocatière, Quebec, with final assembly done in Auburn, New York and Barre, Vermont, under a license from Kawasaki Heavy Industries, manufacturer of the previous R62 order. A total of 825 cars were built, arranged as sets of three, four, or five cars per set. The cars replaced the remaining R17s, R21s, and R22s, which were all retired by early 1988.[6][7][8]

The R62As were a follow-up order to the R62 order from 1981, and the second order of stainless steel cars for the "A" Division. The contract had been given to Bombardier due to Kawasaki's refusal to build the additional cars under a separate order. The first R62As entered service on May 29, 1985, and all were delivered by 1988. The R62As are scheduled to remain in service until 2026–2028, when they will be replaced with the R262s.

Description

R62A LED destination sign set to a green circle (for local trains)
R62A LED destination sign set to a red diamond (for express trains)
R62A LED destination sign set to a green circle (above, for local trains) and a red diamond (below, for express trains)

The R62As are numbered 1651–2475. Like the R62 order from Kawasaki Heavy Industries, the R62A was made of stainless steel and had air conditioning. A graffiti-resistant glaze was applied to all of the cars because of the extensive graffiti tagging of nearly all of the subway cars in the system since 1971. They continued a controversial interior design by employing bucket seating, which was very narrow, with each seat being about 17 inches (430 mm) wide. This reduced the number of seats per car when compared to standard bench seating, but allowed for higher standing capacity.

The cars were originally single cars with functioning half-width cabs at both ends, but were eventually linked into sets with full-width cabs at each end; however, all cars retain intermediate half-width cabs in the remaining cab positions. All cars running on the 1 (based at 240th Street Yard in the Bronx) and almost all cars on the 6 (based at the Westchester Yard in the Bronx) are linked as five-car sets, while all cars running on the 42nd Street Shuttle (based at Livonia Yard in Brooklyn) are linked as six-car sets.[9][10]

Many cars - generally on the 6 - feature LED lights on the sides of the cars around the rollsign where the service logo is indicated to help riders distinguish between an express train (red diamond) and a local train (green circle). These indicators were first introduced on the 7 when passengers claimed they could not clearly hear the announcements regarding whether the 7 was express or local, even though the "7 Express" sign was used on the front and sides prior to its implementation in 2008.[11] Cars 1736–1740 and 2151 were used as test cars as early as April 12, 2007, and had red LED lettering displaying "LCL" and "EXP" on the front and the side; similar labeling was last seen on the Redbird fleet.[12][13] When the R188s displaced the R62As from the 7 during the 2010s, the LED lights remained in use since both the 6 and the 7 local services have express variants that run in the peak direction during rush hours.

History

Following the successful delivery of the 325-car R62 order, the New York City Transit Authority (NYCTA) put out a bid for an additional 825 cars. Kawasaki did not want to build the additional cars under a separate contract, so the R62A contract was awarded to Bombardier Transportation of Quebec, who won the bid over Budd Company of Pennsylvania.[6][7][8] While Bombardier offered a higher price per car than Budd had, the NYCTA awarded the contract to Bombardier because of the Canadian government's financial plan for the cars. In addition, Budd proposed using unapproved and untested motors, and similarly untested technology that frequently broke down on the R44 and R46 contracts.[6]

The 825 cars were built between 1984 and 1987 and entered service between 1985 and 1988, though in August 1985, several cars were frequently taken out of service due to coupler and electrical problems, which almost forced the cancellation of the entire order itself.[8] The first ten R62As, numbered 1651–1660, had their body shells built by Kawasaki Heavy Industries and were shipped to Bombardier for their use as samples during their production. They were placed in service on the 1 train on May 29, 1985, after arrangements were made to expand the Car Appearance Program to the route (following a successful implementation of the same on the 4 train with the R62s).

Post-delivery

Interior of a refurbished R62A car on the 42nd Street Shuttle, with most seats removed to increase capacity

Car 1687 was badly damaged at the Bombardier plant in the summer of 1985, prior to its delivery. However, it was repaired at the end of the order and entered service on December 1, 1987, on the 6.[6]

On November 24, 1996, a ten-car train of R62As on the 6 train derailed south of Hunts Point Avenue. Cars 1716 and 1909 were significantly damaged.[14][15] Car 1716 was rebuilt and returned to service, but 1909 was retired due to mid-body and frame damage and scrapped in 2001.[16]

Starting in November 2017, as part of an action plan to fix the subway's state of emergency, several cars assigned to the 42nd Street Shuttle had most of their seats removed in order to increase capacity on that service.[17] The other cars assigned to the shuttle also had most of their seats removed as all cars running on said line are being linked into six-car sets.

Replacement

The cars were initially expected to be replaced starting in 2026 and lasting into 2028.[18] The MTA has been maintaining the R62As through the SMS program, which consists of repainting bulkheads, rebuilding trucks, changing out floors, repainting damaged seats, and other minor interior work on a set schedule in order to extend useful service life.[19][20] In 2010, the MTA proposed mid-life technological upgrades for the R62As, including LED destination signs and automated announcements.[21][22]

In January 2019, the MTA announced that it would be replacing the R62/A fleets with the R262s, a new fleet that would be ordered as part of a future capital program.[23]: 25 

References

  1. ^ https://erausa.org/pdf/bulletin/2002/2002-10-bulletin.pdf
  2. ^ "Car/Yard Assignments" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on December 5, 2019.
  3. ^
    • 'Subdivision 'A' Car Assignment Effective December 19, 2021'. New York City Transit, Operations Planning. December 17, 2021.
    • 'Subdivision 'B' Car Assignment Effective December 19, 2021'. New York City Transit, Operations Planning. December 17, 2021.
  4. ^ "Subdivision 'A' Car Assignments: Cars Required June 27, 2021" (PDF). The Bulletin. Electric Railroaders' Association. 64 (7): 2. July 2021. Retrieved December 3, 2021.
  5. ^ 'Subdivision 'A' Car Assignment Effective December 19, 2021'. New York City Transit, Operations Planning. December 17, 2021.
  6. ^ a b c d "www.nycsubway.org: R-62 (Kawasaki) -- R-62A (Bombardier)". www.nycsubway.org. 1988. Retrieved November 14, 2015.
  7. ^ a b "www.nycsubway.org: Chapter 11, Another Renewal for the IRT". www.nycsubway.org. April 10, 1998. Retrieved November 14, 2015.
  8. ^ a b c Feinman, Mark S. (December 8, 2004). "www.nycsubway.org: The New York Transit Authority in the 1980s". www.nycsubway.org. Retrieved November 14, 2015.
  9. ^ "What's Old is New Again". us18.campaign-archive.com. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 30, 2020. Archived from the original on November 10, 2020. Retrieved November 10, 2020.
  10. ^ "Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) Notice of Public Hearing and Description of Projects – Tuesday, August 23, 2016 4:30 P.M. – Request for Federal Financial Assistance Under the Federal Transportation Authorization For Federal Fiscal Year 2017 Capital Improvement Projects" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 28, 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 17, 2016. Retrieved August 7, 2016.
  11. ^ "Showing Image 62174".
  12. ^ "Showing Image 76703".
  13. ^ "Showing Image 74975".
  14. ^ "www.nycsubway.org: Subway FAQ: Accidents". www.nycsubway.org. Retrieved July 26, 2017.
  15. ^ Barron, James (November 21, 1997). "87 Are Hurt as Subway Train Runs Into Another in Queens". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 26, 2017.
  16. ^ New York Subway Barn Assignments. December 2014
  17. ^ Martinez, Jose (October 3, 2017). "Hoping to reduce overcrowding, MTA tries removing seats from trains". NY1. Retrieved December 2, 2017.
  18. ^ MTA Capital Program Oversight Committee Hearing, June 2010 (page 20) Archived November 25, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ "Showing Image 111514".
  20. ^ "Showing Image 110375".
  21. ^ Request For Information No. 9003 | Integrated Communications System on NYCT R62/R62A and R68/R68A Class Rail Cars
  22. ^ Grynbaum, Michael M. (June 16, 2011). "Transit Agency Weighs Digital Upgrade for Subway Cars". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 26, 2017.
  23. ^ "Capital Program Oversight Committee Meeting" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. January 2019. Retrieved January 18, 2019.

Further reading

  • Sansone, Gene. Evolution of New York City subways: An illustrated history of New York City's transit cars, 1867-1997. New York Transit Museum Press, New York, 1997 ISBN 978-0-9637492-8-4

External links