R7 (New York City Subway car)

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R7 (New York City Subway car)
NYCS R7 golden letters.jpg
Manufacturer American Car and Foundry, Pullman Standard
Built at Chicago, Illinois, USA
Constructed 1937
Entered service 1938-1939
Scrapped 1978-1979
Number built 150
Number preserved 1
Number scrapped 149
Fleet numbers 1400-1549
Capacity 56 (seated)
Operator(s) New York City Subway
Specifications
Car body construction Riveted steel
Car length 60 ft (18.29 m)
Width 10 ft (3.05 m)
Height 12.08 ft (3.68 m)
Platform height 3.76 ft (1.15 m)
Doors 8
Maximum speed 55 mph (89 km/h)
Weight 84,653 lb (38,398 kg)
Traction system Westinghouse 570-D5 or General Electric 714-D1, 714-D2
Power output 190 hp (142 kW).
Electric system(s) 600 V DC Third rail
Current collection method Contact shoe
Braking system(s) WABCO Schedule AMUE with UE-5 universal valve, ME-23 brake stand, and simplex clasp brake rigging. WABCO D-3-F air compressor
Coupling system WABCO H2A
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)

The R7 was a New York City Subway car built in 1937 for the city-operated Independent Subway System by two manufacturers under separate orders, the American Car and Foundry Company and Pullman. It was a continuation of the R6 fleet.

The R7s were also used for service on the IND exclusively until 1968-69, when they were displaced by the new R40 and R42 cars, and were transferred to the East New York Yard of the Eastern Division, and were used on the former BMT J, KK, LL, M, and QJ routes until 1977 when the R7's were retired, and replaced by the R46's. .

Preservation[edit]

Car 1440 survives at the Seashore Trolley Museum in Kennebunkport, Maine, coupled to R4 800 and is used in various tourist rides around the museum.

Further reading[edit]

  • Sansone, Gene. Evolution of New York City subways: An illustrated history of New York City's transit cars, 1867-1997. New York Transit Museum Press, New York, 1997 ISBN 978-0-9637492-8-4