RAAF Point Cook
|Point Cook and Laverton|
Near Melbourne, Victoria in Australia
|Type||Military air base|
|Owner||Department of Defence|
|Operator||Royal Australian Air Force|
|Garrison||Air Force Training Group|
|Elevation||4 metres (14 ft) AMSL|
|Sources: Australian AIP and aerodrome chart|
RAAF Williams (ICAO: YMPC) is a Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) military air base set across two locations, at Point Cook and Laverton, located approximately 20 kilometres (12 mi) south-west of the Melbourne central business district in Victoria, Australia. Both establishments previously existed as separate RAAF Bases (RAAF Base Point Cook and RAAF Base Laverton) until 1989 when they were amalgamated to form RAAF Williams. The name was chosen in honour of Air Marshal Sir Richard Williams, the 'father' of the RAAF.
RAAF Williams, Point Cook is the birthplace of the Royal Australia Air Force and is the oldest continually operating military airfield in the world. Since 1994 RAAF Williams (Point Cook) has been the home of RMIT Flight Training.
RAAF Base Point Cook
This section needs additional citations for verification. (August 2017)
The land area at Point Cook was purchased by the Australian Government in 1912 with the vision to form what would become the Australian Flying Corps. Due to the success of the AFC in the First World War, the AFC became a separate service, now known as the Royal Australian Air Force. Point Cook remained the RAAF's only base until 1925 when RAAF Base Richmond and RAAF Base Laverton were also built.
Point Cook is considered the birthplace and the spiritual home of the RAAF. It is also the airport at which the Royal Victorian Aero Club was established. It contains a memorial parade ground which was built in the 1920s, a site which was previously used by the AFC for drill training. Point Cook still has an operating airfield, but military operations are generally restricted to the museum based there. The airfield is used by a number of general aviation users, although it is still classified as a military aerodrome. It is the oldest continuously operating military aerodrome in the world. Radio communication frequencies include CTAF on 126.2 MHz. The airfield NDB is inactive.
RAAF Williams, Point Cook, is the former home of the RAAF College including Officer Training School (OTS) and the RAAF Academy from 1961 to 1985, and is currently used for the Air Force element of the Australian Defence Force Gap Year Program. All administrative functions are located at RAAF Williams, Laverton, and there is a single mess service (Officers Mess Annexe) which provides a meal service to all personnel, and a bar service to Gap Year students only.
The RAAF Museum is located at Point Cook and has a large collection of ex-RAAF aircraft and military memorabilia from the prewar years until recent decades. The museum is open every day except Monday.
RAAF Williams, Laverton
Laverton is the third oldest RAAF base, being built in 1925 at the same time as RAAF Base Richmond, which was opened slightly before Laverton. Located approximately seven kilometres (four point three miles) from Point Cook, Laverton is the home of Headquarters Air Force Training Group (formerly Training Command). It also contains all the administrative functions of RAAF Williams. Other units at Laverton are the ADF School of Languages, Defence International Training Centre (DITC), Director General Technical Airworthiness, No. 21 (City of Melbourne) Squadron (RAAF Active Reserve) and a number of smaller sub-units. It also hosts an element of 8th/7th Battalion of the Royal Victoria Regiment, Australian Army Reserve, as well as elements of the Defence Materiel Organisation (DMO).
In 1946 Laverton played host to the first flight of the newly formed Trans Australia Airlines, its Douglas DC-3 VH-AES Hawdon forced to use the base as operations at Essendon had become adversely affected by recent[when?] heavy rains. The base hosted the shotgun portion of the shooting events for the 1956 Summer Olympics.
Laverton's runway was decommissioned September 1996. In early 2007 the Victorian Government gave approval for the land that was formerly the Laverton airfield and runway to be developed into the new suburb of Williams Landing. Three areas totalling 55 hectares (136 acres) were set aside for conservation. More than 100 ha (247 acres) of nationally significant native grassland outside the reserves was permitted to be cleared by the state- and federal governments. Williams Landing is being developed into a transit-oriented development, major activity centre and employment node. As well as being a major activity centre and employment node, there will also be four residential neighbourhoods each with their own distinctive character. Construction of Williams Landing commenced in late 2007 and is due for completion by 2025.
The following units are located at RAAF Williams:
|Unit||Unit name||Force Element Group||Aircraft||Location||Notes|
|AFTGHQ||Headquarters Air Force Training Group||Air Force Training Group||—||Laverton|||
|21SQN||No. 21 (City of Melbourne) Squadron||Combat Support Group||—||Laverton||Airbase operations|
|ADF School of Languages||Air Force Training Group||—||Laverton|||
|Air Force Band||Air Force Training Group||—||Laverton|
|Combat Support Unit - Williams||Air Force Training Group||—|||
|Defence International Training Centre||Air Force Training Group||—||Laverton||Cultural and military familiarisation training for foreign military personnel training in Australia.|
|Health Services Training Flight||Air Force Training Group||—|
|RAAF Gap Year Program||Air Force Training Group||—||Point Cook|||
|RAAF Museum||Air Force Training Group||Heritage aircraft||Point Cook|||
|Air Force Heritage Squadron||Air Force Training Group||Heritage aircraft||Point Cook||RAAF Museum Heritage Flight|
|No. 4 Wing Headquarters||Australian Air Force Cadets||—|||
|No. 404 Squadron AAFC||Australian Air Force Cadets||—|
|No. 418 Squadron AAFC||Australian Air Force Cadets||—|
|8/7 RVR||8th/7th Battalion, Royal Victoria Regiment||Australian Army Reserve||—||Laverton|||
The 1948 Australian Grand Prix was held on a racetrack mapped out on the runways and support roads of the Point Cook airfield. The race was won by Frank Pratt driving a BMW 328. Also, since 1994 RAAF Williams (Point Cook) has been the home of RMIT Flight Training.
Werribee Satellite Aerodrome
Land was set aside by the Australian Government west of the Williams bases from 1940 to 1952 for a spare grass airfield and aircraft storage. Several hangars and accommodation buildings were built in 1942 by the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) in the style of US hangars. The USAAF units assigned to Werribee left in 1945. The land was part of what is now the Western Treatment Plant.
Two hangars remain on the land. The northernmost hangar on Geelong Road near Farm Road now houses a former RAAF Consolidated B-24 Liberator under restoration by the B-24 Liberator Memorial Restoration Fund.
- United States Army Air Forces in Australia (World War II)
- List of airports in Victoria
- List of Royal Australian Air Force installations
- YMPC – Williams (PDF). AIP En Route Supplement from Airservices Australia, effective 2022-03-24, Aeronautical Chart Archived 10 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- "Club History". Royal Victorian Aero Club. 2006. Archived from the original on 18 October 2007. Retrieved 24 October 2007.
- "RAAF Base Williams". Department of Defence. Australian Government. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
- "Flight training - RMIT University". www.rmit.edu.au. Retrieved 3 June 2018.
- Schulz, Matthew (15 September 2016). "Melbourne's Point Cook RAAF base is flying high when it comes to aviation history". Herald Sun. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
- "Raaf Museum Point Cook - Google Search". www.google.com. Retrieved 3 June 2018.
- "1956 Summer Olympics official report" (PDF). LA84 Foundation. p. 46.
- Harris, Rob (15 September 2016). "RAAF base at Laverton could be shut down, sold off". Herald Sun. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
- "RAAF Williams". Royal Australian Air Force. Australian Government. Archived from the original on 6 July 2017. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
- "RAAF Base Williams: Flying Operations". Royal Australian Air Force. Australian Government. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
- "4 Wing AAFC - VIC". Australian Air Force Cadets.
- Galpin, Darren. "Point Cook". GEL Motorsport Information Page. Retrieved 3 April 2016.
- Walker, Terry (1995). Fast Tracks - Australia's Motor Racing Tracks: 1904-1995. Wahroonga, NSW: Turton & Armstrong. p. 134. ISBN 0908031556.