RAF Maintenance Command
|Active||1 April 1938–31 August 1973|
|Branch||Royal Air Force|
RAF Maintenance Command was the Royal Air Force command which was responsible for controlling maintenance for all the United Kingdom-based units from formation on 1 April 1938 until being renamed RAF Support Command on 31 August 1973.
Maintenance Command was formed in 1938. No. 40 Group RAF was formed within the command on 3 January 1939, and responsible for all equipment except bombs and explosives. No. 42 Group RAF was made responsible for fuel and ammunition storage. In 1940 technical control (but not administrative control) of No. 41 Group and No. 43 Group of Maintenance Command passed to the Ministry of Aircraft Production (MAP).
From 7 October 1940 operational control of salvage was administered by a section of No. 43 Group RAF (Maintenance), known as No. 43 Group Salvage, with a headquarters at the Morris Motor Works in Cowley. The administrative headquarters later moved to Magdalen College, Oxford. Maintenance units responsible for salvage were responsible for vast areas of the country.
Responsibility for these Groups returned to Maintenance Command after World War II following the absorption of the Ministry of Aircraft Production into the Ministry of Supply (MoS). The foundation stone for a new Command Headquarters at RAF Andover was laid in November 1960.
When the RAF took delivery of the Blue Danube nuclear weapon (in sections) the HCCL plant near Leeds was one of only four places from where 40 Group organised armed escorted road convoys direct to RAF Wittering. The others were AWRE Aldermaston, ROF Burghfield, ROF Chorley (Lancashire), and Woolwich Arsenal.
As of 1940 the Command was organised as a headquarters and four Groups:
- Equipment Group
- Aircraft Group
- Armament and Fuel Group
- Repair and Salvage Group
Maintenance Units included:
- No. 14 Maintenance Unit, RAF Carlisle
- No. 16 Maintenance Unit, RAF Stafford
- No. 18 Maintenance Unit, RAF Tinwald Downs, No. 41 Group
- No. 19 Maintenance Unit, RAF St Athan (7 Feb 1939 – 1 Nov 1968/7 Apr 1999)
- No. 20 Maintenance Unit, RAF Aston Down, No. 41 Group (see Flightglobal.com)
- No. 21 Maintenance Unit, RAF Fauld, No. 42 Group
- No. 22 Maintenance Unit, RAF Silloth
- No 25 Maintenance Unit, RAF Hartlebury
- No 32 Maintenance Unit, RAF St Athan (1 Jul 1939 – 1 Nov 1968/7 Apr 1999)
- No 35 Maintenance Unit, RAF Heywood
- 31 Mar 1938 – Air Marshal Sir John Bradley
- 5 Oct 1942 – Air Marshal Sir Grahame Donald
- 9 Apr 1947 – Air Marshal Sir Cyril Cooke
- 15 Oct 1949 – Air Marshal Sir Thomas Warne-Browne
- 20 Dec 1952 – Air Marshal Sir Leslie Harvey
- 16 Jan 1956 – Air Marshal Sir Richard Jordan
- 5 May 1958 – Air Marshal Sir Douglas Jackman
- 1 Mar 1961 – Air Marshal Sir Leslie Dalton-Morris
- 4 Jun 1963 – Air Marshal Sir Norman Coslett
- 2 Jul 1966 – Air Marshal Sir Kenneth Porter
- 13 Apr 1970 – Air Marshal Sir John Rowlands
- 2 Jun 1973 – Air Marshal Sir Reginald Harland
- Pine, L.G. (1983). A dictionary of mottoes (1 ed.). London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. p. 211. ISBN 0-7100-9339-X.
- National Archives
- Air of Authority
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 December 2012. Retrieved 6 November 2011.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- Smoke of Battle Flight International, 4 November 1960
- Keeping the RAF in the Air Flight International, 2 May 1940
- Air of Authority – A History of RAF Organisation – RAF Home Commands formed between 1936 – 1938 Archived 9 January 2002 at the Wayback Machine
- Robin D. S. Higham, Unflinching Zeal: The Air Battles Over France and Britain, May–October 1940, pp. 131–2
- C Crowley, Aspects of Industrial Hygiene in Maintenance Command Royal Air Force, Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine, 1951
- The Years Between: Memories of the London Blitz and RAF Maintenance Command During World War Two, by Eric G. Ayto, Athena Press, ISBN 978-1-84748-105-4