RAF Marston Moor

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RAF Marston Moor
Air Force Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg
Tockwith runway - geograph.org.uk - 249118.jpg
Summary
Airport type Military
Operator Royal Air Force
Location Tockwith
Coordinates 53°57′42″N 001°18′16″W / 53.96167°N 1.30444°W / 53.96167; -1.30444Coordinates: 53°57′42″N 001°18′16″W / 53.96167°N 1.30444°W / 53.96167; -1.30444
Map
RAF Marston Moor is located in North Yorkshire
RAF Marston Moor
RAF Marston Moor
Location in North Yorkshire
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
00/00 0 0 Concrete
00/00 0 0 Concrete
00/00 0 0 Concrete

RAF Marston Moor was a Royal Air Force airfield at Tockwith, North Yorkshire, during the Second World War. It was originally called RAF Tockwith, but confusion with RAF Topcliffe lead to the name change.[1][2]

RAF Marston Moor and RAF Church Fenton were the closest airfields to West Yorkshire and would act as a defence should Leeds be attacked. As it happens Leeds was seldom bombed.

In 1943, group captain Leonard Cheshire was made the Station Commander. Following the death of Guy Gibson he requested to be transferred to the command of 617 Squadron. The move required him to voluntarily step down in rank from group captain to wing commander, which he did.

Marston Moor was also in control of RAF Rufforth and RAF Riccall.[1]

During the war, American actor Clark Gable was stationed at the airfield before being relocated to RAF Polebrook.

Based units[edit]

During the Second World War the airfield was used by the 165 Heavy Conversion Unit (HCU) to convert pilots from the Whitley and Wellington medium bombers to piloting the four-engined Handley Page Halifax bomber.[3] In January 1942 the unit was split into the 1652 Heavy Conversion Unit and the 1665 Heavy Conversion Unit. 1652 HCU continued in operation at Marston Moor till June 1945, while 1665 HCU moved to RAF Saltby, were it trained crews in the Halifaxes and the Short Stirling.[2] It later moved to RAF Linton-on-Ouse.[3]

Following the war the field was used as the home base for No. 268 Maintenance Unit RAF from 1945 to 1949.[3]

Current use[edit]

The airfield is now known as Tockwith Airfield. The runways are used for driver's education courses. Some of the buildings about the old airfield were incorporated into a business park.[2] The village of Tockwith has expanded onto the airfield with the eastern side and main section of one runway now dissolved by housing.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "RAF Marston Moor". Atlantik Wall. Retrieved 8 April 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c "RAF Marston Moor". The Wartime Memories Project. Archived from the original on 28 February 2012. Retrieved 8 April 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d "RAF Marston Moor". Control Towers. Retrieved 8 April 2012. 

External links[edit]