RAF North Luffenham
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|RAF North Luffenham|
|Near Edith Weston, Rutland in England|
|Type||Royal Air Force flying and missile station|
|Owner||Ministry of Defence|
|Operator||Royal Air Force|
|Fate||Transferred to the British Army and became St George's Barracks.|
Second World War
The station was built as a training airfield, opening in 1940. It was later taken over by 5 Group of RAF Bomber Command as a heavy bomber base, and was expanded by the building of concrete runways later in the war.
In late 1955, No. 228 Operational Conversion Unit, temporarily renamed No. 238 OCU, was detached to North Luffenham from RAF Leeming which was having its runways extended to 7000 ft to accommodate Gloster Javelins. The OCU remained for over a year before returning to Leeming.
From 1959 to 1963, North Luffenham was the base for PGM-17 Thor intermediate range ballistic missiles, operated by No. 144 Squadron RAF. The Thor missile site was listed as a Grade II* building in 2011.
In mid-1964 No. 3 Ground Radio Servicing Squadron was transferred from RAF Norton, Sheffield, Yorkshire. No. 3GRSS was responsible for the third-line maintenance repair of all ground radar and radio communication/navigational and landing aids located at airfields throughout Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
In 1963 the RAF Aviation Medical Training Centre (AMTC) moved from its original location at RAF Upwood to RAF North Luffenham. The Centre was commanded by a senior RAF Medical Officer who with his medical and technical team were responsible for fitting and instructing aircrew in the use of flying protective clothing and equipment, including partial pressure suits, which kept the pilot conscious in the event of loss of cabin pressure at high altitude. Instruction in medical aspects of high performance aviation included experience of hypoxia and exposure to sudden explosive decompression of an aircraft cabin. This was carried out in a complex of RAF Mark V decompression chambers installed on the site for aircrew training and research purposes. Many of the aircrew medical monitoring techniques, oxygen systems and items of aircrew protective flying clothing developed at the RAF Institute of Aviation Medicine, Farnborough, were assessed by staff of AMTC.
From 1965 to 1997 part of the Joint Services Language School was based here. Primary languages taught included Russian and Mandarin. Russian-language graduates of the school were employed at radio monitoring stations located close to the USSR border mostly in Gatow, Berlin, in order to monitor Russian air-to-ground radio voice traffic during airborne interception/ border incursion etc. Some also were stationed at Digby, and some were sent on airborne duties, variously stationed including Wyton, Cyprus etc. Most of the Chinese graduates were officers and stationed in Hong-Kong. Most of the teachers were emigres or ex-Russian military. A plaque to commemorate the Language School was unveiled in 2005 by Air Commodore Bruce Benstead, the last Station Commander at RAF North Luffenham. Recruits from RAF Swinderby competed their fieldcraft training at this base in the 80s and early 90s.
Notable former rugby players from RAF North Luffenham include Sir Augustus Walker (RAF & England), Peter Larter (Northampton & England) and Martin Whitcombe (Leicester Tigers & England 'B' international).
When the RAF vacated the base, the gates from the main entrance were donated to the village of North Luffenham. The gates which bear the station badge were later erected at the entrance to the village's recreation ground.
The following units were here at some point:
- No. 12 (Pilots) Advanced Flying Unit RAF
- No. 17 Elementary Flying Training School RAF
- No. 21 Heavy Glider Conversion Unit RAF
- No. 29 Operational Training Unit RAF
- No. 73 Base
- No. 102 Flying Refresher School RAF
- No. 151 (Air Defence Missile) Wing RAF
- No. 151 (SAM) Servicing Wing RAF
- No. 151 (Surface to Air Missile) Wing RAF
- No. 240 Operational Conversion Unit RAF
- No. 1382 (Transport) Conversion Unit RAF
- No. 1653 Heavy Conversion Unit RAF
- No. 2749 Squadron RAF Regiment
- No. 2797 Squadron RAF Regiment
- No. 2899 Squadron RAF Regiment
- No. 2952 Squadron RAF Regiment
- All Weather and Night Fighter OCU
- Flying Training Command Instructors School
- Heavy Glider Conversion Unit RAF
- "Defence Estates Development Plan (DEDP) 2009 - Annex A" (PDF). GOV.UK. Ministry of Defence. 3 July 2009. p. 18. Retrieved 30 June 2018.
- Jefford 1988, p. 00.
- "Cold War missile sites get listed status". BBC News. 16 October 2012. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
- Historic England. "Thor missile site at former RAF North Luffenham (1400806)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 December 2012.
- RAF Linguist Association North Luffenham 2005[permanent dead link]
- "Royal Regiment of Fusiliers". British Army units 1945 on. Retrieved 1 June 2014.
- "North Luffenham". Airfields of Britain Conservation Trust. Retrieved 7 June 2020.
- Jefford, C G (1988). RAF Squadrons. A comprehensive record of the movement and equipment of all RAF squadrons and their antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury: Airlife. ISBN 1-85310-053-6.