RAF Shawbury

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RAF Shawbury
Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg
Near Shawbury, Shropshire in England
RAF Shawbury.jpg
EGOS is located in Shropshire
EGOS
EGOS
Shown within Shropshire
Coordinates 52°47′53″N 002°40′05″W / 52.79806°N 2.66806°W / 52.79806; -2.66806Coordinates: 52°47′53″N 002°40′05″W / 52.79806°N 2.66806°W / 52.79806; -2.66806
Type Royal Air Force station
Site information
Owner Ministry of Defence
Operator Royal Flying Corps
1917–1918
Royal Air Force
1918-1920 & 1938–present
Site history
Built 1916 (1916), rebuilt in 1937
In use 1917–1920, 1938–Present
Garrison information
Current
commander
Group Captain Norris
Airfield information
Identifiers ICAO: EGOS
Elevation 76 metres (249 ft) AMSL
Runways
Direction Length and surface
05/23 1,379 metres (4,524 ft) Asphalt
18/36 1,834 metres (6,017 ft) Asphalt

Royal Air Force Shawbury or more simply RAF Shawbury is a Royal Air Force station by the village of Shawbury near Shrewsbury, Shropshire.

History[edit]

The First World War[edit]

The station at Shawbury was first used for military flying training in 1917 by the Royal Flying Corps, No. 29 (Training) Wing formed on 1 September 1917 with three Training Squadrons, No.s 10, 29 and 67.[1] Several different types of aircraft were operated which caused difficulties with training and maintenance. Two of the squadrons combined to form 9 Training Depot Station[2][3] on 1 March 1918, the other moving away to Gloucestershire. Training continued on a more organised basis until the end of the war.[4]

The airfield closed in May 1920 when strength of the RAF was drastically reduced. The hangars and other buildings were demolished and the land was returned to agricultural use.[4]

The Second World War[edit]

In February 1938 it was reactivated as a training establishment firstly used by No. 11 Service Flying Training School[5] and an Aircraft Storage Unit (ASU) which was operated by No. 27 Maintenance Unit RAF.[6] The airfield also had Relief Landing Grounds at RAF Bridleway Gate and RAF Bratton with additional satellite landing grounds at RAF Hinstock, RAF Hodnet and RAF Weston Park.[7] It primarily prepared pilots for operational squadrons, with the main aircraft being the Airspeed Oxford. In 1944 it became the home of the Central Navigation School (which had moved from RAF Cranage), primarily concerned with improving the standard of air navigation in bombers.[6]

Post WW2[edit]

In 1950 the School of Air Traffic Control also moved to Shawbury, combining to form the Central Navigation and Control School.[8] In 1963 the Navigation Wing moved to RAF Manby.

No. 27 Maintenance Unit RAF continued its aircraft storage and scrapping work at Shawbury until disbandment in July 1972.[9]

In 1976 Shawbury became an airfield for basic and advanced helicopter training, on the Aerospatiale Gazelle and Westland Wessex respectively, with No. 2 Flying Training School RAF.[10]

In the 1980s Shawbury provided 'pre-employment training' courses for R.A.F. groundcrew being posted from fixed-wing to rotary-wing squadrons.

Present day[edit]

RAF Shawbury as seen from the cockpit of a Bell Griffin helicopter.

No. 2 Flying Training School was disbanded in March 1997 so that in April 1997 the station could start providing training for helicopter pilots for all three of the UK's armed services under the Defence Helicopter Flying School.[11] Currently the Squirrel HT1 (Eurocopter AS350BB) helicopter operated by No. 660 Squadron AAC and 705 Naval Air Squadron and the Griffin HT1 (Bell 412 EP) helicopter operated by No. 60 Squadron RAF is used by the School and is maintained by the contractor, FB Heliservices Ltd, (now part of Cobham plc) who also provide 40% of the flying instructors. It is also home to the Air Traffic Control School and the RAF Aircraft Storage flight.

Shawbury is home to the 'Assault Glider Trust', building a non-flying replica Horsa glider for museum display.

The station's new physical recreation training centre, named the Jubilee Hall Sports and Fitness Centre to mark the Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II, was opened by Prince Michael of Kent on 24 April 2012.[12]

Operational units[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Leach, Kim, ed. (January 2017). "100 years since the formation of the first flying squadron". Aries; The magazine of RAF Shawbury. Shropshire: RAF Shawbury (1): 6–7. OCLC 921875505. 
  2. ^ "Station History". 
  3. ^ "RAF Stations, West Midlands". 
  4. ^ a b Smith, 1981, p. 164
  5. ^ Lake 1999, p. 108.
  6. ^ a b Delve 2007, p. 269.
  7. ^ Francis 2010, p. 27.
  8. ^ Lake 1999, pp. 46-47.
  9. ^ Delve 2007, p. 271.
  10. ^ Lake 1999, p. 104.
  11. ^ Lake, Alan (1999). Flying units of the RAF : the ancestry, formation and disbandment of all flying units from 1912. Shrewsbury: Airlife. p. 104. ISBN 1-84037-086-6. 
  12. ^ "Jubilee Sports Hall opened at RAF Shawbury". Ministry of Defence. 7 June 2012. Retrieved 3 July 2012. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Delve, Ken (2007). The military airfields of Britain; Wales and West Midlands. Crowood Press. ISBN 978-1-861269-17-1. 
  • Francis, P. 20th Century Military Archaeology Issue 1: Airfield Defence. ARP & AiX-ARG Archive Limited. ISBN 978-0-9521847-0-6.
  • Lake, Alan (1999). Flying units of the RAF; the ancestry, formation and disbandment of all flying units from 1912. Airlife. ISBN 1-84037-086-6. 
  • Smith, David. J. (1981). Action Stations, 3 :Military Airfields of Wales and the North-West. Patrick Stephens Limited. ISBN 0-85059-485-5. 

External links[edit]