|This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
|Near Wittering, Cambridgeshire in England|
Shown within Cambridgeshire
|Type||Royal Air Force station|
|Owner||Ministry of Defence|
|Operator||Royal Air Force|
|Built||5 May 1916|
|Group Captain Rich Pratley RAF.|
|Elevation||83 metres (272 ft) AMSL|
Royal Air Force Wittering or more simply RAF Wittering (ICAO: EGXT) is a Royal Air Force station within the unitary authority area of Peterborough, Cambridgeshire. Although Stamford in Lincolnshire is the nearest town, the runways of RAF Wittering cross the boundary between Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire.
Wittering's use as a military airfield dates back to 5 May 1916 when it began as RFC Stamford.
Second World War
During the Second World War, the station was very active during the Blitz in 1940-41 in No. 12 Group (controlled from RAF Watnall in Nottingham) as it was the main fighter station for a lot of the southern East Midlands, and fighters from the station would often patrol as far as Birmingham. Embry in Mission Completed states that in 1940, while used by 25 squadron, equipped with Beaufighter night fighters, the runway was extended from 1,400 yards to 3 miles long to reduce landing accidents at night and in bad weather. It was the longest landing strip and flarepath in England and also used by Bomber Command to land damaged aircraft. Embry believed this success led to the construction of three large airfields at coastal sites (Manston, Woodbridge and Carnaby)to land damaged aircraft of Bomber Command. RAF Collyweston, a satellite station, was next door until 1941, although the next main fighter station further north was RAF Coleby Grange. The airfield was bombed five times, with seventeen people being killed on 14 March 1941. In April 1943 No. 141 Squadron RAF were moved in, operating de Havilland Mosquitoes. Aircraft from the station downed 151 Luftwaffe planes and 89 V-1 flying bombs. Hugh Jenkins, Baron Jenkins of Putney served at the station, as did Andrew Humphrey (later Chief of the Defence Staff from 1976 to 1977, who flew Supermarine Spitfires with 266 Sqn).
The current airfield was created by the merging of RAF Wittering and nearby RAF Collyweston, by the construction of a 1.7-mile runway between them in 1941.
During the cold war RAF Wittering was a vital part of the strategic nuclear deterrent, with a runway built in 1954 long enough for the 'V' bombers (Avro Vulcan, Handley Page Victor and Vickers Valiant). Until January 1969 two squadrons (100 and 139) of Victor B.2 bombers equipped with Blue Steel stand-off missiles were part of the QRA (Quick Reaction Alert) force of the RAF. Two nuclear armed aircraft were permanently on 15 minutes readiness to take off. They were parked within 100 m (110 yd) of the westerly runway threshold. In times of higher tension, four bombers could be stationed beside the runway on the ORP (Operational Readiness Platform). If the aircraft were manned they could all be airborne within 30 seconds, a feat often demonstrated at V force stations across the country. Since the incoming missile warning from the RAF Fylingdales BMEWS array was only four minutes before impact this ensured if the country came under attack, the bombers would be scrambled and able to retaliate.
In 1968, the base became part of Strike Command. From October 1972 until August 1976, there were two squadrons flying the Hawker Hunter No's 45 initially and then 58 Sqn as well, which then moved to RAF Brawdy after 45 and 58 Sqns disbanded, in South Wales.
From 1968 until late 2010 the station was known as the Home of the Harrier, although the first Harriers arrived for No. 1 Sqn in August 1969: the first squadron to have a vertical take off aircraft. The squadron left the base in August 2000. No. 4 (R) Sqn, formerly 233OCU, was the last Harrier flying squadron based at Wittering, departing upon disbandment in January 2011.
In May 1971, four aircraft from 1 Sqn operated from HMS Ark Royal, the first time the Harrier had operated from an aircraft carrier, under Wing Commander (later Sir) Ken Hayr (later killed at the Biggin Hill airshow on 2 June 2001 in a de Havilland Vampire).
In 1982, six Harrier GR3 aircraft were taken down to the Falklands on SS Atlantic Conveyor, and survived the Exocet attack, later to board HMS Hermes in May 1982. In June 1982, 12 GR3 aircraft were flown from Wittering, via RAF Ascension Island and mid-air refuelling with Victor tankers, on an 8,000 mile journey to the Falklands in 17 hours, which set an RAF record. The Harriers were from 1(F) Sqn. On 27 May 1982, Sqn Ldr (later Gp Capt) Bob Iveson was hit by anti-aircraft fire from GADA 601's 35mm cannon, and he ejected seconds before his aircraft exploded in mid-air near Goose Green. He evaded capture for two and a half days before being rescued by helicopter.
In January 1983, Sqn Ldr Brenda Palmer became the Senior Air Traffic Controller at the base, the first woman in the RAF to hold that title.
Towards the end of October 2010 parliament announced that the Harrier would be retired and on 15 December 2010 they were to fly over RAF Wittering amongst other RAF stations, from RAF Cottesmore. Due to the freezing conditions and low-cloud cover, the Wittering flypast could not take place.
From 1970 to 1983 the station was also home to No. 5 Wing RAF Regiment consisting of No.15 and No.51 Squadrons RAF Regiment. On 21 June 1982, the Queen visited the station, as part of celebrations of the RAF Regiment's 40th anniversary.
In October 2001 No.37 Squadron GBAD RAF Regiment arrived from RAF Bruggen but was later disbanded in March 2006.
It was announced in December 2009 that RAF Wittering was to become the sole operational base for the RAF/RN Harriers of Joint Force Harrier after the announcement that RAF Cottesmore was to close. However, as a result of the 2010 Strategic Defence and Security Review, the Harrier fleet was withdrawn in December 2010 with all of Wittering's Harriers being stored at RAF Cottesmore.
The station has re-roled to be the home of the 'A4 Force' (the Royal Air Force's Air Combat Service Support Units (ACSSUs)), with No. 85 (Expeditionary Logistics) Wing RAF and its subordinate ACSSUs, 2 MT Squadron and 3 Mobile Catering Squadron (formerly the Mobile Catering Support Unit (MCSU)) moving in from RAF Stafford. Elements of the Armament Support Unit (ASU) also returned to RAF Wittering from RAF Marham in Norfolk to be part of the newly formed No. 42 (Expeditionary Support) Wing RAF, which also took 5001 Squadron under command from 85 Wing when that unit also relocated from RAF Stafford. The Ministry of Defence Hospital Unit (MDHU) based in Peterborough, continues to be attached to and parented by the Station. The station is also home to No. 3 Squadron RAF Regiment who moved to Wittering from RAF Aldergrove in 2006 after a 7-month tour in Iraq. 3 Sqn are part of No 1 Force Protection Wing, also based at Wittering, 1 FP Wing also consists of No. 504 Squadron Royal Auxiliary Air Force based at nearby RAF Cottesmore.
In November 2011 the Ministry of Defence announced that 44 Service personnel from HQ 12 (Air Support) Engineer Group, part of the Royal Engineers, would move from Waterbeach Barracks to RAF Wittering in 2012-13. This move was completed in March 2013.
The station commander of RAF Wittering is currently Group Captain Richard Pratley ADC MA* MSC BA(Hons) RAF, a logistics officer. He took over from his predecessor, Gp Capt Damian Alexander, in June 2015. Gp Capt Alexander subsequently was promoted to Air Commodore and became Head of Logistics Policy for the Ministry of Defence
RAF Wittering is also the birthplace of the Royal Air Force Gliding & Soaring Association's Four Counties Gliding Club, originally set up in March 1955. Following several relocations, the club returned to Wittering in late 2005,the club closed in late 2014. The RAFGSA East-Midlands Gliding Club was also based at Wittering during the late 1970s and early 1980s.
RAF Wittering is also HQ of the Air Training Corps South East Midlands Wing.
Having previously hosted the Harrier OCUs, 20(R) Squadron & 4(R) Squadron until January 2011, RAF Wittering's return to flying training was marked on the 4th February 2015 with the arrival of Cambridge and London UAS. All the flying units currently based at RAF Wittering (shown in bold) operate the Grob Tutor T.1 training aircraft, which are contractor owned by Babcock, who also supply ground services and engineering for the fleet. Currently, 16 Tutors are based at Wittering.
- 3 Flying Training School (Elementary Flying Training) - 10 Aircraft
- 6 Flying Training School (University Air Squadrons) - 6 Aircraft pooled between the units
- Low Flying Operations Squadron - The Squadron manages the Low Flying Areas in the UK and maintains a booking system for the training areas, as well as handling low flying complaints.
- No. 42 (Expeditionary Support) Wing RAF
- No 71 (Inspection and Repair) Sqn
- No 5001 Squadron
- No 5131 (Bomb Disposal) Squadron
- No 93 (Expeditionary Armaments) Sqn based at RAF Marham
- No. 85 (Expeditionary Logistics) Wing RAF
- No 1 Expeditionary Logistics Sqn
- No 2 Mechanical Transport Sqn
- No 3 Mobile Catering Sqn
- Joint Aircraft Recovery & Transportation Squadron (JARTS) [based at MoD Boscombe Down]
- 20(R) Squadron, Harrier OCU - (September 1992 - March 2010)
- 4(R) Squadron, Harrier OCU - (March 2010 - January 2011)
- Headquarters No. 1 RAF Force Protection Wing
- No. 3 Squadron RAF Regiment
- Harrier Aerosystems Squadron
- Low Flying Operations Squadron
- Royal Engineers
- 12 (Air Support) Engineer Group
- HQ Works Group RE (Airfields)
- 529 STRE (Specialist Team Royal Engineers)
The Station Commander ordinarily holds the rank of Group Captain. The ranks shown below, where above Group Captain, indicates higher ranks the former station commanders achieved.
- Air Cdre Dudley Radford CB 1948
- AVM Sir Alan Boxer 1958-9
- Gp Capt Leonard Trent VC DFC 1959-62
- AVM John Lawrence CB 1962-4
- AVM Paul Mallorie CB 1964-9
- AVM Peter Williamson CB CBE DFC 1969-70
- AVM Alan Merriman CB CBE 1970-2
- Gp Capt IH Kepple 1972-
- Air Mshl Sir Laurence Jones 1975-6
- AVM David Brook CBE 1976-8
- Gp Capt AG Bridges MBE 1978-1981
- Gp Capt P King CBE 1981-1983
- AVM Peter Dodworth CB OBE March 1983- February 1985
- AVM Peter Millar CB February 1985- 1986
- AVM John Feesey 1986-8
- Gp Capt JH Thompson 1988-1990
- Gp Capt BS Morris 1990-1992
- Gp Capt PW Day AFC 1992-1995
- Gp Capt J Connolly 1995-7
- Air Chief Marshal Chris Moran 1997-9
- Gp Capt AFP Dezonie 1999-2001
- Gp Capt A Kirkpatrick 2001-3
- Gp Capt M Jenkins 2003-5
- Air Commodore Ashley Stevenson 2005 - November 2006
- Gp Capt Ro Atherton November 2006 - June 2008 (Wittering's first female commander)
- Gp Capt Paul Higgins June 2008 - December 2009
- Gp Captain Richard Knighton December 2009 - June 2013
- Gp Captain Damian Alexander June 2013 - June 2015
- Gp Captain Richard Pratley June 2015 -
- "Welcome to RAF Wittering". RAF. Retrieved 5 December 2013.
- Mission Completed, Air Chief Marshal Sir Basil Embry, White Lion Publishers Limited 1976, ISBN 0-7274-0260-9, pages 205-208
- Mission Completed, Air Chief Marshal Sir Basil Embry, White Lion Publishers Limited 1976, ISBN 0-7274-0260-9, page 207
- "May 2001 crash". BBC News. 3 June 2001. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
- "1 Squadron in the Falklands". Raf.mod.uk. 2012-01-27. Retrieved 2013-07-07.
- "Last trip for one of Britain's iconic aircraft". BBC News. 2010-12-15. Retrieved 2010-12-15.
- "First tranche of Army unit moves confirmed". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 10 November 2011.
- "Flying Squadrons Return to RAF Wittering". raf.mod.uk/rafwittering. Royal Air Force Wittering. Retrieved 3 November 2015.
- "Low Flying Operations Squadron". raf.mod.uk. Retrieved 3 November 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to RAF Wittering.|
- Official website
- Airport information for EGXT at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.
- Four Counties Gliding Club website