RAF officer ranks

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The officer ranks of the Royal Air Force, as they are today, were introduced in 1919. Prior to that Army ranks were used.

Ranks (Highest to Lowest)[edit]

NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
United Kingdom United Kingdom
(Edit)
United Kingdom-Air force-OF-10-collected.svg United Kingdom-Air force-OF-9-collected.svg United Kingdom-Air force-OF-8-collected.svg United Kingdom-Air force-OF-7-collected.svg United Kingdom-Air force-OF-6-collected.svg British RAF OF-5.svg British RAF OF-4.svg British RAF OF-3.svg British RAF OF-2.svg British RAF OF-1b.svg British RAF OF-1a.svg UK-RAF-OFD.svg No equivalent
Marshal of the RAF1 Air Chief Marshal Air Marshal Air Vice-Marshal Air Commodore Group Captain Wing Commander Squadron Leader Flight Lieutenant Flying Officer Pilot Officer
/Acting Pilot Officer
Officer Cadet
Abbreviation MRAF Air Chf Mshl Air Mshl AVM Air Cdre Gp Capt Wg Cdr Sqn Ldr Flt Lt Fg Off Plt Off Off Cdt NA [1]
  • 1 Currently honorary/wartime rank only.

Origins[edit]

Lieutenant General David Henderson originally proposed that Royal Air Force officers use a combination of British Army and Royal Navy ranks. However, the War Office argued that the RAF should have its own ranks and the Admiralty opposed any use of their rank titles.[2]

Badges of rank[edit]

On 1 April 1918, Air Force Memorandum 2 specified rank insignia for the newly established independent force. Rank was to be worn on the jacket cuff and was derived from the Royal Navy's rings, each equivalent rank having the same number of rings. However, second lieutenants (now pilot officers) displayed a crowned eagle only and the Navy's loop was not used for any rank.[3] Depending on the uniform, either gold or pale blue on grey braid was worn.

In August 1918, Air Ministry Weekly Order 617 added a single band of 14-inch (6 mm) braid below the second lieutenant's eagle and all other officer ranks also received a crowned eagle above their braid.

RAF mess dress cuff insignia for a flight lieutenant

In 1919 the colour of the rank braid was changed to black with a central pale blue stripe. However, on RAF mess dress rank continued to be displayed in gold.

Sleeve ranks[edit]

The ranks worn on the sleeve are common to all RAF uniform variants incorporating the Jacket. The centre of the rank (measured from the bottom of the lowest braid to the top of the highest) should be 3 34 inches (9.5 cm) from the cuff and each row of braiding should have a space of 18 inch (3 mm) from other rows. The thinnest braid, as found on the pilot officer's rank (and in the middle of the squadron leader's rank), is 14 inch (6 mm); the flying officer's braid common to all the ranks except air commodore and pilot officer, is 12 inch (1.3 cm), and the thickest braid, as found on all air officer ranks, is 2 inches (5.1 cm).

Shoulder boards[edit]

Air officers' ceremonial shoulder board
Shoulder board of marshal of the RAF

Shoulder boards (as shown) are worn by officers of general rank equivalent (Air Commodore and above). Officers entitled to wear aiguillettes and/or the Royal Cypher, AVMs and above, the Director of Nursing Services, and those officers assigned to certain 1-Star posts, wear plain blue shoulder boards when in No 1 Service Dress. AVMs and above and those officers assigned to the 1-Star posts of Comdt RAFC Cranwell, Air Officer Wales and Air Officer Scotland wear distinctive unranked ceremonial shoulder boards when in No 1A (ceremonial day) dress. If these officers wear a greatcoat, gold ranked shoulder straps in Crombie material are used.[4] Officers of the rank of Marshal of the Royal Air Force have a distinctive set of shoulder boards with greater decoration.

Rank titles[edit]

As mentioned above, it was originally proposed that the RAF ranks were to be derived from existing Royal Navy and Army ranks. Both services were consulted and both reacted unfavourably—the Navy unhappy about the use of its higher ranks and the Army complaining it provided the "junior ranks". This resulted in a compromise whereby the officer ranks were proposed to be: ensign, lieutenant, flight leader, squadron leader, reeve, banneret, fourth ardian, third ardian, second ardian, ardian and air marshal. A further proposal was: ensign, lieutenant, flight-leader, squadron-leader, wing-leader, leader, flight ardian, squadron ardian, wing ardian, ardian, air marshal.

Unsurprisingly, perhaps, these contrived ranks were rejected and on 1 August 1919, Air Ministry Weekly Order 973 introduced new rank titles for RAF officers. They were based on Royal Navy ranks and their titles were influenced by the usage in the Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) during World War I. For example, the RAF rank of flight lieutenant was based on the RNAS rank of the same name. The rank of squadron leader derived its name from the RNAS rank of squadron commander. Initially the highest rank was titled marshal of the air. However, only a few days after it was promulgated, this rank title was changed to marshal of the Royal Air Force at the request of King George V, his belief being that the former sounded too much like it encroached on the attributes of God.

Composite braid[edit]

Composite braid as worn by a squadron leader

RAF officers typically wear composite braid rank slides with their working and operational uniforms. Composite braid consists of a single piece of fabric, where the "background" between the rank rings is made from blue-grey or olive green material. Composite braid rank slides are often referred to as "bar-code" in RAF slang.

Command flags[edit]

UK-Air-OF10-Flag.svg
MRAF
UK-Air-OF9-Flag.svg
Air Chf Mshl
UK-Air-OF8-Flag.svg
Air Mshl
UK-Air-OF7-Flag.svg
AVM
UK-Air-OF6-Flag.svg
Air Cdre
UK-Air-OF5-Flag.svg
Gp Capt
UK-Air-OF4-Flag.svg
Wg Cdr
UK-Air-OF3-Flag.svg
Sqn Ldr

Distinction between ranks and appointments[edit]

Many RAF ranks do not imply the appointment or duties of an officer. For example, a Pilot Officer may well not be trained to pilot an aircraft. In fact, pilots skip the rank of Pilot Officer and go from Officer Cadet to Flying Officer on graduation from officer training school at RAF Cranwell. A Squadron Leader does not necessarily command a squadron, nor a Wing Commander necessarily command a wing, nor a Group Captain command a group.

RAF Air Cadets (Air Training Corps and Combined Cadet Force)[edit]

The majority of officers in the Air Cadet Organisation (ATC and CCF(RAF)) are volunteers commissioned into RAF Air Cadets and then appointed to service with the Air Training Corps or Combined Cadet Force (RAF). They are no longer Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve (Training) (RAFVRT) commissioned officers. They are identified by the gold badge stating: " RAF AIR CADETS" on the uniform lapels or centrally on shoulder rank slides to identify them as Cadet Force Adult Volunteers. Volunteer officers who are members of an Air Experience Flight (AEF) and who are pilots of aircraft providing air experience flying to Air Cadets and University Air Squadrons (UAS) continue to hold the VR(T) commission.

RAF Air Cadets Officers use the rank system identical to the regular RAF, but the highest substantive rank is Flying Officer. Higher ranks within the Air Cadet organisation are acting appointments, up to Wing Commander. Other senior ranked appointments are generally full-time staff positions (such as Regional Commandants and Commandant Air Cadets) held by regular and reserve (RAFR/FTRS) RAF officers. In certain circumstances, Honorary Appointments within the RAF Air Cadets may be made, however the rank may vary.

Other air forces[edit]

Navies Armies Air forces
Commissioned officers
Admiral of
the fleet
Field marshal or
General of the Army
Marshal of
the air force
Admiral General Air chief marshal
Vice admiral Lieutenant general Air marshal
Rear admiral Major general Air vice-marshal
Commodore Brigadier or
brigadier general
Air commodore
Captain Colonel Group captain
Commander Lieutenant colonel Wing commander
Lieutenant
commander
Major or
Commandant
Squadron leader
Lieutenant Captain Flight lieutenant
Lieutenant
junior grade
or
sub-lieutenant
Lieutenant or
first lieutenant
Flying officer
Ensign or
midshipman
Second lieutenant Pilot officer
Officer cadet Officer cadet Flight cadet
Enlisted grades
Warrant officer or
chief petty officer
Warrant officer or
sergeant major
Warrant officer
Petty officer Sergeant Sergeant
Leading seaman Corporal or
bombardier
Corporal
Seaman Private or
gunner or
trooper
Aircraftman or
airman
Talk·View

The following air forces use a similar or identical officer rank structure and rank insignia to the RAF:

Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Australia Australia
(Edit)
Australia RAAF OF-10.svg Australia RAAF OF-9.svg Australia RAAF OF-8.svg Australia RAAF OF-7.svg Australia RAAF OF-6.svg Australia RAAF OF-5.svg Australia RAAF OF-4.svg Australia RAAF OF-3.svg Australia RAAF OF-2.svg Australia RAAF OF-1b.svg Australia RAAF OF-1a.svg Australia RAAF OF (D).svg
Marshal of the RAAF Air chief marshal Air marshal Air vice-marshal Air commodore Group captain Wing commander Squadron leader Flight lieutenant Flying officer Pilot officer Officer cadet


Bangladesh Bangladesh
(Edit)
No equivalent UK-Air-OF9.svg UK-Air-OF8.svg UK-Air-OF7.svg UK-Air-OF6.svg UK-Air-OF5.svg UK-Air-OF4.svg UK-Air-OF3.svg UK-Air-OF2.svg UK-Air-OF1A.svg UK-Air-OF1B.svg None.svg
Air Chief Marshal Air Marshal Air Vice-Marshal Air Commodore Group Captain Wing Commander Squadron Leader Flight Lieutenant Flying Officer Pilot Officer Officer cadet


Chile Chile
(Edit)
No equivalent Air General Aviation General Air Brigade General Commodore Aviation Colonel Group Commander Squadron Commander Flight Captain Lieutenant Sub-Lieutenant Ensign Cadet
Air General
General de Aire
Aviation General
General de Aviación
Air Brigade General
General de Brigada Aérea
Commodore
Comodoro
Aviation Colonel
Coronel de Aviación
Group Commander
Comandante de Grupo
Squadron Commander
Comandante de Escuadrilla
Flight Captain
Capitán de Bandada
Lieutenant
Teniente
Sublieutenant
Subteniente
Ensign
Alférez
Officer Cadet
Cadete


Ghana Ghana
(Edit)
No equivalent 16.Ghana Air Force-GEN.svg 15.Ghana Air Force-LG.svg 14.Ghana Air Force-MG.svg 13.Ghana Air Force-BG.svg 12.Ghana Air Force-COL.svg 11.Ghana Air Force-LTC.svg 10.Ghana Air Force-MAJ.svg 09.Ghana Air Force-CPT.svg 08.Ghana Air Force-1LT.svg 07.Ghana Air Force-2LT.svg No equivalent
Air Chief Marshal Air Marshal Air Vice-Marshal Air Commodore Group Captain Wing Commander Squadron Leader Flight Lieutenant Flying Officer Pilot Officer


Greece Greece
(Edit)
No equivalent Hellenic Air Force OF-9.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-8.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-7.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-6.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-5.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-4.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-3.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-2.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-1A.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-1B.svg No equivalent
Air Chief Marshal Air Marshal Air Vice-Marshal Air Commodore Group Captain Wing Commander Squadron Leader Flight Lieutenant Flying Officer Pilot Officer
Πτέραρχος Αντιπτέραρχος Υποπτέραρχος Ταξίαρχος Σμήναρχος Αντισμήναρχος Επισμηναγός Σμηναγός Υποσμηναγός Ανθυποσμηναγός


India India
(Edit)
India-AirForce-OF-10-collected.svg India-AirForce-OF-9-collected.svg India-AirForce-OF-8-collected.svg India-AirForce-OF-7-collected.svg India-AirForce-OF-6-collected.svg British RAF OF-5.svg British RAF OF-4.svg British RAF OF-3.svg British RAF OF-2.svg British RAF OF-1b.svg Unknown
Marshal of the IAF Air Chief Marshal Air Marshal Air Vice-Marshal Air Commodore Group Captain Wing Commander Squadron Leader Flight Lieutenant Flying Officer


Namibia Namibia
(Edit)
No equivalent
14-Namibia Air Force-AVM.svg 13-Namibia Air Force-AIRCDRE.svg 12-Namibia Air Force-GPCAPT.svg 11-Namibia Air Force-WGCDR.svg 10-Namibia Air Force-SQNLDR.svg 09-Namibia Air Force-FLTLT.svg 08-Namibia Air Force-FLGOFF.svg 07-Namibia Air Force-PLTOFF.svg No equivalent
Air vice marshal Air commodore Group captain Wing commander Squadron leader Flight lieutenant Flying officer Pilot officer


New Zealand New Zealand
(Edit)
Marshal of the RNZAF No equivalent Air marshal Air vice-marshal Air commodore Group captain Wing commander Squadron leader Flight lieutenant Flying officer Pilot officer None.svg
Marshal of the RNZAF Air marshal Air vice-marshal Air commodore Group captain Wing commander Squadron leader Flight lieutenant Flying officer Pilot officer Officer cadet


Nigeria Nigeria
(Edit)
None.svg Nigeria-AirForce-OF-9.svg Nigeria-AirForce-OF-8.svg Nigeria-AirForce-OF-7.svg Nigeria-AirForce-OF-6.svg Nigeria-AirForce-OF-5.svg Nigeria-AirForce-OF-4.svg Nigeria-AirForce-OF-3.svg Nigeria-AirForce-OF-2.svg Nigeria-AirForce-OF-1b.svg Nigeria-AirForce-OF-1a.svg No equivalent
Marshal of the Air Force Air Chief Marshal Air Marshal Air Vice-Marshal Air Commodore Group Captain Wing Commander Squadron Leader Flight Lieutenant Flying Officer Pilot Officer


Sri Lanka Sri Lanka
(Edit)
No equivalent UK-Air-OF9.svg UK-Air-OF8.svg UK-Air-OF7.svg UK-Air-OF6.svg UK-Air-OF5.svg UK-Air-OF4.svg UK-Air-OF3.svg UK-Air-OF2.svg UK-Air-OF1A.svg UK-Air-OF1B.svg None.svg
Air Chief Marshal Air Marshal Air Vice-Marshal Air Commodore Group Captain Wing Commander Squadron Leader Flight Lieutenant Flying Officer Pilot Officer Officer cadet


Thailand Thailand
(Edit)
Marshal of the Royal Thai Air Force Air Chief Marshal Air Marshal Air Vice Marshal Air Commodore Group Captain Wing Commander Squadron Leader Flight Lieutenant Flying Officer Pilot Officer None.svg
จอมพลอากาศ พลอากาศเอก พลอากาศโท พลอากาศตรี พลอากาศจัตวา นาวาอากาศเอก นาวาอากาศโท นาวาอากาศตรี เรืออากาศเอก เรืออากาศโท เรืออากาศตรี นักเรียนนายเรืออากาศ
Marshal of the Air Force Air Chief Marshal Air Marshal Air Vice Marshal Air Commodore Group Captain Wing Commander Squadron Leader Flight Lieutenant Flying Officer Pilot Officer Air Cadet


Zimbabwe Zimbabwe
(Edit)
No equivalent None.svg None.svg None.svg CDN-Air Force-Gen.svg CDN-Air Force-Col.svg CDN-Air Force-LCol.svg CDN-Air Force-Maj.svg CDN-Air Force-Capt.svg CDN-Air Force-2Lt.svg CDN-Air Force-OCdt.svg No equivalent
Air Chief Marshal Air Marshal Air Vice-Marshal Air Commodore Group Captain Wing Commander Squadron Leader Flight Lieutenant Flying Officer Pilot Officer


Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer

The following air forces use a similar or identical officer rank structure to the RAF, but use army-style rank insignia:

Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Egypt Egypt
(Edit)
No equivalent Egypt Air Force - OF09.svg Egypt Air Force - OF08.svg Egypt Air Force - OF07.svg Egypt Air Force - OF06.svg Egypt Air Force - OF05.svg Egypt Air Force - OF04.svg Egypt Air Force - OF03.svg Egypt Air Force - OF02.svg Egypt Air Force - OF01b.svg Egypt Air Force - OF01a.svg Unknown
Air Chief Marshal
(فريق أول)
Air Marshal
(فريق)‎‎
Air Vice-Marshal
(لواء‎‎)
Air Commodore
(عميد‎‎)
Group Captain
(عقيد‎‎)
Wing commander
(مقدم)
Squadron Leader
(رائد‎‎)
Flight Lieutenant
(نقيب‎‎)
Flying Officer
(ملازم أول)
Pilot Officer
(ملازم‎‎)


Pakistan Pakistan
(Edit)
No equivalent Pak-air-force-OF-9.svg Pak-air-force-OF-8.svg Pak-air-force-OF-7.svg Pak-air-force-OF-6.svg Pak-air-force-OF-5.svg Pak-air-force-OF-4.svg Pak-air-force-OF-3.svg Pak-air-force-OF-2.svg Pak-air-force-OF-1b.svg Pak-air-force-OF-1a.svg Unknown
Air Chief Marshal Air Marshal Air Vice-Marshal Air Commodore Group Captain Wing Commander Squadron Leader Flight Lieutenant Flying Officer Pilot Officer


Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer

The following air forces use rank insignia for their officers which are similar or identical to that of the RAF, but employ army rank titles:

Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Afghanistan Afghanistan
(Edit)
19. AAF-GAF.svg 18. AAF-GEN.svg 17. AAF-LG.svg 16. AAF-MG.svg 15. AAF-BG.svg 14. AAF-COL.svg 13. AAF-LTC.svg 12. AAF-MAJ.svg 11. AAF-CAPT.svg 10. AAF-JCPT.svg 09. AAF-1LT.svg 08. AAF-2LT.svg 07. AAF-J2LT.svg Unknown
General of the Air Force
مارشال
General
ستار جنرال
Lieutenant General
دگار جنرال
Major General
توران جنرال
Brigadier General
برید جنرال
Colonel
دگاروال
Lieutenant Colonel
دگارمان
Major
جاگران
Captain
جاگ توران
Junior Captain
توران
First Lieutenant
لمری بریدمان
Second Lieutenant
دواهوم بریدمان
Junior Second Lieutenant
دریوم بریدمان


Argentina Argentina
(Edit)
No equivalent Fuerza Aerea Argentina - Brigadier General.svg Fuerza Aerea Argentina - Brigadier Mayor.svg Fuerza Aerea Argentina - Brigadier.svg No equivalent Fuerza Aerea Argentina - Comodoro.svg Fuerza Aerea Argentina - Vicecomodoro.svg Fuerza Aerea Argentina - Mayor.svg Fuerza Aerea Argentina - Capitán.svg Fuerza Aerea Argentina - Primer Teniente.svg Fuerza Aerea Argentina - Teniente.svg Fuerza Aerea Argentina - Alférez.svg Unknown
Brigadier General
(Brigadier General)
Brigadier Mayor
(Brigadier-Major)
Brigadier
(Brigadier)
Comodoro
(Commodore)
Vicecomodoro
(Vice-Commodore)
Mayor
(Major)
Capitán
(Captain)
Primer Teniente
(First Lieutenant)
Teniente
(Lieutenant)
Alférez
(Ensign)


Belgium Belgium
(Edit)
No equivalent BE-Air Force-OF9.svg BE-Air Force-OF8.svg BE-Air Force-OF7.svg BE-Air Force-OF6.svg BE-Air Force-OF5.svg BE-Air Force-OF4.svg BE-Air Force-OF3.svg BE-Air Force-OF2a.svg BE-Air Force-OF2b.svg BE-Air Force-OF1a.svg BE-Air Force-OF1b.svg No equivalent
General Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier General Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Commandant Captain Lieutenant Sub-lieutenant
Generaal Luitenant-generaal Generaal-majoor Brigadegeneraal Kolonel Luitenant-kolonel Majoor Kapitein-commandant Kapitein Luitenant Onderluitenant
Général Lieutenant général Général-major Général de Brigade Colonel Lieutenant-colonel Major Capitaine-commandant Capitaine Lieutenant Sous-lieutenant


Canada Canada
(Edit)
No equivalent Canada-Air force-OF-9-collected.svg Canada-Air force-OF-8-collected.svg Canada-Air force-OF-7-collected.svg Canada-Air force-OF-6-collected.svg Canadian RCAF OF-5.svg Canadian RCAF OF-4.svg Canadian RCAF OF-3.svg Canadian RCAF OF-2.svg Canadian RCAF OF-1b.svg Canadian RCAF OF-1a.svg Canadian RCAF OF (D).svg No equivalent
General Lieutenant General Major-general Brigadier-general Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Officer Cadet
Général Lieutenant-général Major-général Brigadier-général Colonel Lieutenant-colonel Major Capitaine Lieutenant Sous-lieutenant Élève-officier


Denmark Denmark
(Edit)
No equivalent RDAF Gen.svg RDAF Lt Gen.svg RDAF Maj Gen.svg RDAF Brig Gen.svg RDAF Col.svg RDAF Lt Col.svg RDAF Maj.svg RDAF Capt.svg RDAF 1st Lt.svg RDAF Fly Off.svg RDAF 2nd Lt.svg No equivalent
General Generalløjtnant Generalmajor Brigadegeneral Oberst Oberstløjtnant Major Kaptajn Premierløjtnant Løjtnant Sekondløjtnant


Eritrea Eritrea
(Edit)
No equivalent
13. EAF-MG.svg 12. EAF-BG.svg 11. EAF-COL.svg 10. EAF-LTC.svg 09. EAF-MAJ.svg 08. EAF-CAPT.svg 07. EAF-1LT.svg 06. EAF-2LT.svg Unknown
Major General Brigadier General Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain First Lieutenant Second lieutenant


Finland Finland
(Edit)
No equivalent Finland-AirForce-OF-9.svgFinland-AirForce-OF-9-sleeve.svg Finland-AirForce-OF-8.svgFinland-AirForce-OF-8-sleeve.svg Finland-AirForce-OF-7.svgFinland-AirForce-OF-7-sleeve.svg Finland-AirForce-OF-6.svgFinland-AirForce-OF-6-sleeve.svg Finland-AirForce-OF-5.svgFinland-AirForce-OF-5-sleeve.svg Finland-AirForce-OF-4.svgFinland-AirForce-OF-4-sleeve.svg Finland-AirForce-OF-3.svgFinland-AirForce-OF-3-sleeve.svg Finland-AirForce-OF-2.svgFinland-AirForce-OF-2-sleeve.svg Finland-AirForce-OF-1c.svgFinland-AirForce-OF-1c-sleeve.svg Finland-AirForce-OF-1b.svgFinland-AirForce-OF-1b-sleeve.svg Finland-AirForce-OF-1a.svgFinland-AirForce-OF-1a-sleeve.svg Officer Candidate Officer Student
Kenraali
General
Kenraaliluutnantti
Generallöjtnant
Kenraalimajuri
Generalmajor
Prikaatikenraali
Brigadgeneral
Eversti
Överste
Everstiluutnantti
Överstelöjtnant
Majuri
Major
Kapteeni
Kapten
Yliluutnantti
Premiärlöjtnant
Luutnantti
Löjtnant
Vänrikki
Fänrik
Upseerikokelas
Officersaspirant
Upseerioppilas
Officerselev


Italy Italy
(Edit)
IT-Airforce-OF-10.png IT-Airforce-OF-9s.png IT-Airforce-OF-9.png IT-Airforce-OF-8.png IT-Airforce-OF-7.png IT-Airforce-OF-5.png IT-Airforce-OF-4.png IT-Airforce-OF-3.png IT-Airforce-OF3s.png IT-Airforce-OF3.png IT-Airforce-OF2.png IT-Airforce-OF1.png No equivalent
Generale
awarded only to the Chief of Defense Staff
Generale di Squadra Aerea con Incarichi Speciali Generale di Squadra Aerea Generale di Divisione Aerea Generale di Brigata Aerea Colonnello Tenente Colonnello Maggiore Primo capitano Capitano Tenente Sottotenente


Republic of Ireland Ireland
(Edit)
No equivalent
Ireland-AirForce-OF-7.svg Ireland-AirForce-OF-6.svg Ireland-AirForce-OF-5.svg Ireland-AirForce-OF-4.svg Ireland-AirForce-OF-3.svg Ireland-AirForce-OF-2.svg Ireland-AirForce-OF-1b.svg Ireland-AirForce-OF-1a.svg Cadet (Irish Air Corps).png
Major general
Maor-ghinearál
Brigadier general
Briogáidire-ghinearál
Colonel
Coirnéal
Lieutenant colonel
Leifteanantchoirnéal
Commandant
Ceannfort
Captain
Captaen
Lieutenant
Leifteanant
Second lieutenant
Dara-leifteanant
Officer cadet
Dalta


Malaysia Malaysia
(Edit)
Malaysia-Air Force-OF-10.svg Malaysia-Air Force-OF-9.svg Malaysia-Air Force-OF-8.svg Malaysia-Air Force-OF-7.svg Malaysia-Air Force-OF-6.svg Colonel of Royal Malaysian Air Force.png Lieutenant Colonel of Royal Malaysian Air Force.png Major of Royal Malaysian Air Force.png Captain of Royal Malaysian Air Force.png Lieutenant of Royal Malaysian Air Force.png 2nd Lieutenant of Royal Malaysian Air Force.png No insignia
Marshal of the Air Force General Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier General Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Sublieutenant Officer Cadet
Marsyal Tentera Udara Jeneral Leftenan Jeneral Mejar Jeneral Brigedier Jeneral Kolonel Leftenan Kolonel Mejar Kapten Leftenan Leftenan Muda Pegawai Kadet


Netherlands Netherlands
(Edit)
No equivalent Netherlands-AirForce-OF-9.svg Netherlands-AirForce-OF-8.svg Netherlands-AirForce-OF-7.svg Netherlands-AirForce-OF-6.svg Netherlands-AirForce-OF-5.svg Netherlands-AirForce-OF-4.svg Netherlands-AirForce-OF-3.svg Netherlands-AirForce-OF-2.svg Netherlands-AirForce-OF-1b.svg Netherlands-AirForce-OF-1a.svg Netherlands-AirForce-OF-(D).svg No equivalent
Generaal Luitenant-generaal Generaal-majoor Commodore Kolonel Luitenant-kolonel Majoor Kapitein Eerste-luitenant Tweede-luitenant Vaandrig


Peru Peru
(Edit)
No equivalent None.svg None.svg None.svg No equivalent None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg
General del Aire Teniente General Mayor General Coronel Comandante Mayor Capitán Teniente Alférez Cadete F.A.P.


Romania Romania
(Edit)
Romania-Army-OF-10.svg Romania-AirForce-OF-9.svg Romania-AirForce-OF-8.svg Romania-AirForce-OF-7.svg Romania-AirForce-OF-6.svg Romania-AirForce-OF-5.svg Romania-AirForce-OF-4.svg Romania-AirForce-OF-3.svg Romania-AirForce-OF-2.svg Romania-AirForce-OF-1b.svg Romania-AirForce-OF-1a.svg No equivalent
Mareșal1 General General-Locotenent General-Maior General de Flotilă Aeriană Comandor Căpitan-Comandor Locotenent-Comandor Căpitan Locotenent Sublocotenent


South Africa South Africa
(Edit)
No equivalent SAAF-OF-9.svg SAAF-OF-8.svg SAAF-OF-7.svg SAAF-OF-6.svg SAAF-OF-5.svg SAAF-OF-4.svg SAAF-OF-3.svg SAAF-OF-2.svg SAAF-OF-1b.svg SAAF-OF-1a.svg SAAF-Candidate Offr.svg
General Lieutenant general Major general Brigadier general Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second lieutenant Officer candidate


Sweden Sweden
(Edit)
No equivalent OF-9 General FV hylsa.jpg
OF-9 General FV mäss.jpg
OF-8 Generallöjtnant FV hylsa.jpg
OF-8 Generallöjtnant FV mäss.jpg
OF-7 Generalmajor FV hylsa.jpg
OF-7 Generalmajor FV mäss.jpg
OF-6 Brigadgeneral FV hylsa.jpg
OF-6 Brigadgeneral FV mäss.jpg
OF-5 Överste FV hylsa.jpg OF-4 Överstelöjtnant FV hylsa.jpg OF-3 Major FV hylsa.jpg OF-2 Kapten FV hylsa.jpg OF-1 Löjtnant FV hylsa.jpg OF-1 Fänrik FV hylsa.jpg
General Generallöjtnant Generalmajor Brigadgeneral Överste Överstelöjtnant Major Kapten Löjtnant Fänrik


Uruguay Uruguay
(Edit)
No equivalent
None.svg None.svg No equivalent None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg
Teniente General Mayor General Coronel Teniente Coronel Mayor Capitán Teniente Primero Teniente Segundo Alférez


Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer

The following air forces formerly used a similar or identical officer rank structure to the RAF:

The following air forces formerly used similar rank insignia to the RAF:

General Charles Horner, USAF, wearing the short-lived USAF silver sleeve braid rank insignia, similar in concept but not colour to the RAF officer ranks

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Armitage, Michael (1998). The Royal Air Force : an illustrated history (2 ed.). London: Brockhampton Press. p. 280. ISBN 1-86019-851-1.
  2. ^ Hering, Peter George (1961). Customs and traditions of the Royal Air Force. Aldershot: Gale and Polden Ltd. pp. 21, 22. OCLC 462209238.
  3. ^ "Commissioned Ranks of the Royal Air Force April 1918 - Aug 1919 Initial Uniform Design". Air of Authority. Retrieved 31 March 2017.
  4. ^ "RAF AP 1358, CHAP 7 - DISTINGUISHING INSIGNIA" (PDF). MOD. 2 August 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 March 2017. Retrieved 31 March 2017.
  5. ^ "Royal Australian Air Force / Royal Australian Air Force". Uniforminsignia.org. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  6. ^ "Royal New Zealand Air Force /". Uniforminsignia.org. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  7. ^ "Hellenic Air Force / Πολεμική Αεροπορία - Polemikí Aeroporía". Uniforminsignia.org. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  8. ^ "The Nigerian Air Force Service, Colours, Wings and Rank Structure". Nigerianairforce.net. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  9. ^ "Indian Air Force / भारतीय वायु सेना / Bhartiya Vāyu Sen&#257". Uniforminsignia.org. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  10. ^ "Bangladesh Air Force / বাংলাদেশ বিমান বাহিনী - Bangladesh Biman Bahini". Uniforminsignia.org. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  11. ^ "Sri Lanka Air Force /". Uniforminsignia.org. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  12. ^ "Ghana Air Force /". Uniforminsignia.org. 16 December 2012. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  13. ^ "Air Force of Zimbabwe / Air Force of Zimbabwe". Uniforminsignia.org. 4 August 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  14. ^ "Royal Thai Air Force / กองทัพอากาศไทย - Kong Thab Akat Thai". Uniforminsignia.org. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  15. ^ "Chilean Air Force / Fuerza Aérea de Chile". Uniforminsignia.org. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  16. ^ "Pakistan Air Force - PAF / پاک فضائیہ - Pak Fiza´ya". Uniforminsignia.org. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  17. ^ "Egyptian Air Force / القوات الجوية المصري&#1577". Uniforminsignia.org. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  18. ^ "Afghan National Air Corps /". Uniforminsignia.org. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  19. ^ "Argentine Air Force / Fuerza Aérea Argentina". Uniforminsignia.org. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  20. ^ "Belgian Air Component / Luchtcomponent-Composante". Uniforminsignia.org. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  21. ^ "Eritrean Air Force /". Uniforminsignia.org. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  22. ^ "Finnish Air Force / Suomen ilmavoimat / Finska flygvapnet". Uniforminsignia.org. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  23. ^ (PDF) http://www.mil.se/attachments/the_facts_2006_2007_eng.pdf. Retrieved 1 March 2007. Missing or empty |title= (help)[dead link]
  24. ^ "Royal Malaysian Air Force / Tentera Udara DiRaja Malaysia". Uniforminsignia.org. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  25. ^ "Peruvian Air Force / Fuerza Aérea del Perú". Uniforminsignia.org. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  26. ^ "Royal Netherlands Air Force / Koninklijke Luchtmacht". Uniforminsignia.org. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  27. ^ "Royal Danish Air Force / Flyvevåbnet". Uniforminsignia.org. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  28. ^ "Air Force / Aeronautica Militare". Uniforminsignia.org. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  29. ^ "Romanian Air Force / Forţele Aeriene Române". Uniforminsignia.org. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  30. ^ "Romanian Air Force / Forţele Aeriene Române". Uniforminsignia.org. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  31. ^ "South African Air Force /". Uniforminsignia.org. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  32. ^ "Royal Canadian Air Force". Uniforminsignia.org. 5 May 2015. Retrieved 26 July 2017.
  33. ^ "Irish Air Corps / Aer Chór na hÉireann". Uniforminsignia.org. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  34. ^ "Uruguayan Air Force / Fuerza Aérea Uruguaya". Uniforminsignia.org. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  35. ^ "Canadian Air Force / Canadian Forces Air Command - AIRCOM". Uniforminsignia.org. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  36. ^ "Royal Rhodesian Air Force /". Uniforminsignia.org. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  37. ^ "Republic of Singapore Air Force / 新加坡空军部队 - Angkatan Udara Republik Singapura - சிங்கப்பூர் ஆகாயப்பட&#3016". Uniforminsignia.org. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  38. ^ "U.S. Air Force / United States Air Force". Uniforminsignia.org. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  39. ^ Although the USAF discontinued the RAF-pattern rank insignia introduced by General Merrill McPeak in 1994, U.S. Air Force Academy, college & university Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps, and Air Force Officer Training School officer cadets use identical insignia today.
  40. ^ "Pakistan Air Force - PAF / پاک فضائیہ - Pak Fiza´ya". Uniforminsignia.org. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  41. ^ "Royal Air Force of Oman / al-Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Sultanat Oman". Uniforminsignia.org. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  42. ^ "Air Force /". Uniforminsignia.org. 5 January 2013. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  43. ^ "Air Force of the Democratic Republic of the Congo / Force Aérienne du Congo". Uniforminsignia.org. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  44. ^ "Air Force /". Uniforminsignia.org. 5 January 2013. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  45. ^ "Air Force / Force Aérienne". Uniforminsignia.org. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2013.

References[edit]

  • Hobart, Malcolm. Badges and Uniforms of the Royal Air Force. London/Barnsley, England: Leo Cooper/Pen & Sword Books Ltd., 2000. ISBN 0-85052-739-2.

External links[edit]