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Protein RALGDS PDB 1lfd.png
Available structures
PDB Ortholog search: PDBe RCSB
Aliases RALGDS, RGDS, RGF, RalGEF, ral guanine nucleotide dissociation stimulator
External IDs MGI: 107485 HomoloGene: 4562 GeneCards: RALGDS
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE RALGDS 209050 s at fs.png

PBB GE RALGDS 209051 s at fs.png
More reference expression data
Species Human Mouse
RefSeq (mRNA)



RefSeq (protein)



Location (UCSC) Chr 9: 133.1 – 133.15 Mb Chr 2: 28.51 – 28.55 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]
View/Edit Human View/Edit Mouse

Ral guanine nucleotide dissociation stimulator is a protein that in humans is encoded by the RALGDS gene.[3][4]


RALGDS has been shown to interact with:


  1. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:". 
  2. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:". 
  3. ^ a b Hofer F, Fields S, Schneider C, Martin GS (December 1994). "Activated Ras interacts with the Ral guanine nucleotide dissociation stimulator". Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 91 (23): 11089–93. doi:10.1073/pnas.91.23.11089. PMC 45172Freely accessible. PMID 7972015. 
  4. ^ "Entrez Gene: RALGDS ral guanine nucleotide dissociation stimulator". 
  5. ^ a b Bhattacharya M, Anborgh PH, Babwah AV, Dale LB, Dobransky T, Benovic JL, Feldman RD, Verdi JM, Rylett RJ, Ferguson SS (August 2002). "Beta-arrestins regulate a Ral-GDS Ral effector pathway that mediates cytoskeletal reorganization". Nat. Cell Biol. 4 (8): 547–55. doi:10.1038/ncb821. PMID 12105416. 
  6. ^ a b c d Spaargaren M, Bischoff JR (December 1994). "Identification of the guanine nucleotide dissociation stimulator for Ral as a putative effector molecule of R-ras, H-ras, K-ras, and Rap". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 91 (26): 12609–13. doi:10.1073/pnas.91.26.12609. PMC 45488Freely accessible. PMID 7809086. 
  7. ^ a b Boettner B, Govek EE, Cross J, Van Aelst L (August 2000). "The junctional multidomain protein AF-6 is a binding partner of the Rap1A GTPase and associates with the actin cytoskeletal regulator profilin". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97 (16): 9064–9. doi:10.1073/pnas.97.16.9064. PMC 16822Freely accessible. PMID 10922060. 
  8. ^ a b Li W, Han M, Guan KL (April 2000). "The leucine-rich repeat protein SUR-8 enhances MAP kinase activation and forms a complex with Ras and Raf". Genes Dev. 14 (8): 895–900. PMC 316541Freely accessible. PMID 10783161. 
  9. ^ Mitin NY, Ramocki MB, Zullo AJ, Der CJ, Konieczny SF, Taparowsky EJ (May 2004). "Identification and characterization of rain, a novel Ras-interacting protein with a unique subcellular localization". J. Biol. Chem. 279 (21): 22353–61. doi:10.1074/jbc.M312867200. PMID 15031288. 
  10. ^ Miller MJ, Prigent S, Kupperman E, Rioux L, Park SH, Feramisco JR, White MA, Rutkowski JL, Meinkoth JL (February 1997). "RalGDS functions in Ras- and cAMP-mediated growth stimulation". J. Biol. Chem. 272 (9): 5600–5. doi:10.1074/jbc.272.9.5600. PMID 9038168. 
  11. ^ Rodriguez-Viciana P, Warne PH, Khwaja A, Marte BM, Pappin D, Das P, Waterfield MD, Ridley A, Downward J (May 1997). "Role of phosphoinositide 3-OH kinase in cell transformation and control of the actin cytoskeleton by Ras". Cell. 89 (3): 457–67. doi:10.1016/s0092-8674(00)80226-3. PMID 9150145. 
  12. ^ Stang S, Bottorff D, Stone JC (June 1997). "Interaction of activated Ras with Raf-1 alone may be sufficient for transformation of rat2 cells". Mol. Cell. Biol. 17 (6): 3047–55. PMC 232157Freely accessible. PMID 9154803. 
  13. ^ Kimmelman A, Tolkacheva T, Lorenzi MV, Osada M, Chan AM (November 1997). "Identification and characterization of R-ras3: a novel member of the RAS gene family with a non-ubiquitous pattern of tissue distribution". Oncogene. 15 (22): 2675–85. doi:10.1038/sj.onc.1201674. PMID 9400994. 
  14. ^ Ehrhardt GR, Leslie KB, Lee F, Wieler JS, Schrader JW (October 1999). "M-Ras, a widely expressed 29-kD homologue of p21 Ras: expression of a constitutively active mutant results in factor-independent growth of an interleukin-3-dependent cell line". Blood. 94 (7): 2433–44. PMID 10498616. 
  15. ^ a b Nancy V, Wolthuis RM, de Tand MF, Janoueix-Lerosey I, Bos JL, de Gunzburg J (March 1999). "Identification and characterization of potential effector molecules of the Ras-related GTPase Rap2". J. Biol. Chem. 274 (13): 8737–45. doi:10.1074/jbc.274.13.8737. PMID 10085114. 

Further reading[edit]