RCD Espanyol

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Espanyol
Rcd espanyol logo.svg
Full name Reial Club Deportiu
Espanyol de Barcelona, S.A.D.
Nickname(s) Periquitos (Budgerigars) Blanquiazules (White and Blue) Mágico (Magical)
Founded 28 October 1900; 117 years ago (28 October 1900)
as Sociedad Española de Football
Ground RCDE Stadium
Ground Capacity 40,500[1]
Owner Rastar Managerial Group[2]
President Chen Yansheng
Manager Quique Sánchez Flores[3]
League La Liga
2016–17 La Liga, 8th
Website Club website
Current season

Reial Club Deportiu Espanyol de Barcelona (Catalan pronunciation: [rəˈjaɫ ˈkɫub dəpurˈtiw əspəˈɲɔɫ də βərsəˈɫonə]; Royal Spanish Sports Club of Barcelona), commonly known as RCD Espanyol, or simply as Espanyol, is a professional sports club based in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.

Founded in 1900, the club plays in La Liga, the highest division of Spanish football and play their home games at the RCDE Stadium, which holds up to 40,500 spectators. Espanyol have won Copa del Rey four times, most recently in 2006, and reached the UEFA Cup final in 1988 and 2007. The team competes in the Barcelona Derby against FC Barcelona.

History[edit]

Foundation and club culture[edit]

First shield of Club Español de Fútbol.
CD Español, Catalonian champions in 1904.
RCD Español in 1912.
Ricardo Zamora with Español.

Espanyol was founded on 28 October 1900 by Ángel Rodríguez Ruiz (1879–1959), an engineering student at the University of Barcelona. The club's original home was in the well-off district of Sarrià and was initially known as the Sociedad Española de Football. One year later, the club changed its name to Club Español de Fútbol. Espanyol was the first club in Spain to be formed exclusively by Spanish fans of the game.

The club originally played in bright yellow shirts, with the colour of the shorts being left to the individual player. A friend of the club founder owned a textile business and happened to have an abundance of yellow material left over from a job. In 1910, the club changed its name to Club Deportivo Español and chose blue and white stripes as shirt colours and as the central colours of the club badge. Blue and white was chosen in homage to the colours appearing on the shield of the great Sicilian-Aragonese Admiral Roger de Lluria, who sailed the Mediterranean protecting the interests of the Crown of Aragon in the Middle Ages. The club were successful from the very beginning, winning the Campionat de Catalunya in 1903 and subsequently playing in the Copa del Rey.

Development of club's name[edit]

In 1906, the club folded due to financial reasons and most of the players joined the X Sporting Club. This club won the Campionat de Catalunya three times between 1906 and 1908. In 1909, this club was effectively relaunched as Club Deportivo Español, and in 1910, they adopted their present-day colours. Espanyol are one of several Spanish football clubs granted patronage by the Spanish crown and thus entitled to use Real in their names and the royal crown on their badge. This right was granted to Espanyol in 1912 by Alfonso XIII and the club subsequently became known as Real Club Deportivo Español.

Following the abdication of the same king in 1931 and the declaration of the Second Spanish Republic, due to prohibition of royal symbols, the club adopted the more Catalan/republican friendly name, Club Esportiu Espanyol. After the Spanish Civil War, the name reverted.

The club took the Catalan spelling for its name in February 1995. The word "Deportiu" in Reial Club Deportiu Espanyol de Barcelona is a Catalanised form of the original word "Deportivo" (Castilian), despite the correct word being "Esportiu" in the Catalan language. This choice was made in order to retain the initials "RCD" in the club's name.

In 1994, Espanyol created its reserve team, Espanyol B, currently playing in the Segunda División B.

2006–07 UEFA Cup[edit]

With their win in the Copa del Rey the previous season, Espanyol entered the UEFA Cup. Following a 5–3 aggregate success against Slovak side Artmedia Bratislava, they were drawn in Group F alongside Ajax, Belgian minnows Zulte Waregem, Sparta Prague and Austria Wien. Espanyol were group winners, victorious in all four of their ties.

Their opponent in the Round of 32 was Livorno, who had just scraped into the knockout stages. Espanyol were 4–1 victors on aggregate, recording a 2–1 win in Tuscany and finishing the job 2–0 in Barcelona. Next up was Israeli side Maccabi Haifa, and after a dour 0–0 draw in the away leg, Espanyol thrashed their Israeli counterparts 4–0 in the second leg. Many were starting to see Espanyol as favourites to go all the way to the final in Glasgow's Hampden Park.

If that were to be the case, however, Espanyol would have to defeat Portuguese club Benfica, two-time European Cup winners. Espanyol did not seem fazed by this, as they raced into a 3–0 lead in Spain. However, Benfica fought back and scored two away goals to leave the tie firmly in the balance. Nevertheless, Espanyol survived a daunting trip to Lisbon, coming away with a 0–0 draw, which was enough to book them a place in the semi-finals.

Germans Werder Bremen lay in wait for the Catalan side in the last four, but once again, Espanyol produced a brilliant home performance to virtually seal the tie on the night. A 3–0 rout of the Germans put the Spanish firmly in control, and any real doubts about their passage to the final disappeared, with a 2–1 win in Bremen. In the final, held on 16 May in Glasgow, Espanyol fell to fellow La Liga side Sevilla, losing 3–1 in a shootout following a 2–2 draw.[4] They became the only football team in UEFA Cup history to remain unbeaten in the tournament, yet didn't take home the trophy. Walter Pandiani, who would leave the club at the end of the season, was the top goal scorer of the UEFA Cup of that season.

On 9 June 2007, Raúl Tamudo became Espanyol's highest-ever goalscorer after surpassing the 111 goals scored by Rafael Marañón. (Tamudo also scored his 113 goal in the night.) One of the most memorable of Tamudo's goals was his 90th-minute match equalizer away at the Camp Nou against rivals Barcelona in 2006–07. The goal, which secured a 2–2 draw, cost Barcelona the Liga title after it finished level on points (76) with champions Real Madrid, but with a poorer head-to-head record.

On 31 May 2009, Espanyol played its last match at the Estadio Olímpico de Montjuic, a 3–0 defeat of Málaga. Espanyol played in the Olympic Stadium of Montjuic after moving from their all life ground in Sarria. With the move, club talisman Raúl Tamudo had the unique distinction of having played in three different home stadiums with his club: Sarrià, Montjuïc and, beginning in the 2009–10 season, the Cornellà-El Prat.

Recent years[edit]

After 12 seasons playing at the Estadi Olímpic de Montjuïc, Espanyol moved to the Estadi de Cornellá-El Prat. The new stadium was officially inaugurated on 2 August 2009 with a match between Espanyol and Liverpool. The periquitos ("budgerigars") won 3–0, with Luis García scoring the first goal at the ground, followed by a Ben Sahar double.

On 8 August 2009, Espanyol captain Daniel Jarque, then 26, died from a cardiac arrest in the Italian village of Coverciano, where the club was at the time after playing several fixtures in Italy.[5] Since then, at every match in the 21st minute – his former shirt number – for a full minute an ovation is made in his honour. Espanyol supporters also pay tribute to Jarque by singing his name.

On 10 September 2009, the IFFHS published the best European Clubs classification during the 20th century, ranking Espanyol 98th due to their European participations. Mauricio Pochettino, former player, was named manager of the team during the 2008–09 season in order to prevent the team from relegation to the Second Division; an objective that he fulfilled, the Club carries out a sport project based in the promotion of footballers coming from the Club lower teams as well as within this environment of cutbacks. In subsequent seasons, the Club managed to stay in the First Division trouble free, even in certain moments the team fought to take part in the UEFA Europa League. Nevertheless, after 14 matches in season 2012–13, the Directors of the Club fired Pochettino since the team was last in the classification. A few days later, Mexican coach Javier Aguirre took over managing to revert the situation and obtaining good results.

Javier Aguirre carried on in charge one more year and again he managed to keep the Club in the First Division in the course of a so-called transition season. Sergio González took over in the summer of 2014 and in his first season the team reached the semifinal of the Cup and the team ended the league with no difficulties in staying in the First Division. But in December 2015, the Board of Directors decided to sack him in view of poor results obtained.[6] It was then Constantin Galca, another former Espanyol player, who was appointed as new Manager.[7]

At the same time, there were remarkable changes office wise. President Joan Collet and his Board of Directors resigned on January 20, 2016 so that Chen Yanseng got in charge of the management of the Club. Rastar Managerial Group owner bought out in November 2015 the shares, over 50% of the written down capital to the main shareholders, thus he was able to be in full control although the operation was completed on January 19, 2016 when the acquisition was finally confirmed.[2] His take over was crucial to cover several payments with the Treasury as well as various suppliers.

Rivalries[edit]

El derbi Barceloní[edit]

In the first half of the 20th century during the Miguel Primo de Rivera dictatorship (1923-1930), FC Barcelona was seen as a club of the catalanism nationalism ideology in stark contrast to RCD Espanyol which cultivated a kind of compliance to the central authority .[8]

In 1918 the municipalities of Catalonia promote a campaign to request to the Spanish Government a Statute of Autonomy. FC Barcelona joins that request and the Catalan press explains it by saying "F. C. Barcelona has become the club of Catalonia" .The other great team of the city, RCD Espanyol is dissociated from the claim.

In the present FC Barcelona is close to power in Catalonia, the last presidents have placed the club in a favourable position to Catalan independence movement and the holding of a referendum even with discomfort in a little part of the fans in Catalonia and practically the totality of the fans in the rest of Spain.[9] Although some of the directors of the RCD Espanyol have manifested their independentist ideology the club stay out of politics and it is considered that most of the fans are against the independence of Catalonia.[10]

On numerous occasions the RCD Espanyol has complained of an unfavourable treatment and sometimes directly offensive according to them towards the club in favour of FC Barcelona by some public media dependent on the Generalidat of Catalonia like TV3.[11][12][13]

Despite these differences in ideology, the derbi has always been more relevant to Espanyol supporters than Barcelona ones due to the difference in objectives.

Though it is the most played local derby in the history of La Liga, it is also the most unbalanced, with Barcelona overwhelmingly dominant. In the league table, Espanyol has only managed to end above Barça on three occasions in almost 70 years and the only all-Catalan Copa del Rey final was won by Barça in 1957. Espanyol has the consolation of achieving the largest margin win with a 6–0 in 1951.

Espanyol achieved a 2–1 win against Barça during the 2008–09 season, becoming the first team to defeat Barcelona at Camp Nou in their treble-winning season.[14]

Stadium[edit]

From 1923 until 1997, Espanyol played their home games in Estadi de Sarrià in the Sarrià-Sant Gervasi district of Barcelona. In 1997, they moved to the Estadi Olímpic Lluís Companys on Montjuïc. For the beginning of the 2009–10 season, Espanyol moved into the newly constructed RCDE Stadium (also known as Estadi Cornellà-El Prat) between Cornellà de Llobregat and El Prat de Llobregat.

Competition summary[edit]

Achievements[edit]

  • In 1928, Espanyol became a founding member of La Liga, and in 1929, the team won their first Copa del Rey. Espanyol has completed the highest number of seasons in La Liga without actually winning the title.
  • The team has qualified seven times for the UEFA Cup (including the 2006–07 qualification following the 2006 Spanish Cup win) and reached the final in 1988,[15][16][17][18] losing to Bayer Leverkusen of then-West Germany on penalty kicks (3–2), after a memorable home-and-away final (3–0 in Barcelona, 0–3 in Leverkusen)[19][20] and in 2007, losing to Sevilla on another penalty kicks round (3–1), after a memorable match (ended 1–1 after normal time, and 2–2 after extra time).

Honours[edit]

Men's football[edit]

Domestic competitions[edit]

Winners (4): 1929, 1940, 2000, 2006
Winner (1): 1993–94

International competitions[edit]

Runners-up (2): 1987–88, 2006–07
Winner (1): 1968

Regional competitions[edit]

Winners (11): 1903–04, 1905–06, 1906–07, 1907–08, 1911–12, 1914–15, 1917–18, 1928–29, 1932–33, 1936–37, 1939–40
Winners (6): 1994–95, 1995–96, 1998–99, 2005–06, 2009–10, 2010–11, 2016–17
Runners-up (5): 1993–94, 2003–04, 2004–05, 2006–07, 2008–09

Women's football[edit]

Winners (1): 2005–06
Runners-up (3): 2006–07, 2009–10, 2010–11
Winners (6): 1996, 1997, 2006, 2009, 2010, 2012
Runners-up (4): 1990, 2002, 2007, 2011

Players[edit]

Current squad[edit]

As of 1 September 2017[25]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Spain GK Pau López
2 Spain DF Marc Navarro
3 Spain DF Aarón Martín
4 Spain MF Víctor Sánchez (vice-captain)
5 Brazil DF Naldo
6 Costa Rica DF Óscar Duarte
7 Spain FW Gerard Moreno
8 Spain FW Álvaro Vázquez
9 Spain FW Sergio Garcia (4th captain)
10 Spain MF José Manuel Jurado
11 Brazil FW Léo Baptistão
12 Spain DF Dídac Vilà
13 Spain GK Diego López
No. Position Player
14 Spain MF Óscar Melendo
15 Spain MF David López (3rd captain)
16 Spain DF Javi López (captain)
17 Paraguay MF Hernán Pérez
18 Spain MF Javi Fuego
19 Argentina MF Pablo Piatti
20 Senegal MF Pape Diop
21 Spain MF Marc Roca
22 Spain DF Mario Hermoso
23 Spain MF Esteban Granero
24 Spain DF Sergio Sánchez (on loan from Rubin Kazan)
25 Spain MF Sergi Darder (on loan from Lyon)
Spain FW Jairo Morillas

Out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Spain GK Roberto (at Málaga until 30 June 2018)

Retired numbers[edit]

21 Spain Daniel Jarque (posthumous honour) (2002–09)

Players with most appearances[edit]

Competitive, professional matches only.

As of 24 May 2014

Name Years League Second Division League Cup Other Total
1 Spain Raúl Tamudo 1996–2010 340 49 389
2 Spain José María 1965–1976 269 31 10 310
3 Spain Antonio Argilés 1950–1964 301 4 5 309
4 Argentina Mauricio Pochettino 1994–2006 275 29 304
5 Cameroon Thomas N'Kono 1982–1990 241 33 19 10 303
6 Spain Arteaga 1993–2003 238 28 29 295
7 Spain Manuel Zúñiga 1979–1988 259 18 9 286
8 Spain Fernando Molinos 1974–1984 264 6 6 276
9 Spain Diego Orejuela 1982–1991 216 33 15 12 276
10 Spain Marañón 1974–1983 261 4 6 271
1Includes Copa del Rey data only since 1997.

Managers[edit]

Dates Name
1922–24 Scotland Edward Garry
1924–26 Spain Francisco Bru
1926 – June 1930 England Jack Greenwell
July 1930 – June 1933 Spain Patricio Caicedo
July 1933 – June 1935 Spain Ramón Trabal
July 1935 – Nov 1935 England Harry Lowe
Nov 1935 – June 1943 Spain Patricio Caicedo
July 1943 – Dec 1943 Spain Pedro Solé
Dec 1943 – June 1944 Spain Crisant Bosch
July 1944 – Dec 1945 Spain Baltasar Albéniz
Jan 1946 – June 1946 Spain Crisant Bosch
July 1946 – June 1947 Spain Josep Planas
July 1947 – June 1949 Spain José Espada
July 1949 – Feb 1950 Spain Patricio Caicedo
Feb 1950 – June 1952 Spain Juan José Nogués
July 1952 – Dec 1954 Argentina Alejandro Scopelli
Dec 1954 Spain José Espada
Jan 1955 – June 1955 Spain Odilio Bravo
July 1955 – June 1957 Spain Ricardo Zamora
July 1957 – June 1958 Hungary Elemér Berkessy
July 1958 – June 1959 France Marcel Domingo
July 1959 – June 1960 Spain Antonio Barrios
July 1960 – Jan 1961 Spain Ernesto Pons
Jan 1961 – Feb 1961 Argentina Alejandro Scopelli
Feb 1961 – June 1961 Spain Ricardo Zamora
July 1961 – Nov 1961 Spain José Luis Saso
Dates Name
Nov 1961 – Dec 1961 Spain Ricardo Zamora
Dec 1961 – June 1962 Spain Julián Arcas
July 1962 – June 1963 Paraguay Heriberto Herrera
July 1963 – Dec 1963 Spain Pedro Areso
Dec 1963 – June 1964 Spain Pedro Solé
July 1964 – June 1965 Hungary László Kubala
July 1965 – Feb 1966 Spain Fernando Argila
Feb 1966 – June 1966 Spain José Espada
July 1966 – Oct 1968 Hungary Jenő Kalmár
Oct 1968 – June 1969 Spain Antonio Argilés
July 1969 – Feb 1970 Chile Fernando Riera
Feb 1970 – June 1970 Spain Rafael Iriondo
July 1970 – June 1971 Czechoslovakia Ferdinand Daučík
July 1971 – Dec 1977 Uruguay José Santamaría
Dec 1977 – June 1978 Paraguay Heriberto Herrera
July 1978 – Dec 1979 Spain José Antonio Irulegui
Dec 1979 – June 1980 Spain Vicente Miera
July 1980 – June 1983 Spain José María Maguregui
July 1983 – Sep 1983 Serbia Milorad Pavić
Sep 1983 – June 1986 Spain Xabier Azkargorta
July 1986 – Feb 1989 Spain Javier Clemente
Feb 1989 – Apr 1989 Spain Pepe Mauri
Apr 1989 Argentina Raúl Longhi
Apr 1989 – June 1989 Spain José María García Andoaín
July 1989 – Dec 1989 Spain Benito Joanet
Jan 1990 – June 1990 Spain Juanjo Díaz
Dates Name
June 28, 1990 – June 9, 1991 Spain Luis Aragonés
July 1991 – Nov 1991 Serbia Ljupko Petrović
Nov 1991 – Jan 1992 Spain Jaume Sabaté
Jan 21, 1992 – June 30, 1992 Spain Javier Clemente
July 1992 – May 1993 Spain José Manuel Díaz Novoa
May 1993 – June 1993 Spain Juanjo Díaz
July 1993 – June 1996 Spain José Antonio Camacho
July 1996 – Jan 1997 Spain Pepe Carcelén
Jan 1997 – Mar 1997 Spain Vicente Miera
Mar 1997 – June 1997 Spain Paco Flores
July 1, 1997 – June 1, 1998 Spain José Antonio Camacho
July 1, 1998 – Sep 6, 1998 Argentina Marcelo Bielsa
Sep 1998 – Jan 2000 Argentina Miguel Ángel Brindisi
Jan 17, 2000 – June 30, 2002 Spain Paco Flores
July 1, 2002 – Oct 20, 2002 Spain Juande Ramos
Oct 2002 – Dec 2002 Spain Ramón Moya
Dec 18, 2002 – Nov 4, 2003 Spain Javier Clemente
Nov 4, 2003 – June 30, 2004 France Luis Fernández
July 1, 2004 – June 30, 2006 Spain Miguel Ángel Lotina
July 1, 2006 – June 30, 2008 Spain Ernesto Valverde
July 1, 2008 – Nov 30, 2008 Spain Tintín Márquez
Dec 1, 2008 – Jan 20, 2009 Spain Mané
Jan 20, 2009 – Nov 26, 2012 Argentina Mauricio Pochettino
Nov 28, 2012 – May 16, 2014 Mexico Javier Aguirre
May 28, 2014 – December 14, 2015 Spain Sergio González
December 14, 2015 – May 27, 2016 Romania Constantin Gâlcă
June 9, 2016 – Spain Quique Sánchez Flores

Presidents[edit]

Dates Name
1900–02 Spain Ángel Rodríguez Ruiz
1902–06 Spain Josep María Miró Trepat
1906–09 no activities
1909 Spain Julià Clapera Roca
1909–10 Spain Ángel Rodríguez Ruiz
1910–11 Spain Evelio Doncos
1911–12 Spain Josep García Hardoy
1912–13 Spain Santiago de la Riva
1913–14 Spain Alfonso Ardura
1914–15 Spain Josep García Hardoy
Dates Name
1915–18 Spain José María Bernadas
1918–19 Uruguay Manuel Allende
1919–20 Spain Victorià de la Riva
1920–22 Spain Genaro de la Riva
1922–24 Spain Victorià de la Riva
1924–25 Spain Santiago de la Riva
1925–30 Spain Genaro de la Riva
1930–31 Spain Santiago de la Riva
1931–33 Spain Javier de Salas
1933–42 Spain Genaro de la Riva
Dates Name
1942–47 Spain Francisco Román Cenarro
1947–48 Spain José Salas Painello
1948–58 Spain Francisco Javier Sáenz
1958–60 Spain Frederic Marimón Grifell
1960–62 Spain Victorià Oliveras de la Riva
1962–63 Spain Cesáreo Castilla Delgado
1963–67 Spain Josep Fusté Noguera
1967–69 Spain Juan Vilá
1969–70 Spain Josep Fusté Noguera
1970–82 Spain Manuel Meler
Dates Name
1982–89 Spain Antonio Baró
1989 Spain Ferrán Martorell
1989–93 Spain Julio Pardo
1993–97 Spain Francisco Perelló
1997–11 Spain Daniel Sánchez Llibre
2011–12 Spain Ramon Condal
2012–16 Spain Juan Collet
2016– China Chen Yansheng

Historical departments of RCD Espanyol[edit]

Logo of the new sports club founded by Espanyol supporters.

Until the 1990s, Espanyol had several sporting sections. In March 2017, the Association of Supporters and Shareholders of RCD Espanyol boosted a project for recovering the sporting sections of the club, but this time without any economic link with the football team. The new multi-sports club was created with the name of Seccions Deportives Espanyol (Sporting sections Espanyol).[26]

Two months later, the Association confirmed that Espanyol will start competing in the 2017–18 season, with a roller hockey team and women's volleyball youth teams.[27]

Men's basketball[edit]

Winners (1): 1941
Winners (2): 1931, 1932
Runners-up (3): 1941, 1943, 1954

Women's basketball[edit]

Winners (1): 1943
Runners-up (1): 1944

Men's hockey[edit]

Winners (11): 1944, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1951, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1961, 1962
Runners-up (4): 1946, 1952, 1953, 1958

Women's volleyball[edit]

Winners (3): 1985, 1988, 1991
Winners (5): 1984, 1985, 1986, 1990, 1992

Men's baseball[edit]

Winners (2): 1946, 1953

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ RCDE Stadium – RCD Espanyol Official Page
  2. ^ a b "Official statement". rcdespanyol.com. 20 January 2016. 
  3. ^ RCDE managers bdfutbol.com
  4. ^ "Palop ensures cup joy for Sevilla". uefa.com. 17 May 2007. 
  5. ^ "Espanyol stunned by Jarque death". BBC. 8 August 2009. 
  6. ^ "Sergio González is resigned". rcdespanyol.com. 14 December 2015. 
  7. ^ "Constantin Galca, new coach of RCD Espanyol". rcdespanyol.com. 14 December 2015. 
  8. ^ Missiroli, Antonio (March 2002). "European football cultures and their integration: the 'short' Twentieth Century". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 1 July 2009. 
  9. ^ Temprano, Alejandra (2016-01-11). "El Barça cae en su trampa con el tuit de la vergüenza de Bartomeu". esdiario.es. Retrieved 2017-06-17. 
  10. ^ MARCA.com (2015-09-10). "Joan Collet: "Vamos a dar guerra al Madrid"". MARCA.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-06-17. 
  11. ^ "El Espanyol "exige" la retirada de la campaña 'Si sientes el Barça, sientes Cataluña'". ELMUNDO (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-06-17. 
  12. ^ BARCELONA, SERGI LÓPEZ-EGEA / (2016-03-03). "Ensenyament retira un texto ofensivo con el Espanyol". El Periódico (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-06-17. 
  13. ^ "El Espanyol y el Joventut denuncian pensamiento único en Cataluña". Economiadigital (ed. general). Retrieved 2017-06-18. 
  14. ^ "How Mauricio Pochettino's Espanyol beat Pep Guardiola's Barcelona". skysports.com. 1 October 2016. 
  15. ^ Licia Granello (October 22, 1987). "Il Milan è già disperato". la Repubblica (in Italian). p. 25. 
  16. ^ Licia Granello (November 5, 1987). "Un Milan senza attacco Una partita senza storia". la Repubblica (in Italian). p. 33. 
  17. ^ Gianni Mura (November 26, 1987). "Ma l' Inter soffre ancora". la Repubblica (in Italian). p. 23. 
  18. ^ Gianni Mura (December 10, 1987). "L' Inter perde l' ultima chance". la Repubblica (in Italian). p. 23. 
  19. ^ "Finale UEFA Tre gol dell' Espanyol". la Repubblica (in Italian). May 5, 1988. p. 33. 
  20. ^ "Coppa UEFA Il Bayer vince ai rigori". la Repubblica (in Italian). May 19, 1988. p. 23. 
  21. ^ "Spain – List of Cup Finals". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). Retrieved 9 April 2016. 
  22. ^ "Spain – List of Second Division Champions". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). Retrieved 9 April 2016. 
  23. ^ "Spain – List of Champions of Catalonia". RSSSF. Retrieved 17 February 2017. 
  24. ^ "Spain – List of Cup Winners of Catalonia". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). Retrieved 9 April 2016. 
  25. ^ "Primer equipo" [First team] (in Spanish). RCD Espanyol. Retrieved 27 August 2016. 
  26. ^ "Pericos sobre ruedas" (in Spanish). La Vanguardia. 15 March 2017. Retrieved 26 May 2017. 
  27. ^ "Reneix el gegant adormit" (in Catalan). L'Esportiu de Catalunya. 26 May 2017. Retrieved 26 May 2017. 

External links[edit]