|Drug class||Nonsteroidal antiandrogen|
|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||476.45 g/mol g·mol−1|
|3D model (JSmol)|
RD-162 is a second-generation nonsteroidal antiandrogen (NSAA) which was developed for the treatment of prostate cancer but was never marketed. It acts as a potent and selective silent antagonist of the androgen receptor (AR). The drug is a diarylthiohydantoin derivative and is closely related to enzalutamide and apalutamide. Both RD-162 and enzalutamide show 5- to 8-fold higher affinity for the AR than the first-generation NSAA bicalutamide and only 2- to 3-fold lower affinity than dihydrotestosterone (DHT), the major endogenous ligand of the receptor in the prostate gland.
RD-162 and enzalutamide were developed together and were derived from the nonsteroidal androgen RU-59063, which itself was derived from the first-generation NSAA nilutamide. RD-162 and enzalutamide were selected as the lead compounds from a group of over 200 compounds that were synthesized and assayed for antiandrogenic activity. Enzalutamide was ultimately selected from the two for further clinical development and was eventually marketed. RD-162 is also very closely related to apalutamide, with the two compounds differing only by the replacement of a single atom (a carbon atom in one of the phenyl rings of RD-162 swapped with a nitrogen atom in apalutamide), and apalutamide was approved for the treatment of prostate cancer in 2018.
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