|Country of origin||Soviet Union|
|First flight||April 13, 1985|
|Designer||Yuzhnoye Design Bureau|
|Application||Second Stage Vernier|
|Propellant||LOX / RG-1|
|Thrust (vac.)||78.45 kN (17,640 lbf)|
|Chamber pressure||7.747 MPa (1,123.6 psi)|
|Isp (vac.)||342 s (3.35 km/s)|
|Burn time||1100 s|
|Length||1,500 mm (59 in)|
|Diameter||4,000 mm (160 in)|
|Dry weight||380 kg (840 lb)|
|Zenit family second stage|
The RD-8 (Russian: РД-8 and GRAU Index: 11D513) is an Ukrainian liquid propellant rocket engine burning LOX and RG-1 (a rocket grade kerosene) in a oxidizer rich staged combustion cycle. It has a four combustion chambers that provide thrust vector control by gimbaling each of the nozzles in a single axis ±33°. It was designed in Dnipropetrovsk by the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau as the vernier thruster of the Zenit (GRAU: 11K77) second stage. As such, it has always been paired with the RD-120 engine as main propulsion.
It can only be started once, and as a high altitude engine it has a thrust of 78.45 kN (17,640 lbf) and a specific impulse of 342 s (3.35 km/s). It is the first ever steering engine to use the staged combustion cycle, and as such is the basis for a family of planned engines for the Mayak launch vehicle family.
The engine itself is built like a hollow cylinder, with a cylindrical space in the center so the RD-120 nozzle can pass through.
Whilst Yuzhnoye's propulsion experience had been mostly on hypergolic propellants engines, like RD-855 or RD-861, they are considered too toxic for current ecological standards. While Yuzhnoye still offer to develop hypergolic propulsion, such as RD-843 for the Vega's AVUM stage or the Tsyklon-4 project, Yuzhnoye selected a more environmentally friendly LOX and kerosene propellant for the Mayak launch vehicle family.
Not only had Yuzhnoye mastered the most complex cycle for the propellant (oxidizer rich staged combustion cycle) with the RD-8, but they had worked closely with NPO Energomash during the RD-120 program. The manufacturing is done at its sister company of Yuzhmash in Dnipropetrovsk, and the RD-120 thrust augmentation project of 2001 to 2003 had been a mixed project between the three companies.
On the base of this experience, a family of derivatives engines were proposed. While the RD-801 and RD-810 are really just based on the general technology, the other members of the family are related enough that they reuse many components of the RD-8. One characteristic of this family is the limitation of keeping the preburner output temperature below 500 °C (932 °F).
- RD-805 (or RD-802): A proposed upper stage engine of just 19.62 kN (4,410 lbf) of thrust, it would use a single chamber of the RD-8. While many new components would be required, it is considered a low technological risk since it only needs smaller versions of already developed component. 
- RD-809 (sometimes identified as RD-809M): It is an RD-8 re arranged to minimize its diameter. It would use practically every single component of the RD-8, but arranged without the big hollow section in the middle. It was a proposed engine for a proposed liquid upper stage of the Antares rocket, then named Taurus II. It would be capable of five engine burns in a single mission.
- RD-809K: A proposed single nozzle version of the RD-8. It would mix most principal elements of the RD-8 like the turbopumps with a main combustion chamber and nozzle adapted from the RD-861K. It would be capable of 4 starts in a single mission. It is expected to be used in a dual engine configuration in the Mayak upper stage.
- Gunter Dirk Krebs (2015-12-15). "Zenit family". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2016-07-14.
- Brügge, Norbert (2016-07-11). "Ukrainian space-rocket and missile liquid-propellant engines". B14643.de. Retrieved 2016-07-14.[permanent dead link]
- Degtyarev, A . V.; Shulga, V . A.; Zhivotov, A . I.; Dibrivny, A . V. (2013). "Создание семейства кислородно-керосиновых жидкостных ракетных двигателей на базе отработанных технологий для перспективных ракет-носителей гп «Кб «Южное»" [The development of LOX - kerosene liquid rocket engines family for perspective launch vehicles of SDO Yuzhnoye based on proven technologies] (PDF). Авиационно - космическая техника и технология (in Russian). National Aerospace university them. NE Zhukovsky. 2013 nr. 01 (98): 44–50. ISSN 1727-7337. Retrieved 2016-07-14.
- "RD-8". Defense Industry Of Ukraine Products And Services. Retrieved 2016-07-14.
- "RD-8". Yuzhnoye. Retrieved 2016-07-14.
- "Liquid rocket engine RD-8". Yuzhmash. Retrieved 2016-07-14.
- "Двигатели 1944-2000: Аавиационные, Ракетные, Морские, Промышленные" [Aviadvigatel 19442-2000: Aviation, rocketry, naval and industry] (PDF) (in Russian). pp. 265–266. Retrieved 2015-07-25.
- Hendrickx, Bart; Vis, Bert (2007-10-04). Energiya-Buran: The Soviet Space Shuttle (UK 2007 ed.). Springer. p. 80. ISBN 978-0-387-69848-9.
- Zak, Anatoly (2013-01-31). "Stage II of the Zenit rocket". Russian Space Web. Retrieved 2016-07-14.
- "RD-802". Defense Industry Of Ukraine Products And Services. Retrieved 2016-07-14.
- "RD-809". Yuzhnoye. Retrieved 2016-07-14.
- "RD-809K". Yuzhnoye. Retrieved 2016-07-14.
- RD-120 – The Zenit second stage main engine which is the companion of the RD-8 and the basis for some of its derivatives.
- Zenit – The launch vehicle family for which the RD-8 was developed.
- Mayak – Prospective Ukrainian launch vehicle family for which the RD-805, RD-809 and RD-809K are being developed.
- Yuzhnoe Design Bureau - The RD-8 designer bureau.
- Yuzhmash - A multi-product machine-building company that's closely related to Yuzhnoe and manufactures the RD-8.