RENFE Class 334
|RENFE 334/Vossloh Euro 3000|
|Type and origin|
|Designer||RENFE / Alstom|
|Builder||Vossloh España / EMD|
|Build date||(ordered 2004)
Delivered 2006-2008
|Gauge||1,668 mm (5 ft 5 21⁄32 in) Iberian gauge|
|Locomotive weight||90 tonnes (89 long tons; 99 short tons)|
|Fuel capacity||4,000 L (880 imp gal; 1,100 US gal)|
|Prime mover||12N710G3B-EC, 3,300 hp (2,500 kW) (UIC) @ 930rpm|
|Engine type||Two-stroke Diesel engine|
|Alternator||AR10 + D14 + HE5 (Aux. rated 25kW)|
|Traction motors||Four parallel connected D43 FM|
|Maximum speed||200 km/h (120 mph)|
|Tractive effort||continuous: 92 kN (21,000 lbf) at 75 km/h (47 mph)
starting: 178 kN (40,000 lbf)
|Nicknames||Caracoles, Caracoles de carreras (Snails, Racing snails)|
|Sources: except where noted|
With the well known RENFE Class 333 locomotives having served for over 30 years the Spanish rail operator faced decisions as to their future. Different options for action were available - rebuild/repair/upgrade the locomotives or replace them with new models; at the time the company was undergoing a major modernisation project - with about 6 billion Euros being invested in rolling stock as part of a 120 billion Euro transport plan.
In the event, acting pragmatically RENFE chose to do both. The 333 series were extensively rebuilt forming the 333.3 and 333.4 subclasses, and 28 new locomotives were ordered - these were the new build Class 334. A few components were used from old Class 333s, so technically the Class could be considered a rebuild, but the amount of material reused was small so a new class was created.
Technical details and manufacture
RENFE worked with Alstom, who then owned the locomotive manufacturing plant in Valencia, to come up with a design for the new locomotives; Alstom Valencia already had produced diesel powered passenger locomotives for the UK and Israel as well as modernising the RENFE class 333.
The design was similar to the modernised 333s but with a General Motors EMD 710 engine instead of the EMD 645 used in the Class 333.4. Additionally 2-axle bogies were used instead of the 3-axle type that were re-used from the original 333 class in the rebuilt 333.4 and 333.3 models.
Curiously the twenty eight Class 334 locomotives inherit the main generator, alternator and heating equipment from RENFE Class 319.3 locomotives - which in turn have inherited the generators and alternators from scrapped Class 333 locomotives. In summary, the engine, electronics and power transmission system are from General Motors, the other components are typical of an Alstom locomotive.
Despite a change of ownership in 2004, with the factory being bought by Vossloh, the production was not affected.
|This section requires expansion. (January 2009)|
Six units are used to provide an Altaria service between Madrid and Murcia, the regional capital of the region of Murcia. They are also used on the daily Talgo service from Lorca (Murcia) to Montpellier (France) as far as Barcelona.
Additionally since 5 units of the RENFE Class 354 are out of action (two destroyed in a head end collision in Linarejos, three others had accidents in Hellín, Tobarra and Chinchilla and another caught fire) the Class 334 have been used to replace them (being the 354 and the 334 the only diesel locomotives capable of 200 km/h in Spain). However the lower power-to-weight ratio compared to the Class 354 units leads to the typical conclusion of lower technical performance for locomotive hauled trains.
Three locomotives are used to replace the Class 354s destroyed at Linarejos (one used as a reserve) and will operate between A Coruña and Madrid. The replacement service began in March 2007 and ends when the construction of a true high speed line is completed.
In 2006 a joint venture between RENFE and Vossloh, Erion, was created, dedicated to servicing and manufacture of rail equipment. RENFE owns 51%, Vossoh 49%. The primary business of the company will be to service the Class 334 locomotives as well as the RENFE Class 333s and Class 335 (Euro 4000). This action has met with criticism from unions as it is part of the process of privatising the Spanish Railways.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to RENFE Class 334.|
- Vossloh Euro series : Railcolor.net (also refers to RENFE 334)
- Locomotora 334: Caracoles www.vialibre-ffe
- Categoría:Motes Ferropedia
- "Diesel-Electric Locomotives : Serie 334" (PDF), www.vossloh-espana.com, archived from the original (PDF) on 7 April 2009
- "The most modern fleet in Europe", www.railwaygazette.com, 12 January 2009
- Comparativa entre las locomotoras series 334, 354, y 333-400 de Renfe Comparison between RENFE locomotives of series 334, 354 and 333.4 (spanish)
- Comienza la construcción de la nueva serie 334, similares a las 333 The construction of a new 334 series - similar to the Class 333 (spanish)
- Renfe acorta desde mañana minutos el tiempo de viaje entre la capital y Madrid RENFE cuts time by minutes for travek from the capital (of Almeria) and Madrid (spanish)
- RENFE shortens train times by 31minutes between Almeria and Madrid (spanish)
- Las locomotoras que Renfe estrena hoy no servirán para el futuro AVE Locomotives RENFE introduces today will not be used for the future AVE, March 2007 (spanish)
- "ERION Mantenimiento ferroviarro, S.A., Presentation" (PDF). www.erion.es. February 2008.
- Vossloh teaming up with Spanish rail company, 14 Decenmber 2006, www.vosloh-espana.com
- SINDICATO FEDERAL FERROVIARIO (Publication of Federal Rail Union) (spanish)