REP Type N

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REP Type N
Role Reconnaissance aircraft
National origin France
Manufacturer REP
First flight 1912
Primary user Aéronautique Militaire

The REP Type N was a military reconnaissance aircraft produced in France in 1914.[1] It was a wire-braced, mid-wing monoplane of conventional design with fixed, tailskid undercarriage.[2] The fuselage was constructed of steel tube and was of triangular cross-section, with the apex on the ventral side.[2] The pilot and observer sat in tandem, open cockpits.[2] Lateral control was by wing warping.[2]

The type was selected by the Aéronautique Militaire to equip two squadrons, REP 15 and REP 27.[2] Type Ns from the former unit flew reconnaissance missions during the Battle of Charleroi in August 1914, and Type Ns from both units flew missions during the First Battle of the Marne in September.[2] Intelligence provided by reconnaissance aircraft proved a decisive factor in the Allied victory at the Marne.[3] In January 1915, the two units merged and were re-equipped with Caudron G.3s, but continued to operate the REP Type N at least as late as March.[2]

The Type N also formed the backbone of the Ottoman Air Service in 1912, and these machines were used operationally during the First and Second Balkan War in 1912–13.[2] At the outbreak of war, two Ottoman Type Ns were seized while in transit through Serbia, and were put into Serbian military service.[2] They were soon joined by a third machine, captured from the Ottoman forces, but the Serbs seem to have made little use of the type.[2] By October 1914, Ottoman Type Ns were relegated to training duties.[4]


Operators[edit]

 France
 Ottoman Empire
 Serbia

Specifications (Two-seater)[edit]

Data from Davilla & Soltan 2002, p.432

General characteristics

  • Crew: Two, pilot and observer
  • Length: 6.60 m (21 ft 8 in)
  • Wingspan: 9.20 m (30 ft 2 in)
  • Empty weight: 270 kg (590 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Gnome rotary, 60 kW (80 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 116 km/h (73 mph)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Taylor 1989, p.758
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Davilla & Soltan 2002, p.431
  3. ^ Lawson 1996, p.40
  4. ^ Davilla & Soltan 2002, p.432

References[edit]

  • Davilla, James J.; Arthur Soltan (2002). French Aircraft of the First World War. Mountain View, California: Flying Machines Press. 
  • Lawson, Eric; Jane Lawson (1996). The First Air Campaign. Conshohocken, Pennsylvania: Combined Books. 
  • Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions.