RFA Fort Austin (A386)
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RFA Fort Austin at West Float, Birkenhead, in July 2015
|Name:||RFA Fort Austin|
|Laid down:||9 December 1975|
|Launched:||9 March 1978|
|Commissioned:||11 May 1979|
|Identification:||Pennant number: A386|
|Class and type:||Fort Rosalie-class replenishment ship|
|Length:||185.1 m (607 ft 3 in)|
|Beam:||24 m (78 ft 9 in)|
|Draught:||9 m (29 ft 6 in)|
|Propulsion:||Sulzer 8-cylinder RND90 22,300 shp|
|Speed:||21 knots (38.9 km/h)|
Fort Austin was laid down at Scott Lithgow in 1975, launched in 1978 and commissioned in 1979. These ships were designed to carry a wide range of dry stores to support fleet task forces; ammunition, food, explosives. They have extensive aviation facilities, with two flight decks, one to the stern and one spot on top of the hangar, up to four Sea Kings can be stored in the large hangar. These ships also have the capability to replenish ships at sea, via six RAS points.
Falklands War 1982
When the Falklands War began, the ship was deployed in the western Mediterranean for the annual Spring Train exercise, and received orders to head south, taking part in the landings at San Carlos Water as a stores and ammunition ship. When the order to head south was given, several warships had the WE.177A nuclear weapon deployed aboard. Amongst these were the Type 22 frigates HMS Broadsword and HMS Brilliant and the aircraft carriers HMS Hermes and HMS Invincible. Some newspaper reports also named RFA Fort Austin. The Ministry of Defence explored various options to transfer these nuclear weapons from the frigates to the safety of the deep magazines aboard Fort Austin, Hermes and Invincible. An MoD publication describes a complex series of manoeuvres to avoid the presence of these nuclear warheads in areas that would break the UK obligation to the Treaty of Tlatelolco, often referred to as the Latin-America Nuclear Free Zone. In no circumstances could ships carrying nuclear weapons enter territorial waters around the Falkland Islands. After the conflict ended, weapons were transferred at sea to the two RFAs Fort Austin and Resource for transport back to the UK.
In 2000, the ship supported the British military intervention in the Sierra Leone Civil War.
In July 2009, RFA Fort Austin was decommissioned and placed in reserve at Portsmouth Naval Base. Following the Strategic Defence and Security Review of October 2010 it was decided to reactivate her at the expense of the larger RFA Fort George, which would be decommissioned.
On 27 May 2011 Fort Austin left Portsmouth under tow by the Belgian tug Union Wrestler and tug Svitzer Pembroke for a £40m refit at Cammell Laird in Birkenhead. This refit was intended to keep her in service until 2021. Later that year it was announced that her service life would be extended until 2023; the Fort class will ultimately be replaced by the Fleet Solid Support element of the Military Afloat Reach and Sustainability programme.
She left Birkenhead on 5 September 2012, arriving three days later at DM Crombie in the Firth of Forth. She arrived back in Plymouth at the end of 2012 and spent early 2013 exercising in home waters.
In 2015, Fort Austin was again laid up, this time in Birkenhead. Despite concerns she would be decommissioned she entered Cammell Laird for refit in 2017 and it was confirmed her planned out of service date had been revised to 2024. During the course of the refit, in August 2017, Fort Austin suffered a fire on the upper deck; the damage from which is not considered to be serious.
Notes and references
- "Operation CORPORATE 1982" (PDF). Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 October 2012.
- "House of Commons Hansard Written Answers". UK Parliament. 10 June 2013.
- "House of Commons Hansard Written Answers". UK Parliament. 11 June 2013.
- "Royal Navy sails for annual 'Cougar' deployment". Royal Navy. 9 August 2013. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
- "HMS Bulwark leads ten-ship task group on Gulf exercise". Royal Navy. 7 November 2014. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
- "House of Commons Hansard Written Answers". UK Parliament. 3 March 2017.
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