RFC5

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RFC5
Available structures
PDBOrtholog search: PDBe RCSB
Identifiers
AliasesRFC5, RFC36, replication factor C subunit 5
External IDsOMIM: 600407 MGI: 1919401 HomoloGene: 6730 GeneCards: RFC5
Gene location (Human)
Chromosome 12 (human)
Chr.Chromosome 12 (human)[1]
Chromosome 12 (human)
Genomic location for RFC5
Genomic location for RFC5
Band12q24.23Start118,013,588 bp[1]
End118,033,130 bp[1]
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE RFC5 203210 s at fs.png

PBB GE RFC5 213734 at fs.png

PBB GE RFC5 203209 at fs.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

NM_028128

RefSeq (protein)

NP_082404

Location (UCSC)Chr 12: 118.01 – 118.03 MbChr 5: 117.38 – 117.39 Mb
PubMed search[3][4]
Wikidata
View/Edit HumanView/Edit Mouse

Replication factor C subunit 5 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the RFC5 gene.[5][6]

Function[edit]

The elongation of primed DNA templates by DNA polymerase delta and DNA polymerase epsilon requires the accessory proteins proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and replication factor C (RFC). RFC, also named activator 1, is a protein complex consisting of five distinct subunits of 140, 40, 38, 37, and 36 kD. This gene encodes the 36 kD subunit. This subunit can interact with the C-terminal region of PCNA. It forms a core complex with the 38 and 40 kDa subunits. The core complex possesses DNA-dependent ATPase activity, which was found to be stimulated by PCNA in an in vitro system. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been reported.[6]

Interactions[edit]

RFC5 has been shown to interact with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000111445 - Ensembl, May 2017
  2. ^ a b c GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ENSMUSG00000029363 - Ensembl, May 2017
  3. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:". National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  4. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:". National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  5. ^ Okumura K, Nogami M, Taguchi H, Dean FB, Chen M, Pan ZQ, Hurwitz J, Shiratori A, Murakami Y, Ozawa K (Jan 1995). "Assignment of the 36.5-kDa (RFC5), 37-kDa (RFC4), 38-kDa (RFC3), and 40-kDa (RFC2) subunit genes of human replication factor C to chromosome bands 12q24.2-q24.3, 3q27, 13q12.3-q13, and 7q11.23". Genomics. 25 (1): 274–8. doi:10.1016/0888-7543(95)80135-9. PMID 7774928.
  6. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: RFC5 replication factor C (activator 1) 5, 36.5kDa".
  7. ^ Maruyama T, Farina A, Dey A, Cheong J, Bermudez VP, Tamura T, Sciortino S, Shuman J, Hurwitz J, Ozato K (Sep 2002). "A Mammalian bromodomain protein, brd4, interacts with replication factor C and inhibits progression to S phase". Molecular and Cellular Biology. 22 (18): 6509–20. doi:10.1128/mcb.22.18.6509-6520.2002. PMC 135621. PMID 12192049.
  8. ^ Bermudez VP, Maniwa Y, Tappin I, Ozato K, Yokomori K, Hurwitz J (Sep 2003). "The alternative Ctf18-Dcc1-Ctf8-replication factor C complex required for sister chromatid cohesion loads proliferating cell nuclear antigen onto DNA". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 100 (18): 10237–42. doi:10.1073/pnas.1434308100. PMC 193545. PMID 12930902.
  9. ^ a b c Cai J, Gibbs E, Uhlmann F, Phillips B, Yao N, O'Donnell M, Hurwitz J (Jul 1997). "A complex consisting of human replication factor C p40, p37, and p36 subunits is a DNA-dependent ATPase and an intermediate in the assembly of the holoenzyme". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 272 (30): 18974–81. doi:10.1074/jbc.272.30.18974. PMID 9228079.
  10. ^ Mossi R, Jónsson ZO, Allen BL, Hardin SH, Hübscher U (Jan 1997). "Replication factor C interacts with the C-terminal side of proliferating cell nuclear antigen". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 272 (3): 1769–76. doi:10.1074/jbc.272.3.1769. PMID 8999859.
  11. ^ Ohta S, Shiomi Y, Sugimoto K, Obuse C, Tsurimoto T (Oct 2002). "A proteomics approach to identify proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA)-binding proteins in human cell lysates. Identification of the human CHL12/RFCs2-5 complex as a novel PCNA-binding protein". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 277 (43): 40362–7. doi:10.1074/jbc.M206194200. PMID 12171929.
  12. ^ a b Cai J, Yao N, Gibbs E, Finkelstein J, Phillips B, O'Donnell M, Hurwitz J (Sep 1998). "ATP hydrolysis catalyzed by human replication factor C requires participation of multiple subunits". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 95 (20): 11607–12. doi:10.1073/pnas.95.20.11607. PMC 21688. PMID 9751713.
  13. ^ Rual JF, Venkatesan K, Hao T, Hirozane-Kishikawa T, Dricot A, Li N, Berriz GF, Gibbons FD, Dreze M, Ayivi-Guedehoussou N, Klitgord N, Simon C, Boxem M, Milstein S, Rosenberg J, Goldberg DS, Zhang LV, Wong SL, Franklin G, Li S, Albala JS, Lim J, Fraughton C, Llamosas E, Cevik S, Bex C, Lamesch P, Sikorski RS, Vandenhaute J, Zoghbi HY, Smolyar A, Bosak S, Sequerra R, Doucette-Stamm L, Cusick ME, Hill DE, Roth FP, Vidal M (Oct 2005). "Towards a proteome-scale map of the human protein-protein interaction network". Nature. 437 (7062): 1173–8. doi:10.1038/nature04209. PMID 16189514.
  14. ^ Ellison V, Stillman B (Mar 1998). "Reconstitution of recombinant human replication factor C (RFC) and identification of an RFC subcomplex possessing DNA-dependent ATPase activity". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 273 (10): 5979–87. doi:10.1074/jbc.273.10.5979. PMID 9488738.

Further reading[edit]