Russian submarine Dmitriy Donskoi (TK-208)
|Name:||2000 onwards: Dmitriy Donskoy|
|Laid down:||30 June 1976|
|Commissioned:||29 December 1981|
|In service:||9 February 1982|
|Class and type:||Typhoon-class submarine|
|Propulsion:||2 × OK-650 reactors|
Dmitriy Donskoy (TK-208) is a Russian Navy nuclear ballistic missile submarine, designated Project 941 Akula class (NATO reporting name Typhoon). With the decommissioning and scrapping of her Typhoon sister boats (TK-202, TK-13, Simbirsk, Arkhangelsk, Severstal, and TK-210), she is the largest submarine in the world in active service.
Hull number TK-208 was the lead vessel of the Soviet third generation Project 941 Akula class (NATO reporting name Typhoon) of ballistic missile submarines. She was laid down at the Sevmash shipyard, Tsekh No. 55, in Severodvinsk on 30 June 1976 and launched in September 1980. At 175 metres in length, she became the world's largest submarine, a record held along with other Typhoon-class submarines.
In 1990, she entered the dry dock in Severodvinsk for upgrades and repairs. Due to both economic and technological problems, the completion was severely postponed. In 2000, work on the submarine was intensified.
In June 2002, now serving in the Russian Navy, TK-208 finally left the Severodvinsk dry dock. After 12 years of overhaul and modifications, she had now received the name Dmitriy Donskoy, named after the Grand Duke of Moscow Dmitry Donskoy (1359–1389), the reputed founder of Moscow. The twenty launchers for the R-39 missiles she originally carried were replaced with launchers for the most advanced submarine-launched ballistic missile to date, the RSM-56 Bulava. Although she was built as a third generation submarine, the vessel is now referred to as a fourth generation submarine due to her extensive modifications.
The first launch of a Bulava missile was carried out by Dmitriy Donskoy on 27 September 2005. The vessel was surfaced and fired the missile from a point in the White Sea. On 21 December 2005, the new missile system was tested underwater for the first time. It successfully hit a target on the Kura Test Range on the Kamchatka Peninsula.
Dmitriy Donskoy and the rest of the Typhoons are to be replaced by the Russian fourth generation submarine class, the Borei class.
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- "Russia's Bulava missile hits target in test". RIA Novosti. 2010-10-07. Archived from the original on 2012-10-19.