RHS Garden, Wisley
|RHS Garden, Wisley|
|Area||240 acres (97 ha)|
|Operated by||Royal Horticultural Society|
|Open||All year round|
The Royal Horticultural Society's garden at Wisley in the English county of Surrey south of London, is one of five gardens run by the Society, the others being Harlow Carr, Hyde Hall, Rosemoor, and Bridgewater (opening in 2020). Wisley is the second most visited paid entry garden in the United Kingdom after the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, with 1,232,772 visitors in 2019.
Wisley was founded by Victorian businessman and RHS member George Ferguson Wilson, who purchased a 60-acre (243,000 m²) site in 1878. He established the "Oakwood Experimental Garden" on part of the site, where he attempted to "make difficult plants grow successfully". Wilson died in 1902 and Oakwood (which was also known as Glebe Farm) was purchased by Sir Thomas Hanbury, the creator of the celebrated garden La Mortola on the Italian Riviera. He gave the Wisley site to the RHS in 1903.
Directors have included;
- Frederick Chittenden (1919–1931)
- Robert Lewis Harrow (1931–1946)
- John Gilmour (1946–1951)
- Harold Roy Fletcher (1951–1954)
- Francis Philip Knight (1954–1969)
- Christopher Brickell (1969–1985)
- Peter Joseph Maudsley (1985–1987)
- Philip McMillan Browse
Wisley is now a large and diverse garden covering 240 acres (971,000 m²). In addition to numerous formal and informal decorative gardens, several glasshouses and an extensive arboretum, it includes small scale "model gardens" which are intended to show visitors what they can achieve in their own gardens, and a trials field where new cultivars are assessed. The laboratory, for both scientific research and training, was originally opened in 1907, but proved inadequate. It was expanded and its exterior was rebuilt during World War I. It was designated a Grade II Listed building in 1985. Visitor numbers increased significantly from 5,250 in 1905, to 11,000 in 1908, 48,000 in the late 1920s, and 170,000 in 1957, and passed 400,000 in 1978, 500,000 in 1985, and 600,000 in 1987.
In April 2005, Alan Titchmarsh cut the turf to mark the start of construction of the Bicentenary Glasshouse. This major new feature covers three quarters of an acre (3,000 m²) and overlooks a new lake built at the same time. It is divided into three main planting zones representing desert, tropical and temperate climates. It was budgeted at £7.7 million and opened on 26 June 2007. A £20 million Welcome Building including a larger restaurant, cafe and visitor facilities was opened by Alan Titchmarsh on 10 June 2019.
Wisley has a large number of features, including the following:
- Glasshouse with desert, tropical and temperate climates, and with special topical displays
- Clore Learning Centre
- Alpine houses
- Plant information centre
- Trials field (where plants are submitted for trial, allowing some to be awarded the prestigious Award of Garden Merit)
- Fruit field, featuring large numbers of apples, pears and other fruit grown in various forms.
- Model gardens, each of a size attainable in gardens attached to houses
- Vegetable garden
- Rock garden and alpine meadow on a sloping site
- Wild garden
- Walled garden
- Canal with water lilies in season
- Battleston Hill, which includes many rhododendrons and azaleas
- Rose borders and mixed borders
- Jubilee arboretum
- National heather collection
Visitor facilities include cafés and restaurant, car parks, plant centre, etc.
Orchid in the glasshouse, 2013
Spring Crocus In Flower, January 2013
Trials field at Wisley showing some of the hundreds of varieties assessed for the Award of Garden Merit
Quercus robur beside the laboratory
- "ALVA - Association of Leading Visitor Attractions". www.alva.org.uk. Retrieved 23 October 2020.
- RHS 2017.
- RHS 2017, History of Wisley garden
- Elliott, Brent. "'Experimental Gardening: Wisley in the Nineteenth Century' in Occasional Papers from the RHS Lindley Library, volume 11, January 2014" (PDF). Retrieved 26 April 2021.
- "RHS Garden Wisley (Surrey) © Open Garden at Gardens-Guide.com". Retrieved 24 May 2016.
- Brent Elliott: The Royal Horticultural Society, A History 1804-2004. Published by Phillimore & Co. Ltd. ISBN 1-86077-272-2.
- "Hanbury, Sir Thomas (1832-1907) Knight, Shanghai merchant and botanist". Retrieved 24 May 2016.
- Desmond 1994.
- First turf cut
- "Wisley Bicentennial Glass house opens for business". Landscape Juice. Retrieved 24 May 2016.
- Morgan, Ben (7 June 2019). "Take a first look at RHS Garden Wisley's £20 million revamp". Evening Standard. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
- Visitors' map
- "Explore our RHS Libraries in London and RHS Gardens".
- Elliott, Brent. "The British Rock Garden in the Twentieth Century in Occasional Papers from the RHS Lindley Library, volume 6, May 2011, pp 3-9" (PDF).
- RHS (2017). "RHS Garden Wisley". Retrieved 3 January 2017.
- Desmond, Ray (1994) . Dictionary of British and Irish botanists and horticulturalists: including plant collectors, flower painters and garden designers (2nd ed.). London: Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9780850668438.
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