RIAA certification

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In the United States, the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) awards certification based on the number of albums and singles sold through retail and other ancillary markets.[1] Other countries have similar awards (see music recording sales certification). Certification is not automatic; for an award to be made, the record label must request certification and pay a fee to have the sales of the recording audited.[citation needed] The audit is conducted against net shipments after returns (most often an artist's royalty statement is used), which includes albums sold directly to retailers and one-stops, direct-to-consumer sales (music clubs and mail order) and other outlets.

Description and qualifications[edit]

A platinum award for the album GHV2 of Madonna.

Presently, an American RIAA-certified Gold record is a single or album that has sold 500,000 units (records, tapes or compact discs). Originally, the requirement for a Gold single was one million units sold and a Gold album represented $1 million in sales (at wholesale value). In 1975, the additional requirement of 500,000 units sold was added for Gold albums.[citation needed] Reflecting growth in record sales, the Platinum award was instituted in 1976[citation needed] for albums selling one million units and singles selling two million units. The Multi-Platinum award was instituted in 1984,[citation needed] signifying multiple Platinum levels of albums and singles. In 1989, the sales thresholds for singles were reduced to 500,000 for Gold and 1,000,000 for Platinum, reflecting a decrease in sales of singles.[citation needed] In 1992, RIAA began counting each disc in a multi-disc set as one unit toward certification. Reflecting additional growth in music sales, the Diamond award was instituted in 1999 for albums or singles selling ten million units. Because of these changes in criteria, the sales level associated with a particular award depends on when the award was made.

Nielsen SoundScan figures are not used in RIAA certification; the RIAA system predates Nielsen SoundScan and includes sales outlets Nielsen misses.[citation needed] Prior to Nielsen SoundScan, RIAA certification was the only audited and verifiable system for tracking music sales in the U.S.; it is still the only system capable of tracking 100% of sales (albeit as shipments less returns, not actual sales like Nielsen SoundScan).[citation needed] This system has allowed, at times, for record labels to promote an album as Gold or Platinum simply based on large shipments. For instance, in 1978 the Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band soundtrack shipped platinum but was a sales bust, with two million returns.[2] Similarly, all four solo albums by the members of Kiss simultaneously shipped Platinum that same year but did not reach the top 20 of the Billboard 200 album chart.[3] The following year, the RIAA began requiring 120 days from the release date before recordings were eligible for certification, although that requirement has been reduced over the years and currently stands at 30 days. Sony was roundly criticized in 1995 for hyping Michael Jackson's double album HIStory as five times Platinum, based on shipments of 2.5 million and using the RIAA's recently adopted practice of counting each disc toward certification, while SoundScan was reporting only 1.3 million copies sold.[4] A similar discrepancy between shipments and sales was reported with The Lion King soundtrack.[5]

List of certifications[edit]

Records[edit]

  • 500,000 units: Gold album
  • 1,000,000 units: Platinum album
  • 2,000,000 or more units: Double-Platinum album
  • 3,000,000 or more units: Multi-Platinum album
  • 10,000,000 units: Diamond album

For further information, see Music recording sales certification.

Multi-disc[edit]

Multi-disc albums are counted once for each disc within the album if it is over 100 minutes in length or is from the vinyl era. For example, each copy of The Smashing Pumpkins's Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness (running time of 121:39), OutKast's Speakerboxxx/The Love Below (running time of 134:56), and Shania Twain's Up! (145:44), all double albums, were counted twice, meaning each album was certified diamond after 5 million copies were shipped. Pink Floyd's The Wall and The Beatles' White Album, both vinyl-era, are also counted double even though their running times are under the minimum requirement.

Spanish[edit]

Since 2000, RIAA also awards Los Premios de Oro y De Platino to recordings of which over 50% of the content is in the Spanish language.

For Spanish-language albums certified after December 2013, the award levels are:[6]

  • 30,000 units: Disco de Oro
  • 60,000 units: Disco de Platino
  • 120,000 units: Disco de Multi-Platino
  • 600,000 units: Disco de Diamante

For certifications made prior to December 2013, the award levels are:[7]

  • 50,000 units: Disco de Oro
  • 100,000 units: Disco de Platino
  • 200,000 units: Disco de Multi-Platino
  • 1,000,000 units: Disco de Diamante

Note: The number of sales required to qualify for Oro and Platino awards was higher prior to January 1, 2008.[7] The thresholds were 100,000 units (Oro) and 200,000 units (Platino). All Spanish-language albums certified prior to 2008 were updated to match the current certification at the time.[7][8] "La Bomba" by Bolivian group Azul Azul is the only single to receive a Latin certification based on shipments before the creation of the Latin digital singles awards in 2013.[9] The Disco de Diamante award was introduced after the RIAA updated the thresholds for Latin certifications in December 2013. The Disco de Diamante is awarded to Latin albums that have been certified 10× Platinum.[10][11]

Singles[edit]

It is estimated that there have been about 2,550 combined single certifications.[citation needed]

Standard singles are certified:

  • Gold when it ships 500,000 copies
  • Platinum when it ships 1,000,000 copies
  • Multi-Platinum when it ships at least 2,000,000 copies

Note: The number of sales required to qualify for Gold and Platinum discs was higher prior to January 1, 1989. The thresholds were previously 1,000,000 units (Gold) and 2,000,000 units (Platinum).[12]

Digital singles are certified:

  • Gold means 500,000 certification units
  • Platinum means 1,000,000 certification units
  • Multi-Platinum means 2,000,000+ certification units

From 2004 through July 2006, the certification level was 100,000 downloads for Gold and 200,000 for Platinum. When the RIAA changed the certification standards to match retail distribution in August 2006, all Platinum and Multi-Platinum awards for a digital release were withdrawn. Gold certifications, however, were not, meaning a song that was downloaded over 100,000 times and certified so by the RIAA during that time frame retains its Gold status.[13]

Starting May 9, 2013 RIAA certifications for singles in the "digital" category include on-demand audio and/or video song streams in addition to downloads at a rate of 100 streams=1 certification "unit".[14][15]

Latin digital singles are certified:

  • Disco de Oro (Gold) means 30,000 certification units
  • Disco de Platino (Platinum) means 60,000 certification units
  • Disco de Multi-Platino (Multi-Platinum) means 120,000+ certification units

The Latin Digital Single Awards began on December 20, 2013. As with the digital sales, 100 streams count as one download sale.[6]

Video Longform[edit]

Along with albums, digital albums, and singles there is another classification of music release called "Video Longform." This release format includes DVD and VHS releases, and certain live albums and compilation albums. The certification criteria is slightly different from other styles.[16]

  • Gold: 50,000
  • Platinum: 100,000
  • Multi-Platinum: 200,000 copies

Records[edit]

Lists from RIAA site showing current status holders of RIAA Certifications:

Artists with the most certifications of Gold, Platinum and Multi-Platinum albums as of July 2015[edit]

Albums that have been certified Gold might receive additional certifications for achieving Platinum and Multi-Platinum levels.

Artist # Gold # Platinum # Multi-Platinum Total Source
AC/DC 22 20 12 54 [17]
Aerosmith 25 18 12 55 [17]
Alabama 22 20 10 52 [17]
The Beach Boys 20 9 6 35 [17]
The Beatles 48 42 26 116 [17]
Bee Gees 15 9 2 26 [17]
Garth Brooks 21 21 15 57 [17]
Jimmy Buffett 17 9 3 29 [17]
Mariah Carey 15 13 9 37 [17]
Johnny Cash 19 10 5 34 [17]
Kenny Chesney 16 11 5 32 [17]
Chicago 23 18 8 49 [17]
Eric Clapton 25 12 8 45 [17]
John Denver 21 13 7 41 [17]
Neil Diamond 40 21 11 72 [17]
The Doors 20 14 5 39 [17]
Bob Dylan 36 16 5 57 [17]
Grateful Dead 21 6 4 31 [17]
Jimi Hendrix 17 10 6 33 [17]
Isley Brothers 15 10 3 28 [17]
Alan Jackson 18 15 8 41 [17]
Michael Jackson 15 13 9 37 [17]
Jay Z 15 15 8 38 [17]
Jefferson Airplane/Starship 20 5 1 26 [17]
Jethro Tull 15 3 1 19 [17]
Billy Joel 18 17 12 47 [17]
Elton John 38 27 12 77 [17]
Toby Keith 18 12 5 35 [17]
Kenny G 15 11 8 34 [17]
Kiss 26 10 3 39 [17]
Led Zeppelin 19 18 14 51 [17]
Lynyrd Skynyrd 19 13 7 39 [17]
Madonna 20 17 12 49 [17]
Barry Manilow 24 13 6 43 [17]
Mannheim Steamroller 19 8 4 31 [17]
Johnny Mathis 16 6 2 24 [17]
Dave Matthews Band 17 14 7 38 [17]
Paul McCartney 16 7 4 27 [17]
Reba McEntire 27 19 9 55 [17]
John Mellencamp 15 12 5 32 [17]
Anne Murray 15 6 2 23 [17]
Willie Nelson 22 16 7 45 [17]
Ozzy Osbourne 15 12 9 36 [17]
Tom Petty 15 7 4 26 [17]
Pink Floyd 19 15 12 46 [17]
Elvis Presley 90 52 25 167 [17]
Prince 23 16 7 46 [17]
Queen 19 12 7 38 [17]
Kenny Rogers 31 19 8 58 [17]
The Rolling Stones 43 28 11 82 [17]
Linda Ronstadt 17 13 7 37 [17]
Rush 24 14 3 41 [17]
Santana 21 10 7 38 [17]
Frank Sinatra 34 10 4 48 [17]
Bruce Springsteen 22 17 10 49 [17]
Rod Stewart 27 19 10 56 [17]
George Strait 39 33 13 85 [17]
Barbra Streisand 52 31 13 96 [17]
James Taylor 20 14 5 39 [17]
The Temptations 19 6 1 26 [17]
U2 16 16 11 43 [17]
Luther Vandross 19 15 7 41 [17]
The Who 18 12 5 35 [17]
Hank Williams, Jr. 23 8 1 32 [17]
Neil Young 18 7 3 28 [17]

Artists with the most certifications of Gold, Platinum and Multi-Platinum singles as of January 2011[edit]

Singles that have been certified Gold might receive additional certifications for achieving Platinum and Multi-Platinum levels. For example, Barbra Streisand has had 8 singles certified Gold, 5 of which went on to achieve Platinum certification as well.

This list includes the RIAA formats 'Single','12 inch single' and 'Video Single'. This list includes singles of the RIAA types 'standard' and 'digital'.

  • Very few artists ever received a Gold 12-inch single (Donna Summer, Barbra Streisand for "Enough Is Enough", and Madonna for "Angel/Into The Groove")
  • 12 inch singles were given a Gold certification after sales of 500,000 or more copies sold. This took place back when more 12-inch singles were manufactured and sold.

This table tracks artists with some number of singles that have received at least ten total certifications.

Artist # Gold # Platinum # Multi-Platinum Total source
Elvis Presley 55 28 8 91 [18]
Rihanna 41 33 29 103 [19]
Lil Wayne 29 23 6 56 [20]
Mariah Carey 28 14 4 46 [21]
Taylor Swift 13 13 19 45 [22]
Madonna 26+Gold 12 inch 8 2 37 [23]
Beyoncé 28 13 4 56 [24][25]
The Beatles 24 6 4 34 [26]
Michael Jackson 21 9 1 30 [27]
Whitney Houston 27 11 3 41 [28]
Janet Jackson 21 5 - 26 [29]
Elton John 18 6 1 25 [30]
Lady Gaga 10 9 25 44 [31]
Kanye West 27 21 7 55 [32]
Carrie Underwood 22 18 7 47 [33]
The Temptations 17 6 - 23 [34]
R. Kelly 11 7 - 18 [35]
Usher 11 7 - 18 [36]
Chris Brown 10 6 2 18 [37]
T.I. 9 13 3 25 [38]
Boyz II Men 10 7 - 17 [39]
Jay-Z 26 21 4 51 [40]
Linkin Park 9 6 2 17 [41]
Black Eyed Peas 9 4 6 19 [42]
Donna Summer 12+Gold 12 inch 3 - 16 [43]
Britney Spears 12 9 4 25 [44][45]
Justin Timberlake 9 5 1 15 [46]
Aretha Franklin 15 - - 15 [47]
Nelly 12 3 1 16 [48]
Bee Gees 11 4 - 15 [49]
Creedence Clearwater Revival 10 5 - 15 [50]
Ludacris 9 5 - 14 [51]
Kenny Chesney 14 - - 14 [52]
Prince 12 2 - 14 [53]
Flo Rida 7 4 7 18 [54]
Monica 7 6 1 14 [55]
Paul McCartney 12 1 - 13 [56]
Olivia Newton-John 11 2 - 13 [57]
Brad Paisley 10 3 - 13 [58]
Celine Dion 9 4 - 13 [59]
TLC 9 4 - 13 [60]
Tim McGraw 8 3 2 13 [61]
Barbra Streisand 8+Gold 12 inch 5 - 14 [62]
T-Pain 7 5 2 14 [63]
Alicia Keys 7 4 2 13 [64]
Diddy 7 4 2 13 [65]
Fergie 5 5 3 13 [66]
Bruno Mars 5 4 4 13 [67]
50 Cent 10 2 - 12 [68]
Notorious B.I.G 8 4 - 12 [69]
Shakira 7 4 1 12 [70]
Christina Aguilera 14 8 - 22 [71]
Kelly Clarkson 11 4 - 15 [72]
Jason Aldean 9 5 4 19 [73]
Sugarland 8 3 1 12 [74]
Avril Lavigne 8 2 1 11 [75]
Nicki Minaj 7 4 2 13 [74]
Ne-Yo 6 5 - 11 [76]
The Carpenters 10 - - 10 [77]
L.L. Cool J 8 2 - 10 [78]
John Mayer 8 2 - 10 [79]
Destiny's Child 19 9 - 28 [80]
Bone Thugs-N-Harmony 6 3 1 10 [81]
Red Hot Chili Peppers 6 3 2 11 [82]
Rascal Flatts 6 4 - 10 [83]
Fall Out Boy 5 4 2 11 [84]
Natasha Bedingfield 5 3 2 10 [85]
Ke$ha 4 4 2 10 [86]
Epic Rap Battles of History 10 0 0 10 [87]

RIAA Diamond certifications[edit]

Diamond (10+ million) certified albums and singles[88]

Year of Release Artist(s) Album Label(s) Certification Year of Certification Release Type
1976 Eagles Their Greatest Hits (1971–1975) Asylum/Elektra 29× Platinum 2006 Album (Greatest Hits)
1982 Michael Jackson Thriller Epic/Legacy 29× Platinum 2009 Album
1985 Billy Joel Greatest Hits Volume I & Volume II Columbia 23× Platinum 2011 Album (Greatest Hits)
1971 Led Zeppelin Led Zeppelin IV Atlantic 23× Platinum 2006 Album
1979 Pink Floyd The Wall Columbia/Capitol 23× Platinum 1999 Album
1980 AC/DC Back in Black Atlantic/Epic 22× Platinum 2007 Album
1998 Garth Brooks Double Live Capitol Nashville 21× Platinum 2006 Album (Live Album)
1977 Fleetwood Mac Rumours Warner Bros. 20× Platinum 2014 Album
1997 Shania Twain Come On Over Mercury Nashville 20× Platinum 2004 Album
1968 The Beatles The Beatles Apple 19× Platinum 2001 Album
1987 Guns N' Roses Appetite for Destruction Geffen 18× Platinum 2008 Album
1976 Boston Boston Epic 17× Platinum 2003 Album
1990 Garth Brooks No Fences Capitol 17× Platinum 2006 Album
1973 The Beatles 1967-1970 EMI/Apple 17× Platinum 2010 Album (Greatest Hits)
1992 Whitney Houston The Bodyguard: Original Soundtrack Album Arista 17× Platinum 1999 Album (Soundtrack)
1995 Alanis Morissette Jagged Little Pill Maverick 16× Platinum 1998 Album
1976 Eagles Hotel California Asylum 16× Platinum 2001 Album
1974 Elton John Greatest Hits MCA/Polydor 16× Platinum 2003 Album (Greatest Hits)
1994 Hootie & the Blowfish Cracked Rear View Atlantic 16× Platinum 1999 Album
1975 Led Zeppelin Physical Graffiti Swan Song 16× Platinum 2006 Album
1991 Metallica Metallica Atlantic/Elektra 16× Platinum 2012 Album
1984 Bob Marley & The Wailers Legend Island 15× Platinum 2014 Album (Compilation)
1984 Bruce Springsteen Born in the U.S.A. Columbia 15× Platinum 1995 Album
1988 Journey Greatest Hits Columbia 15× Platinum 2011 Album (Greatest Hits)
1973 Pink Floyd The Dark Side of the Moon Harvest 15× Platinum 1998 Album
1999 Santana Supernatural Arista 15× Platinum 2003 Album
1977 Soundtrack / Bee Gees Saturday Night Fever: The Original Movie Sound Track RSO 15× Platinum 1999 Album (Soundtrack)
1973 The Beatles 1962-1966 Apple 15× Platinum 2001 Album (Greatest Hits)
1997 Backstreet Boys Backstreet Boys Jive 14× Platinum 2001 Album
1999 Britney Spears ...Baby One More Time Jive 14× Platinum 2004 Album
1991 Garth Brooks Ropin' the Wind Capitol 14× Platinum 1998 Album
1977 Meat Loaf Bat Out of Hell Cleveland International/Epic 14× Platinum 2001 Album
1972 Simon & Garfunkel Simon and Garfunkel's Greatest Hits Columbia 14× Platinum 2003 Album (Greatest Hits)
1999 Backstreet Boys Millennium Jive 13× Platinum 2001 Album
1986 Bruce Springsteen & the E Street Band Live/1975–85 Columbia 13× Platinum 1999 Album (Live Album)
1991 Pearl Jam Ten Epic 13× Platinum 2009 Album
1984 Prince and The Revolution Purple Rain Warner Bros. 13× Platinum 1996 Album
1978 Steve Miller Band Greatest Hits 1974-78 Capitol 13× Platinum 2003 Album (Greatest Hits)
1985 Whitney Houston Whitney Houston Arista 13× Platinum 1999 Album
2010 Justin Bieber "Baby" (Feat. Ludacris) Island/Def Jam 12× Platinum 2013 Single
1986 Bon Jovi Slippery When Wet Mercury 12× Platinum 1995 Album
1994 Boyz II Men II Motown 12× Platinum 1996 Album
1987 Def Leppard Hysteria Mercury 12× Platinum 1998 Album
1998 Dixie Chicks Wide Open Spaces Monument 12× Platinum 2003 Album
1995 Jewel Pieces of You Atlantic 12× Platinum 2006 Album
1992 Kenny G Breathless Arista 12× Platinum 1998 Album
1980 Kenny Rogers Greatest Hits Liberty 12× Platinum 1997 Album (Greatest Hits)
1969 Led Zeppelin Led Zeppelin II Atlantic 12× Platinum 1999 Album
1996 Matchbox Twenty Yourself or Someone Like You Atlantic 12× Platinum 2001 Album
1985 Phil Collins No Jacket Required Atlantic 12× Platinum 2001 Album
1995 Shania Twain The Woman in Me Mercury Nashville 12× Platinum 2000 Album
1994 Soundtrack Forrest Gump Epic 12× Platinum 2000 Album (Soundtrack)
1969 The Beatles Abbey Road Apple 12× Platinum 2001 Album
1971 The Rolling Stones Hot Rocks 1964-1971 London 12× Platinum 2002 Album (Greatest Hits)
2000 *NSYNC No Strings Attached Jive 11× Platinum 2001 Album
2011 Adele 21 XL/Columbia 11× Platinum 2015 Album
1980 Aerosmith Aerosmith's Greatest Hits Columbia 11× Platinum 2007 Album (Greatest Hits)
1996 Celine Dion Falling Into You 550 Music/Epic 11× Platinum 2001 Album
1999 Creed Human Clay Wind-up 11× Platinum 2004 Album
1982 Eagles Eagles Greatest Hits, Volume 2 Asylum 11× Platinum 2002 Album (Greatest Hits)
1997 Elton John "Candle in the Wind 1997"/"Something About the Way You Look Tonight" Rocket 11× Platinum 1997 Single (Double A-side)
2010 Eminem "Love the Way You Lie" (Feat. Rihanna) Aftermath/Interscope/Shady 11× Platinum 2013 Single
1976 James Taylor Greatest Hits Warner Bros. 11× Platinum 1996 Album (Greatest Hits)
1998 Kid Rock Devil Without a Cause Lava/Atlantic 11× Platinum 2003 Album
1973 Led Zeppelin Houses of the Holy Atlantic 11× Platinum 1999 Album
2003 Outkast Speakerboxxx/The Love Below LaFace/Arista/So So Def 11× Platinum 2006 Album
2002 Shania Twain Up! Mercury Nashville 11× Platinum 2004 Album
1987 Soundtrack Dirty Dancing RCA 11× Platinum 1994 Album (Soundtrack)
1997 Soundtrack Titanic: Music from the Motion Picture Sony Classical 11× Platinum 2000 Album (Soundtrack)
2000 The Beatles 1 Capitol 11× Platinum 2010 Album (Greatest Hits)
1967 The Beatles Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band Capitol 11× Platinum 1997 Album
1994 TLC CrazySexyCool LaFace 11× Platinum 1999 Album
2009 Lady Gaga "Bad Romance" Streamline/Interscope 11× Platinum 2015 Single
1998 *NSYNC *NSYNC RCA 10× Platinum 2000 Album
1996 2Pac All Eyez On Me Death Row/Interscope 10× Platinum 2014 Album
1998 2Pac Greatest Hits Interscope 10× Platinum 2011 Album (Greatest Hits)
1986 Beastie Boys Licensed To Ill Def Jam 10× Platinum 2015 Album
1977 Billy Joel The Stranger Columbia 10× Platinum 2003 Album
2000 Britney Spears Oops!... I Did It Again Jive 10× Platinum 2005 Album
1971 Carole King Tapestry Ode 10× Platinum 1995 Album
1997 Celine Dion Let's Talk About Love 550 Music/Epic 10× Platinum 1999 Album
1983 Def Leppard Pyromania Mercury 10× Platinum 2004 Album
1999 Dixie Chicks Fly Monument 10× Platinum 2002 Album
1976 Doobie Brothers Best of The Doobies Warner Bros. 10× Platinum 1996 Album (Greatest Hits)
1970 Elvis Presley Elvis' Christmas Album RCA Camden/Pickwick 10× Platinum 2011 Album
2002 Eminem The Eminem Show Aftermath/Interscope/Shady 10× Platinum 2011 Album
2000 Eminem The Marshall Mathers LP Aftermath/Interscope/Shady 10× Platinum 2011 Album
2010 Eminem "Not Afraid" Aftermath/Interscope/Shady 10× Platinum 2014 Single
1992 Eric Clapton Unplugged Reprise 10× Platinum 1996 Album (Live Album)
1989 Garth Brooks Garth Brooks Capitol 10× Platinum 2006 Album
1997 Garth Brooks Sevens Capitol Nashville 10× Platinum 2006 Album
1994 Garth Brooks The Hits Liberty 10× Platinum 1998 Album (Greatest Hits)
1987 George Michael Faith Columbia 10× Platinum 1996 Album
1994 Green Day Dookie Reprise 10× Platinum 1999 Album
2012 Imagine Dragons "Radioactive" KIDinaKORNER/Interscope 10x Platinum 2015 Single
1990 Led Zeppelin Led Zeppelin Atlantic 10× Platinum 2006 Album (Boxed Set)
2000 Linkin Park Hybrid Theory Warner Bros. 10× Platinum 2005 Album
1983 Lionel Richie Can't Slow Down Motown 10× Platinum 1985 Album
1984 Madonna Like a Virgin Sire 10× Platinum 1998 Album
1990 Madonna The Immaculate Collection Sire 10× Platinum 2001 Album (Greatest Hits)
1995 Mariah Carey Daydream Columbia 10× Platinum 1998 Album
1993 Mariah Carey Music Box Columbia 10× Platinum 1997 Album
1990 MC Hammer Please Hammer, Don't Hurt 'Em Capitol 10× Platinum 1991 Album
1991 Nirvana Nevermind DGC 10× Platinum 1999 Album
1995 No Doubt Tragic Kingdom Trauma/Interscope 10× Platinum 1999 Album
2002 Norah Jones Come Away With Me Blue Note 10× Platinum 2005 Album
1967 Patsy Cline Patsy Cline's Greatest Hits Decca/MCA 10× Platinum 2005 Album (Greatest Hits)
1994 Soundtrack The Lion King: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack Walt Disney 10× Platinum 1995 Album (Soundtrack)
1976 Stevie Wonder Songs in the Key of Life Motown 10× Platinum 2005 Album
1985 The Doors The Best of The Doors Elektra 10× Platinum 2007 Album (Greatest Hits)
1997 The Notorious B.I.G. Life After Death Bad Boy/Arista 10× Platinum 2000 Album
1995 The Smashing Pumpkins Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness Virgin 10× Platinum 2012 Album
1993 Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers Greatest Hits MCA 12× Platinum 2015 Album (Greatest Hits)
1987 U2 The Joshua Tree Island 10× Platinum 1995 Album
2004 Usher Confessions Arista/So So Def 10× Platinum 2008 Album
1984 Van Halen 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) Warner Bros. 10× Platinum 1999 Album
1978 Van Halen Van Halen Warner Bros. 10× Platinum 1996 Album
1983 ZZ Top Eliminator Warner Bros. 10× Platinum 1996 Album

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ RIAA certification criteria. Retrieved on September 19, 2006
  2. ^ Hollie, Pamela. "Record Industry: Big Changes" The New York Times January 12, 1980: 27
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  5. ^ Philips, Chuck (January 15, 1995). "Sold, Shipped, What's the Diff? : About 2 million albums, in the case of 'The Lion King,' pointing up the disparity between industry's sales tally and SoundScan's". Los Angeles Times. p. 67. Retrieved June 24, 2012. 
  6. ^ a b "RIAA Updates Latin Gold & Platinum Program". RIAA. December 20, 2013. Retrieved March 10, 2014. 
  7. ^ a b c Lamy, Jonathon (February 14, 2008). "Country Takes The Crop". RIAA. Retrieved July 11, 2011. 
  8. ^ "RIAA Launches 'Los Premios de Oro y De Platino' to Recognize Top Latin Artists" (Press release). RIAA. January 25, 2000. Retrieved February 15, 2011. 
  9. ^ Cobo, Leila (August 18, 2001). "Latin Notas". Billboard (Prometheus Global Media) 113 (33): 32. Retrieved April 11, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Diamante Awards". RIAA. Retrieved January 30, 2015. 
  11. ^ "History of the Awards". RIAA. Retrieved January 20, 2015. 
  12. ^ Grein, Paul (May 14, 1989). "New Golden Rule: 500,000 Sales Mark for All Singles". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 12 November 2010. 
  13. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2009). Top Pop Singles 1955-2008 (12th ed.). p. 14. ISBN 0-89820-180-2. 
  14. ^ "RIAA Adds Digital Streams To Historic Gold & Platinum Awards". Recording Industry Association of America. May 9, 2013. Retrieved May 9, 2013. 
  15. ^ "NEW "COMBINED" DIGITAL SINGLE AWARD". Recording Industry Association of America. May 9, 2013. Retrieved May 10, 2013. 
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  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm "Gold & Platinum: Artist Tallies". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved October 9, 2014. 
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  85. ^ "RIAA Gold and Platinum Search for singles by Natasha Bedingfield". Riaa.com. Retrieved 2011-08-05. 
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External links[edit]