RMAS Typhoon (A95)

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RMAS Typhoon
RMAS Typhoon in Port Stanley during the Falklands War
History
RMAS EnsignUnited Kingdom
Name: RMAS Typhoon
Builder: Henry Robb & Co Ltd, Leith[1]
Launched: 14 October 1958[1]
Commissioned: 1960[1]
General characteristics
Type: Ocean-going tug
Displacement:
  • 800 tons standard
  • 1380 tons full load[1]
Length: 200 ft (61 m)'[1]
Beam: 40 ft (12 m)'[1]
Draught: 13 ft (4.0 m)'[1]
Propulsion:
  • 2 turbocharged ASR 1 Vee-type 12-cylinder diesels; single shaft
  • Cp propeller, 150 rpm
  • 2750 bhp[1]
Speed: 16+ kts[1]
Complement: 15 (est.)[2]
Armament: None
Notes: Bollard pull 32 tons. Fitted for fire-fighting, salvage and ocean rescue.

RMAS Typhoon (A95) was an ocean-going tug of the Royal Maritime Auxiliary Service (RMAS). She was designed for ocean towing, rescue, salvage and fire-fighting. She is notable as being the first ship to leave the United Kingdom ahead of the task force for the South Atlantic during the 1982 Falklands War, and for her fishery protection role in the Cod Wars.[2]

History[edit]

The ship was repaired at Falmouth ship repair yard on 19 October 1979,[3] and was also involved in the rescue of the Spanish butane tanker, MV Butaseis, which was aflame and drifting towards the village of Brixton, Devon.[4] The tug stayed as part of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary until included in the RMAS.

Typhoon saw service in the Falklands War until May 1987 under Captain J N Morris with an all-civilian crew from Portland Harbour.[5] She was the first ship – albeit a civilian vessel – to leave the UK ahead of the task force, and a member of the crew placed the Welsh flag on board RFA Sir Galahad just before Typhoon towed her out to sea to be scuttled by a submarine.[6] During the war, the ship was heavily involved in logistic duties, transferring fresh water to the task force at a rate of 18 tons per trip, and loading part of 17 Brigade onto the MV Norland in preparation for the San Carlos landings.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Moore, John (1984). Jane's Fighting Ships 1983-84. Jane's Publishing. p. 611. ISBN 0-7106-0774-1. 
  2. ^ a b Jónsson, Hannes (1982). "Appendix D: The Balance Of Power At Sea During The Third Cod War 1975–1976". Friends in Conflict - The Anglo-Icelandic Cod Wars and the Law of the Sea. London: C. Hurst and Co. (Publishers) Ltd. p. 218. ISBN 0-905838-78-5. 
  3. ^ "Ship Repairs (Falmouth)". Hansard. House of Commons. 27 March 1980. Retrieved 7 October 2010. 
  4. ^ "Tanker "Butaseis"". Hansard. House of Commons. 14 January 1980. Retrieved 7 October 2010. 
  5. ^ "Task Force Ships Of Operation Corporate". Navy News. Navy News. June 2007. Retrieved 7 October 2010. 
  6. ^ Swinney, Hilda (25 June 2007). "Experience of a lifetime". Dorset Echo. 
  7. ^ "MCHS 0043 – Historical Record – Op Corporate". Movement Control Officers' Club. Retrieved 7 October 2010.