RMS Empress of France (1914)
|Owner:||Allan Line, Liverpool|
|Port of registry:||United Kingdom|
|Launched:||22 March 1913|
|Maiden voyage:||17 January 1914|
|Fate:||Sold to Canadian Pacific Ocean Service in 1919|
|Name:||Empress of France|
|Owner:||Canadian Pacific Ocean Service|
|Port of registry:||Canada|
|Length:||571.4 ft (174.2 m)|
|Beam:||72.4 ft (22.1 m),|
|Propulsion:||turbines driving 4 shafts|
In total, the ship's service history encompasses 99 trans-Atlantic voyages, 5 trans-Pacific voyages, and 8 other cruises in addition to her war service.
This ship was the first North Atlantic liner with a cruiser stern. The vessel was built by William Beardmore & Co Ltd. at Glasgow. She was an 18,481 gross tonnage ship, length 571.4 ft x beam 72.4 ft (22.1 m), two funnels, two masts, four propellers and a speed of 18 knots. Her initial configuration provided accommodation for 287 1st class, 504 2nd class and 848 3rd class passengers.
The ocean liner was initially launched as SS Alsatian on 22 March 1912. She sailed from Liverpool on her maiden voyage to Saint John, New Brunswick for the Allan Line on 17 January 1914. On 22 May 1914, set out on her first trans-Atlantic crossing from Liverpool to Quebec.
Her last voyage that summer began on 17 July 1914; and when she returned to Europe, the nascent war in Europe brought a close to this truncated peacetime period of the ship's history.
World War I
During the First World War, Alsatian was converted into an Armed Merchant Cruiser, with an initial armament of eight 4.7-inch (120-mm) guns, although she was later re-armed with eight 6-inch (152-mm) guns and two 6-pounder (57-mm) anti-aircraft guns. Following conversion, she joined the 10th Cruiser Squadron patrolling off the Shetland Islands as part of the Northern Patrol maintaining the blockade of Germany. HMS Alsatian became flagship for Rear-Admiral Sir Dudley de Chair. Later, Alsatian served as flagship for Vice-Admiral Sir Reginald Tupper. During the war years, she became one of the first ships to be fitted with the new wireless direction-finding apparatus. After the squadron was retired in 1917, she was re-fitted for peacetime service.
Between the wars
At war's end, the ship was added to the fleet of Canadian Pacific Ocean Services Ltd. (CP), which absorbed the entire Allan Line fleet. On 28 September 1918, Alsatian began her first voyage from Liverpool to Canada as a newly flagged ship of the Canadian Pacific fleet. After a second, trans-Atlantic voyage, Alsatian was taken out of service for refitting at Glasgow.
The ship was renamed Empress of France on 4 April 1919.
The first voyage as Empress of France began of 26 September 1919. She sailed from Liverpool to Quebec. On 3 May 1922, her regular route was changed; and she sailed between Southampton, Cherbourg and Quebec. On 31 May 1922, the route was modified yet again; and she sailed between Hamburg, Southampton, Cherbourg and Quebec.
Empress of France was one of four ocean liners to circumnavigate the world in 1923.
In 1924, the ship was converted from coal to oil fuel. In July 1926, her interiors were re-configured as 1st-class, 2nd-class, tourist-class and 3rd-class accommodations. In January 1927, the interior was again re-configured as 1st-class, tourist-class and 3rd-class.
|1919-09-26||Liverpool, England||1919-10-05||Montreal, Quebec, Canada|
|1919-10||Quebec, Canada||1919-10-16||Liverpool, England|||
|1919-10-21||Liverpool, England||1919-10-28||Quebec, Canada|||
|1919-11||Quebec, Canada||1919-11-08||Liverpool, England||Marquess of Anglesey|||
|1919-11-14||Liverpool, England||1919-11-21||Montreal, Quebec, Canada|||
|1919-11||Quebec, Canada||1919-12-03||Liverpool, England||Harrison Watson, Canadian Government's Chief Trade Commissioner in the United Kingdom|||
|1920-01-07||Liverpool, England||1920-01-16||St. John, New Brunswick, Canada|
|1920-01-21||Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada||1920-01-29||Liverpool, England||Lady Dorothy Cavendish, daughter of the Duke of Devonshire (Governor General of Canada)
Captain Harold Macmillan, Aide-de-Camp to the Duke
|1920-02||Liverpool, England||1920-02-28||St. John, New Brunswick, Canada|||
|1920-03-12||Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada||1920-03-22||Liverpool, England||Duke of Devonshire|||
|1920-04||Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada||1920-04-19||Liverpool, England|||
|1920-05-01||England||Canada||Duke of Devonshire|||
|1920-05||Quebec, Canada||1920-05-22||Liverpool, England|||
|1920-06||Quebec, Canada||1920-06-24||Liverpool, England|||
|1920-06-30||Liverpool, England||1920-07-08||Quebec, Canada|||
|1920-07||Quebec, Canada||1920-07-22||Liverpool, England|||
|1920-08||Quebec, Canada||1920-08-18||Liverpool, England|||
|1920-09||Quebec, Canada||1920-09-15||Liverpool, England|||
|1920-10||Quebec, Canada||1920-10-13||Liverpool, England|||
|1920-11||Quebec, Canada||1920-11-10||Liverpool, England|||
|1920-12-15||Liverpool, England||1920-12-23||St. John, NB, Canada|||
|1922-07-27||Southampton, England||Quebec and Montreal, Canada|||
|1922-09-21||Southampton, England||Quebec and Montreal, Canada|||
|1923-08-08||Southampton, England||1923-08-14||Quebec, Canada||Sir Herbert Samuel Holt, president of the Royal Bank of Canada|||
|1923-09-05||Southampton, England||Quebec, Canada|||
|1927-04-30||Southampton, England||Quebec, Canada||via Cherbourg, France|||
|1928-01-07||Southampton, England||West Indies, South America, South Africa, East Africa, Egypt, Mediterranean|||
|1928-07||Quebec, Canada||1928-07-18||Southampton, England|||
|1930-09-06||Southampton, England||Quebec, Canada||via Cherbourg, France|||
|1931-04-18||Southampton, England||Montreal, Canada||via Cherbourg, France||Sir Frederick Williams-Taylor|||
|1931-08-05||Southampton, England||Quebec, Canada||Lord Shaughnessy, Lieutenant Colonel Sir Martin Archer-Shee|||
On 9 September 1927, Empress of France set out on what was to be her final Hamburg - Southampton - Cherbourg - Quebec voyage. On 8 September 1928, she sailed on final Southampton - Cherbourg - Quebec voyage before being transferred to the Pacific.
On 2 September 1931, Empress of France set out for what was to be her final voyage from Southampton to Cherbourg and Quebec; and in then she was laid up in the Clyde. Empress of France was scrapped at Dalmuir on 20 October 1934.
- CP Ships
- List of ocean liners
- List of ships in British Columbia
- Ronald Niel Stuart VC, DSO, Staff Captain (1924–1926)
- HMS Calgarian (1913) - Alsatians sister ship
- Ship List: Description of Empress of France Archived 4 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- Dittmar and Colledge 1972, p. 119.
- Suydam, Henry. "How the British Blockade Works: An Interview with Rear-Admiral Sir. Dudley de Chair, KCB, MVO," Brooklyn Eagle (New York). 1916.
- Maxtone-Graham, John. (2000). Liners to the Sun, p. 124.
- The Times, Thursday, 23 Oct 1919; pg. 2; Issue 42238; col A
- The Times, Saturday, 6 Dec 1919; pg. 11; Issue 42276; col B
- The Times, Saturday, 28 Feb 1920; pg. 19; Issue 42346; col A
- The Times, Monday, 26 Apr 1920; pg. 17; Issue 42394; col B
- "Ancestry.com - Canadian Passenger Lists, 1865-1935 - Quebec, Quebec; 1920; July; Microfilm page 200 to 262 of 838"
- The Times, Wednesday, 26 Jul 1922; pg. 2; Issue 43093; col A
- The Times, Tuesday, 19 Sep 1922; pg. 2; Issue 43140; col A
- The Times, Thursday, 9 Aug 1923; pg. 11; Issue 43415; col A
- The Times, Tuesday, 21 Aug 1923; pg. 8; Issue 43425; col D
- The Times, Friday, 5 Oct 1923; pg. 13; Issue 43464; col B
- The Times, Friday, 22 Apr 1927; pg. 2; Issue 44562; col A
- The Times, Friday, 22 Jul 1927; pg. 2; Issue 44640; col A
- The Times, Saturday, 6 Sep 1930; pg. 2; Issue 45611; col A
- The Times, Saturday, 18 Apr 1931; pg. 13; Issue 45800; col B
- The Times, Thursday, 6 Aug 1931; pg. 13; Issue 45894; col B
- Dittmar, F. J.; Colledge, J. J. (1972). British Warships 1914–1919. Shepperton, UK: Ian Allan. ISBN 0-7110-0380-7.
- Jellicoe, John (1919). The Grand Fleet 1914–16: Its Creation, Development and Work. London: Cassell and Company. OCLC 859842281.
- Tate, E. Mowbray. (1986). Transpacific Steam: The Story of Steam Navigation from the Pacific Coast of North America to the Far East and the Antipodes, 1867-1941. New York: Cornwall Books. ISBN 978-0-8453-4792-8 (cloth)
- Ships List: Description, RMS Empress of France
- New York Public Library Digital Gallery: NYPL ID 92535, unknown photographer: Empress, portside view
- Prince of Wales descending steps on return from Canada