RMS Franconia (1922)

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RMS FRANCONIA at West Circular Quay in Sydney (8266248782).jpg
RMS Franconia in Sydney, Australia
United Kingdom
NameRMS Franconia
OwnerCunard Line
Port of registryUnited Kingdom Liverpool
BuilderJohn Brown & Co, Clydebank
Launched21 October 1922
CompletedJune 1923
Maiden voyage23 June 1923
FateScrapped at Inverkeithing by Thos. W. Ward, December 1956
General characteristics
TypeOcean liner
Tonnage20,175 GRT
Length601.3 ft (183.3 m)
Beam73.7 ft (22.5 m)
Depth40.6 ft (12.4 m)
Installed power2,562 NHP; 13,500 SHP
PropulsionSix steam turbines with double reduction gearing; twin screws
Speed16.5 knots (30.6 km/h)
Capacity1,700 passengers

The RMS Franconia was an ocean liner operated by the Cunard Line from 1922 to 1956. She was second of three liners named Franconia which served the Cunard Line, the others being RMS Franconia built in 1910 and the third Franconia in 1963.


RMS Franconia world cruise brochure 1925

She was launched on 21 October 1922 at the John Brown & Co shipyard in Clydebank, Scotland. Her maiden voyage was between Liverpool and New York in June 1923; she was employed on this route in the summer months until World War II. In the winter she was used on world cruises.[1][2]

On 26 December 1926, Franconia ran aground at San Juan, Puerto Rico[3] and was refloated three days later.[4]

She had a collision in Shanghai harbour in April 1929 with an Italian gunboat and a Japanese cargo steamer.[5]

Wartime service[edit]

In September 1939, she was requisitioned as a troopship after refitting at Liverpool. She had a collision off Malta with a French troop ship called the Marietta Pacha and was escorted to Malta by the armed merchant cruiser Alcantara, but was repaired in time to take part in the Norwegian campaign.[6] On 16 June 1940, while en route to St Nazaire as part of Operation Aerial (the evacuation of the Second British Expeditionary Force from France), she was damaged by near-misses from German bombs and was escorted back to Liverpool for repairs.[7]

Later in the war, she took troops to India and took part in landings at Madagascar, North Africa, Italy[8] and the Azores.[9] In 1945 she was used as a headquarters ship for Winston Churchill and the British delegation at the Yalta Conference.[10] At the end of the war in Europe, Franconia made several trips across the Atlantic carrying returning US troops and refugees. After VJ Day she was employed repatriating British troops, including freed Prisoners of War, from India.[11] During her government service, she had covered 319,784 miles (514,642 km) and carried 189,239 military personnel.[12]


Franconia was returned to Cunard in June 1948 and was refitted on Clydeside; finally resuming passenger service on 2 June 1949 on the Liverpool to Quebec and Liverpool to Halifax routes.[1] In this role, Franconia brought many postwar immigrants and refugees to Canada. The ship sailed from Liverpool 28 June 1949 and arrived Quebec 5 July and sailed from Liverpool again 21 July arriving Quebec 28 July. In July 1950 she went aground on the Île d'Orléans in the Saint Lawrence River after leaving Quebec.[13] After being pulled off the reef she was repaired and resumed in service on the Canadian run in September 1950.[14] The Franconia was retired in 1956 with her fleetmate RMS Ascania having been replaced on the Canadian run by the Saxonia, Ivernia and the Carinthia.[10]


Franconia's pre-war around-the-world cruises and distinguished wartime service made her a popular name within Cunard so in 1963, RMS Ivernia was renamed Franconia to continue the name within the company. In recognition of her important Canadian immigration role, Cunard Line gave the builder's model of Franconia to the Maritime Museum of the Atlantic in Halifax, Nova Scotia.



  1. ^ a b Grace, Michael L. "Cruise Line History – CUNARD'S FRANCONIA – Around the World in 133 Days".
  2. ^ "Second Around the World Cruise (1923) and Blasco Ibañez". panorama360.es.
  3. ^ "Collision in the Channel". The Times. No. 44464. London. 28 December 1926. col E, p. 10.
  4. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times. No. 44466. London. 30 December 1926. col D, p. 18.
  5. ^ "Liner In Collision At Shanghai". News. The Times. No. 45174. London. 11 April 1929. col D, p. 15.
  6. ^ Fenby, Jonathan (2005). The Sinking of the Lacastria. Simon & Schuster. p. 72. ISBN 0-7434-8943-8.
  7. ^ Fenby, Jonathan (2005). The Sinking of the Lacastria. Simon & Schuster. p. 76. ISBN 0-7434-8943-8.
  8. ^ "Cruises 2022 & 2023- Luxury Holidays with Cunard".
  9. ^ "G R Bromet_P". www.rafweb.org.
  10. ^ a b "Liner Franconia Nears Retirement – Fame As Troopship". News. The Times. No. 53660. London. 12 October 1950. col G, p. 6.
  11. ^ "Troopships and the Remiment". www.queensroyalsurreys.org.uk. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011.
  12. ^ "TGOL - Franconia". www.thegreatoceanliners.com. Archived from the original on 8 February 2012.
  13. ^ "Tugs Removing Cargo From Franconia – Insurance Rate Increase". News. The Times. No. 51744. London. 15 July 1950. col G, p. 6.
  14. ^ "Franconia Back In Service". News. The Times. No. 51792. London. 9 September 1950. col D, p. 6.

External links[edit]

Media related to Franconia (ship, 1922) at Wikimedia Commons