RPG-6

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RPG-6 (РПГ-6)
TypeAnti-tank grenade[1]
Place of originSoviet Union
Service history
In serviceOctober 1943 –
Used bySoviet Union and Warsaw pact countries
WarsWorld War II
Production history
DesignerM. Z. Polevikov[1]
L. B. Ioffe[1]
N. S. Zhitkikh[1]
Designed1943[1]
Specifications
Mass1.13 kg[1]
Length337 mm
Diameter103 mm

FillingTNT shaped charge
Filling weight0.6 kg[1]
Detonation
mechanism
Impact fuze[1]

The RPG-6 (Russian >Ruchnaya Protivotankovaya Granata, "Handheld Anti-Tank Grenade") was a Soviet-era anti-tank hand-grenade used during the late World War II and early Cold War period.

History[edit]

The RPG-6 was designed as a replacement for the RPG-43 after the Battle of Kursk[1].

It underwent testing in September 1943, and was accepted into service in October 1943[1]. First RPG-6 grenades were used against Nazi troops in last week of October 1943[2].

The weapon was a success and went into mass production in late 1943. During the war, RPG-6 grenades being used alongside the RPG-43[1].

In USSR, some grenades were kept in storage even after the end of the World War II[1].

Design[edit]

It operated on the "Munroe effect" principle, in which a metal-lined cone-shaped explosive charge would generate a focused jet of hot metal that could penetrate armor-plate[1].

It was a conical casing enclosing a shaped charge and containing 562 grams of TNT, fitted with a percussion fuse and four cloth ribbons to provide stability in flight after throwing. It could penetrate approximately 100 millimeters of armour. The RPG-6 had a fragmentation radius of 20 metres from the point of detonation, and proved useful against infantry as well as tanks.

The RPG-43 had a large warhead, but was designed to detonate in contact with a tank's armour; it was later found that optimal performance was gained from a HEAT warhead if it exploded a short distance from the armour, roughly the same distance as the weapon's diameter. In the RPG-6 this was achieved by adding a hollow pointed nose section with the impact fuse in it, so that when the weapon detonated the warhead was at the optimum distance from the armour.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Семен Федосеев. Против танка // журнал "Оружие", № 2, 2000. стр.59-63
  2. ^ Оружие Победы / колл. авт., отв. ред. В. Н. Новиков. 2-е изд., пер. и доп. М., "Машиностроение", 1987. стр.427