AeroVironment RQ-11 Raven: Difference between revisions

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Revision as of 19:57, 24 March 2010

RQ-11 Raven UAV
Raven UAV.jpg
Army Cpl. Jerry Rogers assembles an RQ-11 Raven unmanned aerial vehicle
Role Remote controlled UAV[1]
Manufacturer AeroVironment
First flight October 2001
Introduction May 2003
Status In use on combat field
Primary users United States Army
United States Air Force
Produced 2004-present
Number built 13,000+ airframes
Developed from FQM-151 Pointer UAV

The AeroVironment RQ-11 Raven is a remote-controlled miniature unmanned aerial vehicle (or MUAV) used by the U.S. military and its allies. This vehicle was originally introduced as the FQM-151 in 1999, but in 2002 developed in the RQ-11.[2] The craft is launched by hand and powered by an electric motor. The plane can fly up to 6.2 miles (10 km) up to altitudes of 1,000 feet (305 m) above ground level (AGL), and 15,000 feet mean sea level (MSL), at flying speed of 28-60 mph (45–97 km/h)[3].

Design and development

The Raven RQ-11B UAV system is manufactured by AeroVironment. It was the winner of the US Army's SUAV program in 2005, and went into Full-Rate Production (FRP) in 2006. Shortly afterwards, it was also adopted by USSOCOM, the US Marines, and the US Air Force for their ongoing FPASS Program. It has also been adopted by the military forces of many other countries (see below). More than 13,000 Raven airframes have been delivered to customers worldwide to date. A new Digital Data Link-enabled version of Raven now in production for US Forces has improved endurance, among many other improvements.

The Raven can be either remotely controlled from the ground station or fly completely autonomous missions using GPS waypoint navigation. The UAV can be ordered to immediately return to its launch point simply by pressing a single command button[1]. Standard mission payloads include charge-coupled device color video cameras and an infrared night vision camera.

A single Raven costs about $35,000 and the total system costs $250,000.[1] The RQ-11B Raven UAV weighs about 1.9 kg (4.2 lb), has a flight endurance of 90-110 minutes and an effective operational radius of approximately 10 km (6.2 miles)[4].

The RQ-11B Raven UAV is launched by hand, thrown into the air like a model airplane. The Raven lands itself by auto-piloting to a pre-defined landing point and then performing a near-vertical "Autoland" descent. The UAV can provide day or night aerial intelligence, surveillance, target acquisition, and reconnaissance.

Variants

  • RQ-11A Raven A (no longer in production)
  • RQ-11B Raven B

Operators

A soldier prepares to launch the Raven in an Iraq's ass
The Raven is launched.

The Raven is used by the United States Army, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Special Operations Command. Additionally, US allies such as Australia, Italy, Denmark, Spain and Czech Republic have also begun acquiring it, with more countries expected over the next few years. As of early 2008, over 8,000 airframes have already been shipped, making it the most prolific UAV system in the world today.[citation needed]

The British forces in Iraq are using U.S. Raven equipment and personnel on loan.[5][dead link]

The Royal Danish Army acquired 12 Raven systems in September 2007 - three systems will be delivered to the Huntsmen Corps, while the remainder will be deployed with soldiers from the Artillery Training Center.[6][dead link]

The Netherlands MoD has acquired 72 operational RQ-11B systems with a total value of $23.74 million for use within Army reconnaissance units, its Marine Corps and its Special Forces (KCT).[7] At the turn of the year 2009 to 2010 the systems were deployed above the village Veen, as part of the Intesivation of Civil-Military Cooperation[8]

List of current operators:

 Australia
 Czech Republic[9]
 Denmark
 Spain
 Italy
 Lebanon 12 systems [10][11][12][13]
 Netherlands
 United Kingdom
 United States

Specifications

  • Wing Span 4 ft 3 in (130 cm)
  • Length 3 ft 7 in (109 cm)
  • Weight 4.2 lb (1.9 kg)
  • Engine Aveox 27/26/7-AV electric motor
  • Cruising speed 60 mph (97 km/h)
  • Range 6.2 miles (10 km)
  • Endurance approx. 80 min

See also

Related lists

Notes

  1. ^ a b c "RQ-11 Raven". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 2009-01-09. 
  2. ^ Cpl Ryan L Tomlinson, US Marine Core, 2nd Light Armored Reconnaissance Bn "Gunfighter debuts Raven" 2008-05-14. retrieved from <http://www.iimefpublic.usmc.mil/public/infolineMarines.nsf/ArticlesListingReadCurrent/D760F58FD21A09A1852574440048F21E> on 2010-02-23.
  3. ^ "RQ-11 Raven". Army-technology.com. Retrieved 2009-10-09. 
  4. ^ "RQ-11 Raven datasheet" (PDF). AeroVironment. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  5. ^ "Raven keeps a lookout over Iraq - MOD". Ministry of Defence - UK. Retrieved 2009-01-09. 
  6. ^ "Press release" (in Danish). forsvaret.dk. Retrieved 2009-01-09. 
  7. ^ "Netherlands Ministry of Defence: Raven Small UAS ready for use". Defensie.nl. Retrieved 2009-09-01.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  8. ^ "Vliegende nachtkijkers ingezet tijdens jaarwisseling". Defensie.nl. Retrieved 2010-01-04.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  9. ^ "Czech military to buy two MUAVs for Afghanistan". ČTK (Czech Press Agency, www.ctk.cz). October 2, 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-02. 
  10. ^ "Lebanon to receive US-built UAV's". defence.professionals (defpro). April 16, 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-16. 
  11. ^ "Heavy U.S. Military Aid to Lebanon Arrives ahead of Elections". Naharnet Newsdesk. April 09, 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-09.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  12. ^ "Lebanon gets Raven mini UAV from U.S.". United Press International. March 23, 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-24. 
  13. ^ US delivers military vehicles to Lebanese Army. Daily Star, March 24, 2009.

References

External links