RRS Sir David Attenborough

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RRS Sir David Attenborough at Liverpool Cruise Terminal 4.jpg
RRS Sir David Attenborough berthed in Liverpool, England
History
Flag of the Falkland Islands.svgFalkland Islands
NameRRS Sir David Attenborough
NamesakeSir David Attenborough
OwnerNERC Research Ship Unit
OperatorBritish Antarctic Survey
Port of registryStanley, Falkland Islands
BuilderCammell Laird
CostGB£200 million (2014)
Yard number1390
Laid down17 October 2016
Launched14 July 2018
Sponsored byCatherine, Duchess of Cambridge
Christened26 September 2016
Completed2 December 2020[2]
Identification
StatusIn service
General characteristics [3]
Tonnage
Length128.9 m (423 ft)
Beam24 m (79 ft)
Draught7 m (23 ft)
Depth11 m (36 ft)
Ice class
Installed power
  • 2 × Bergen B33:45L6A (2 × 3,600 kW)
  • 2 × Bergen B33:45L9A (2 × 5,400 kW)
Propulsion
Speed
  • 17.5 knots (32.4 km/h; 20.1 mph) (maximum)
  • 13 knots (24 km/h; 15 mph) (cruising)
  • 3 knots (5.6 km/h; 3.5 mph) in 1 m (3 ft) ice
Range19,000 nautical miles (35,000 km; 22,000 mi) at 13 knots
Endurance60 days[4]
Crew
  • 28 crew
  • 60 scientists
  • 2 spare berths
Aircraft carried2 helicopters

RRS Sir David Attenborough is a research vessel owned by the Natural Environment Research Council and operated by the British Antarctic Survey for the purposes of both research and logistic support.[6] The ship replaces a pair of existing vessels, RRS James Clark Ross and RRS Ernest Shackleton.[7] The vessel is named after broadcaster and naturalist Sir David Attenborough.

Background[edit]

In 2014, the UK Government announced funding for the construction of a new polar research vessel for the British Antarctic Survey (BAS) to replace a pair of existing ships.[6] This new ship was intended not only to be fully equipped with the latest instrumentation for the purposes of carrying out research in polar regions, for which it would have an improved icebreaking capability and greater endurance over the existing polar research vessel, but also to serve as a logistic support vessel for BAS teams in inshore locations.[6]

BAS contracted Houlder Ltd to undertake the basic design in which suggestions for the final configuration of the new ship were taken. Following the consultation period, in 2015, Rolls-Royce Holdings was selected to execute the detailed design and Cammell Laird in Birkenhead was selected as the preferred bidder to construct the ship.[8] The ship cost £200m.[9]

General characteristics[edit]

The ship is about 125 metres (410 ft) long, with a beam of about 24 metres (79 ft). The draught is about 7 metres (23 ft) with a planned cruising speed of 13 knots (24 km/h; 15 mph) with a range of 19,000 nautical miles (35,000 km; 22,000 mi) at that speed. She is capable of carrying two helicopters[10] and has a capacity for approximately 900 cubic metres (32,000 cu ft) of cargo. Accommodation is provided for 30 crew and 60 research staff.[6]

Sir David Attenborough has a twin-shaft hybrid diesel-electric propulsion system. The vessel's power plant consists of two 3,600 kW (4,800 hp) 6-cylinder Bergen B33:45L6A and two 5,400 kW (7,200 hp) 9-cylinder Bergen B33:45L9A main diesel generators, a Cummins KTA38-DM1 885 kW (1,187 hp) harbour generator,[11] and two 2,500 kW (3,400 hp) battery systems each of 500 kWh (1,800 MJ) capacity.[4] The power plant, which can run with different configurations depending on the mission and operating conditions, produces electricity to power four 2,750 kW (3,690 hp) asynchronous electric motors driving two 5-bladed controllable pitch propellers. This gives Sir David Attenborough a maximum speed of 17.5 knots (32.4 km/h; 20.1 mph) in open water and ability to break up to 1-metre (3.3 ft) thick level ice at a speed of 3 knots (5.6 km/h; 3.5 mph).[6] At an economical cruising speed of 13 knots (24 km/h; 15 mph), she has an operating range of 19,000 nautical miles (35,000 km; 22,000 mi). For manoeuvring and dynamic positioning, the vessel has four 1,580 kW (2,120 hp) Tees White Gill thrusters with Teignbridge Propellers 60 inch 4 blade Rotor’s, two in the bow and two in the stern.[4]

The vessel has been strengthened according to the International Association of Classification Societies (IACS) Unified Requirements for Polar Class Ships. Her ice class, Polar Class 4, is intended for year-round operation in thick first-year ice which may include old ice inclusions. However, her propulsion system is only rated for Polar Class 5 which is intended for medium first-year ice.[4][12]

Construction[edit]

The hull of RRS Sir David Attenborough just before her launch

The first steel for the construction of the ship was cut in July 2016. The keel-laying ceremony for the ship, yard number 1390, took place on 17 October 2016.[13]

The ship was constructed by combining individually fabricated blocks, much like the Queen Elizabeth-class aircraft carriers. The majority of the blocks were manufactured by Cammell Laird at Birkenhead, but due to a tight schedule, the stern of the ship (named 'Block 10') was fabricated by the A&P Group at Hebburn on the River Tyne. The section was transported to Merseyside on a barge in August 2017. The stern section was loaded onto the barge by heavy lifting company ALE, using self-propelled modular trailers (SPMT). The same procedure in reverse was then used to get the hull segment on to the slipway at Birkenhead.[14] The hull of Sir David Attenborough was named by her namesake and launched on 14 July 2018. She was moved into a wet dock for the addition of her superstructure and fitting out.[15] The ship was originally scheduled to be completed by October 2018.[16][17] The official naming ceremony took place on 26 September 2019. A bottle of champagne was smashed across the ship's bow by Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge at Cammell Laird's shipyard in Birkenhead. Sir David Attenborough was present at the ceremony.[18] Poet Laureate Simon Armitage wrote a poem "Ark" to celebrate the naming ceremony.[19][20] Attenborough was also present at commissioning, stating "This astonishing ship... will find the science with which to deal with the problems that are facing the world today and will increasingly do so tomorrow."[11]

Service[edit]

RSS Sir David Attenborough with the City of London in the background
RRS Sir David Attenborough in Greenwich, London, in October 2021

Sir David Attenborough was originally planned to enter service in late 2020, but in January 2020 Sky News reported that her delivery was at risk of delay, and that BAS planned to keep James Clark Ross in service for another year past her intended retirement.[21] In August, Sir David Attenborough made a brief trip to the Liverpool Cruise Terminal before returning to Cammell Laird for final fitting out ahead of sea trials scheduled for late in the year.[22] Sir David Attenborough began her sea trials on 21 October 2020.[9] On 5 March 2021, an accident during a launching drill of a lifeboat resulted in injuries to a crew member.[23] She officially made her maiden voyage to Antarctica on 16 November 2021, from Harwich[24] and arrived at the Rothera Research Station on 17 December 2021 for the first time.[25]

In February 2022, RRS Sir David Attenborough encountered second-year ice with thick snow layer on top that she could not overcome on her own while the vessel was attempting to reach Stange Sound in the English Coast in Antarctica. The vessel then collaborated with the French icebreaking cruise ship operated by Compagnie du Ponant, Le Commandant Charcot, which opened a channel for the research vessel. However, as the ice conditions became even more unfavorable, RRS Sir David Attenborough had to give up the original plan and seek another drop-off point to deliver scientific cargo to support the International Thwaites Glacier Collaboration.[26]

Naming poll[edit]

NERC Name Our Ship campaign, 2016
March–April 2016

LocationOnline, predominantly United Kingdom
Websitenameourship.nerc.ac.uk
Results
Boaty McBoatface
33.16%
Poppy-Mai
10.66%
Henry Worsley
4.21%
David Attenborough
2.95%
It's Bloody Cold Here
2.85%
Shows top five suggestions[27] out of 7,034

In March 2016, the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) announced that members of the public were being asked to suggest names for the ship. Names previously used would not be eligible, but otherwise it was open to suggestions.[28] The NERC stated that they would have the final say, and that the most popular name in the poll would not necessarily be the one used.[29]

Former BBC Radio Jersey presenter James Hand jokingly suggested RRS "Boaty McBoatface". This quickly became the most popular choice and was the runaway winner when the poll closed, with 124,109 votes.[27] The name has been described as a homage to "Hooty McOwlface", an owl named through an "Adopt-A-Bird" programme in 2012 that became popular on the internet.[30][31]

On 6 May 2016, British science minister Jo Johnson announced that the choice had been made to name the ship after naturalist Sir David Attenborough, but that Boaty McBoatface would be the name of one of David Attenborough's remotely controlled submersibles.[32][33]

A petition calling for Sir David Attenborough to change his name to Sir Boaty McBoatface "in the interest of democracy and humour" soon received over 3,800 signatures.[34]

In response to the poll, the Science and Technology Committee, a select committee of the House of Lords, announced that they were to review the process by which the ship was named. NERC chief executive Professor Duncan Wingham and NERC head of communications Julia Maddock faced the committee on 10 May. Professor James Wilsdon, an outreach director at Sheffield University, told MPs that he voted for Boaty McBoatface. Despite the controversy, NERC directors felt that their poll was a successful initiative in that it generated a lot of publicity regarding their organisation and research mission among the lay public.[35]

Other leading choices in the poll were Poppy-Mai, in honour of a toddler with incurable cancer,[36] and Henry Worsley, for a British army officer who died in 2016 while attempting to complete the first solo and unaided crossing of the Antarctic.

Spanish internet trolls from the forum ForoCoches promoted the choice Blas de Lezo, a Spanish admiral who gave a humiliating defeat to the British Royal Navy in 1741 in the War of Jenkins' Ear. The organisers removed the option, which gathered more than 38,000 votes.[37]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sir David Attenborough (9798222)". Equasis. French Ministry for Transport. Retrieved 2 May 2022.
  2. ^ "British Antarctic Survey takes delivery of RRS Sir David Attenborough". British Antarctic Survey. 2 December 2020. Retrieved 2 May 2022.
  3. ^ Planet ice and the dual-functional Attenborough. The Naval Architect, January 2017. Pages 37–38.
  4. ^ a b c d e Polar Research Vessel. Cammell Laird Shipyard. Retrieved 2017-10-15.
  5. ^ RRS Sir David Attenborough, Technical Features. British Antarctic Survey.
  6. ^ a b c d e "The next generation of polar research vessel". British Antarctic Survey. Archived from the original on 9 May 2016. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
  7. ^ Amos, Jonathon (14 July 2018). "Sir David Attenborough polar ship set for launch". BBC News. Retrieved 14 July 2018.
  8. ^ "Merseyside beats global competition to build £200 million polar research ship". UK Government. 12 October 2015. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
  9. ^ a b "Britain's new polar ship, the Sir David Attenborough, set for sea trials". Reuters. Retrieved 21 October 2020.
  10. ^ "Operational facilities - RRS Sir David Attenborough".
  11. ^ a b "RRS Sir David Attenborough".
  12. ^ Unified Requirements for Polar Class ships Archived 20 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine. International Association of Classification Societies (IACS), April 2016. Retrieved 2017-03-11.
  13. ^ Amos, Jonathan (17 October 2016). "Ceremony to mark start of Attenborough polar ship construction". BBC News. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
  14. ^ Amos, Jonathan (21 August 2017). "RRS Sir David Attenborough's stern on the move". BBC News. Retrieved 22 August 2017.
  15. ^ Houghton, Alastair. "Live: Launch of major new ship the Sir David Attenborough at Cammell Laird". Liverpool Echo. Reach PLC. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  16. ^ British Antarctic Survey (4 January 2018), British Antarctic Survey, retrieved 24 January 2018
  17. ^ "The RRS Sir David Attenborough: Polar preparations progress". United Kingdom. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  18. ^ Amos, Jonathan (26 September 2019). "Champagne smash for Sir David Attenborough polar ship". Birkenhead: BBC News Online. Retrieved 27 September 2019.
  19. ^ "Ship is named with royal ceremony". British Antarctic Survey. 26 September 2019. Retrieved 27 September 2019.
  20. ^ Armitage, Simon. "Ark" (PDF). Simon Armitage. Retrieved 27 September 2019.
  21. ^ "Sir David Attenborough research ship facing launch delay". Sky News. 12 January 2020. Retrieved 25 April 2022.
  22. ^ "RRS David Attenborough crosses the Mersey ahead of departure for Antarctic". Liverpool Echo. Reach plc. 5 August 2020. Retrieved 25 April 2022.
  23. ^ "Current investigations". Marine Accident Investigation Branch. Archived from the original on 15 March 2021. Retrieved 25 April 2022.
  24. ^ "RRS Sir David Attenborough makes maiden voyage to Antarctica". British Antarctic Survey. 16 November 2021. Retrieved 25 April 2022.
  25. ^ "RRS Sir David Attenborough arrives in Antarctica for the first time". British Antarctic Survey. 17 December 2021. Retrieved 25 April 2022.
  26. ^ "RRS Sir David Attenborough collaborates with cruise ship". British Antarctic Survey. 11 February 2022. Retrieved 25 April 2022.
  27. ^ a b "'Boaty McBoatface' tops public vote as name of polar ship". BBC News. 17 April 2016. Retrieved 23 July 2017.
  28. ^ Amos, Jonathan (17 March 2016). "Name sought for new UK polar ship". BBC News. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
  29. ^ "Boaty McBoatface instigator 'sorry' for ship name suggestion". BBC News. 21 March 2016. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
  30. ^ Tom Whipple (16 April 2016). "Boaty McBoatface tops poll but will vote be scuppered?". The Times. Retrieved 11 April 2018. Yet the runaway winner was RSS Boaty McBoatface, itself an homage to the owl that was named Hooty McOwlface after a similar exercise.
  31. ^ James, Hunt (24 March 2016). "7 Times the Public Shouldn't Have Chosen a Name". Mental Floss. Archived from the original on 25 March 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2021.
  32. ^ "£200m polar research ship named in honour of Sir David Attenborough". NERC. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
  33. ^ Knapton, Sarah (6 May 2016). "'BoatyMcBoatface' to live on as yellow submarine, science minister Jo Johnson announces". The Telegraph. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  34. ^ "Petition for David Attenborough to be renamed 'Boaty McBoatface'". ITV News. 8 May 2016. Retrieved 10 May 2016. The author, Mr Jackson, wrote: ... "Wouldn’t it be great if Sir David changed his name to Sir Boaty McBoatface in the interest of democracy and humour?".
  35. ^ Bloom, Dan (10 May 2016). "'I voted for Boaty McBoatface' Top scientist stuns MPs with surprise confession". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  36. ^ Graham, Chris (4 May 2016). "Poppy-Mai Barnard, whose name came second behind Boaty McBoatface in competition, dies after cancer battle". The Telegraph. Retrieved 27 September 2019.
  37. ^ Cereceda, Rafael (31 March 2016). "How Spanish trolls tried to sink a British boat competition". Euronews. Retrieved 22 April 2018.

External links[edit]