IBM RISC System/6000

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The RISC System/6000 (RS/6000), is a family of RISC-based UNIX servers, workstations and supercomputers made by IBM in the 1990s. The RS/6000 family replaced the IBM RT PC computer platform in February 1990 and was the first computer line to see the use of IBM's POWER and PowerPC based microprocessors. RS/6000 was renamed eServer pSeries in October 2000.

History[edit]

AIX RS/6000 servers running ibm.com in early 1998

The first RS/6000 models used the Micro Channel bus, later models used PCI. Some later models conformed to the PReP and CHRP standard platforms, which were co-developed with Apple and Motorola, with Open Firmware. The plan was to enable the RS/6000 to run multiple operating systems such as Windows NT, NetWare, OS/2, Solaris, Taligent, AIX and Mac OS but in the end only IBM's UNIX variant AIX was used and supported on RS/6000. Linux is widely used on CHRP based RS/6000s, but support was added after the RS/6000 name was changed to eServer pSeries in 2000.

The RS/6000 family also included the POWERserver servers, POWERstation workstations and Scalable POWERparallel supercomputer. While most machines were desktops, desksides, or rack-mounted, there was a laptop model too, the Model 860. Famous computers are RS/6000s include the P2SC-based Deep Blue supercomputer that beat world champion Garry Kasparov at chess in 1997, and the POWER3-based ASCI White which was the fastest supercomputer in the world during 2000–2002.

Models[edit]

Some models were marketed under the RS/6000 POWERstation and POWERserver names.

Type 7006[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced[1] Discontinued[1]
Model 41T PowerPC 601 80 0 or 512 KB 16 to 256 MB Desktop 1994-06-03[2] 1997-01-10[2][dead link]
Model 41W 1997-07-18[2][dead link]
Model 42T PowerPC 604 120 0 or 512 KB Up to 256 MB Desktop 1995-06-19[2][dead link] 1997-09-24[2][dead link]
Model 42W

Type 7007[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model N40 PowerPC 601 50 ? 16 to 64 MB[3] Notebook 1994-03-08 1997-06-30

The Model N40 was PowerPC-based notebook developed and manufactured by Tadpole Technology for IBM. It became available on 25 March 1994, priced at US$12,000. The internal batteries could power the system for 45 minutes only and an external battery pack was available for this reason.

Type 7008[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model M20 POWER1 33 None 16 to 64 MB All-in-one 1993-02-02 1995-01-06
Model M2A[4] POWER1 33 None 16 to 64 MB All-in-one 1993-02-02 1994-10-26

These workstations were marketed under the PowerStation name.

Type 7009[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model C10 PowerPC 601 80 0 or 1 MB 16 to 256 MB Desktop 1994-05-24 1997-07-18
Model C1L ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model C20 PowerPC 604 120 1 MB 16 to 256 MB Desktop 1995-06-19 1998-01-30

Type 7010[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model 160 PowerPC 603 66 ? 8 MB Xstation ? ?

This type was for Xstations, IBM's line of X terminal.

Type 7011[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced[1] Discontinued[1]
Model 220 RSC 33 None ? Slimline Desktop 1992-01-21 1995-01-06
Model 22G ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 22W POWER1 33 None Up to 64 MB ? 1993-09-21 1996-10-25
Model 223 ? ? ? Up to 64 MB ? ? ?
Model 230 RSC 45 128 KB ? Slimline Desktop 1993-05-18 1995-01-06
Model 23E ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 23S POWER1 45 None ? ? 1993-05-18 1994-10-26
Model 23T POWER1 45 None Up to 64 MB ? 1993-05-18 1994-10-26
Model 23W POWER1 45 None Up to 64 MB ? 1993-05-18 1994-10-26
Model 250 PowerPC 601 66/80 [5] None 16 to 256 MB Slimline Desktop 1993-09-21 1997-07-18
Model 25E PowerPC 601 66 ? 16 to 256 MB Planar upgrade (for 220 and 230 families) ? ?
Model 25F PowerPC 601 80[6] ? 16 to 256 MB Planar upgrade (for 220, 230, and 66 MHz 250 families) ? ?
Model 25S PowerPC 601 66/80 ? Up to 256 MB ? 1993-09-21 1996-10-25
Model 25T PowerPC 601 66/80 ? Up to 256 MB ? 1993-09-21 1997-07-18
Model 25W PowerPC 601 66/80 ? Up to 256 MB ? 1993-09-21 1996-10-25

Type 7012[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced[1] Discontinued[1]
Model 320 POWER1 20 None 8 to 32 MB Desktop 1990-02-15 1992-10-28
Model 32E ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 32T POWER1 20 None 8 to 64 MB Tower ? 1992-10-28
Model 32H POWER1 25 None Up to 128 MB Desktop 1991-03-12 1994-10-26
Model 340 POWER1 33 None Up to 256 MB Desktop 1992-01-21 1994-11-04
Model 34H POWER1 41.6 None Up to 256 MB Desktop 1993-07-13 1994-10-26
Model 34L ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 34R ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 350 POWER1 41 None Up to 128 MB Desktop 1992-01-21 1993-08-18
Model 355 POWER1 41 None ? ? 1993-02-02 1994-10-26
Model 35R ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 360 POWER1+ 50 None Up to 256 MB Desktop 1993-02-02 1994-11-04
Model 365 POWER1+ 50 None Up to 128 MB Desktop 1993-02-02 1994-10-26
Model 36T POWER1+ 50 None Up to 256 MB ? 1993-05-18 1994-10-26
Model 370 POWER1++ 62.5 None Up to 256 MB ? 1993-02-02 1996-05-20
Model 375 POWER1++ 62.5 None Up to 128 MB ? 1993-02-02 1994-10-26
Model 37T POWER1++ 62.5 None Up to 256 MB ? 1993-05-18 1996-05-20
Model 380 POWER2+ 59 None/0.5 MB/1 MB 32 to 512 MB Desktop 1994-05-24 1996-05-20
Model 390 POWER2+ 67 1 MB 32 to 512 MB Desktop 1994-05-24 1997-07-18
Model 397 P2SC 160 ? 128 to 1024 MB Desktop 1997-10-06 1999-03-19
Model 39H POWER2 67 None/1 MB/2 MB[7] 64 to 512 MB Desktop 1995-02-07 1998-01-30
Model 39T ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model G02 ? ? ? ? Tower ? ?
Model G30 PowerPC 601 (2 or 4) 75 ? 32 to 512 MB Tower[6] 1994-10-04 1996-10-23
Model G40 PowerPC 604 (2 or 4) 112 ? 64 MB to 1 GB Tower 1996-07-23 1998-01-08

The 380, 390, and 39H servers correspond to the 3AT, 3BT, and 3CT workstations.

Type 7013[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced[1] Discontinued[1]
Model 520 POWER1 20 None 8 to 128 MB Deskside 1990-02-15 1992-04-21
Model 52E ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 52H POWER1 25 None Up to 512 MB Deskside 1992-01-21 1995-01-06
Model 530 POWER1 25 None 16 to 128 MB Deskside 1990-02-15 1992-01-02
Model 53H POWER1 33 None 32 to 512 MB HD3 (33 MHz) Deskside 1991-10-02 1993-08-18
Model 53E POWER1 [8] 33 None 32 to 512 MB HD3 (33 MHz) Deskside 1992-01-21 ?
Model 540 POWER1 30 None 64 to 256 MB Deskside 1990-02-15 1992-01-02
Model 550 POWER1 41.6 None 64 MB to 1 GB Deskside 1990-10-30 1993-08-18
Model 55E ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 55L POWER1 41.6 None Up to 256 MB Deskside 1993-05-18 1994-10-26
Model 55S ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 560 POWER1+ 50 None Up to 1 GB Deskside 1992-01-21 1993-12-21
Model 56F ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 570 POWER1+ 50 None Up to 1 GB Deskside 1993-02-02 1996-05-20
Model 571 ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 57F ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 57L ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 580 POWER1++ 62.5 None 64 MB to 1 GB Deskside 1992-09-22 1996-05-20
Model 58F POWER1++ [9] 62.5 None 64 MB to 1 GB Deskside 1992-11-27 ?
Model 58H POWER2 55.6 None 64 MB to 2 GB Deskside 1993-09-21 1996-10-25
Model 590 POWER2 66.7 None 64 MB to 2 GB Deskside 1993-09-21 1997-09-24
Model 591 POWER2 77 None 64 MB to 2 GB Deskside 1995-07-25 1997-07-18
Model 595 P2SC 135 None 64 MB to 2 GB Deskside 1996-10-08 1999-01-08
Model 59H POWER2+ 66.7 1 MB 64 MB to 2 GB Deskside 1994-05-24 1997-01-10
Model J01 ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model J30 PowerPC 601 (2 or 4) 75 ? 128 MB to 2 GB Deskside 1994-10-04 1996-10-23
Model J40 PowerPC 604 (2 to 8) 112 1 MB 128 MB to 2 GB Deskside 1996-08-30 1998-01-08
Model J50 PowerPC 604e (2 to 8) 200 ? ? Deskside 1997-04-30 1999-01-08

Type 7015[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced[1] Discontinued[1]
Model 920 ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 930 POWER1 25 None 16 to 128 MB Rack 1990-02-15 1992-07-15
Model 950 POWER1 41 ? Up to 512 MB Rack 1991-05-07 1993-12-21
Model 95E ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 960 ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 970 POWER1+ 50 ? Up to 1 GB Rack 1992-04-21 1993-08-18
Model 97B POWER1+ 50 ? ? Rack 1993-02-02 1995-01-06
Model 97E ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 97F ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 980 POWER1++ 62.5 None Up to 1 GB Rack 1992-09-22 1993-08-18
Model 98B POWER1++ 62.5 ? ? Rack 1993-02-02 1996-05-20
Model 98E ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 98F ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 990 POWER2 71.5 None 128 MB to 2 GB Rack 1993-09-21 1996-05-20
Model 99E ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 99F ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 99J ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 99K ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model R10 POWER1+ 50 None 128 MB to 1 GB 6U Rackmount 1994-05-24 1996-05-20
Model R20 POWER2+ 66 1 MB 128 MB to 2 GB 6U Rackmount 1994-05-24 1998-01-30
Model R21 POWER2 77 ? ? 6U Rackmount 1995-07-25 1996-10-25
Model R24 POWER2+ 71.5 2 MB 128 MB to 2 GB 10U Rackmount 1994-05-24 1998-01-30
Model R30 PowerPC 601 (2 or 4) 75 ? 128 MB to 2 GB 6U Rackmount 1994-10-04 1996-10-23
Model R40 PowerPC 604 (2 to 8) 112 ? 128 MB to 2 GB 6U Rackmount 1996-07-23 1998-01-08
Model R4U ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model R50 PowerPC 604e (2 to 8) 200 ? Up to 4 GB 6U Rackmount 1997-04-15 2000-08-15
Model R5U ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Type 7016[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model 730 POWER1 25 None 16 to 128 MB Deskside ? ?
Model 731 ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Type 7017[edit]

Model CPU # of CPUs MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
S70 RS64 4, 8 or 12 125 ? ? 2+ racks 1997-10-31 1999-12-13
RS64-II 262 ? ? 1998-10-05
S7A RS64-II 4 to 12 262 8 MB 1 to 32 GB 2+ racks 1998-10-23 2000-12-01
S80 RS64-III[10] 6 to 24 450[10] 8 MB[10] 2 to 64 GB[10] 2+ rack(s)[10] 1999-09-24 2001-08-31
S85 ? ? ? ? ? Rack? ? ?

Type 7020[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model 0U0 PowerPC 601 66 ? ? Desktop 1994-10-04 1996-01-19
Model 40P PowerPC 601 66 ? 16 to 192 MB Desktop ? ?
Model B1B PowerPC 601 66 ? ? Desktop 1994-10-04 1996-01-19
Model B1C PowerPC 601 66 ? ? Desktop 1994-10-04 1996-01-19
Model D1D PowerPC 601 66 ? ? Desktop 1994-10-04 1996-01-19
Model D2D PowerPC 601 66 ? ? Desktop 1994-10-04 1996-01-19
Model D4E ? ? ? ? Desktop 1995-02-07 1996-01-19
Model SPE PowerPC 601 66 ? ? Desktop 1994-10-04 1996-01-19

Type 7024[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model E20 PowerPC 604 100/133 512 KB 16 to 512 MB Tower 1995-10-10 1997-07-18
PowerPC 604e 233 1997-04-?? ?
Model E30 PowerPC 604 133/166 ? 64 to 1024 MB Tower 1996-04-23 1999-03-19
PowerPC 604e 233 1997-04-?? 1999-03-19

Type 7025[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model F30 PowerPC 604 133/166 ? Up to 1 GB Tower 1996-02-20 1998-01-08
Model F40 PowerPC 604e (1 or 2) 166/233 ? Up to 1 GB Tower 1996-10-08 2000-05-08
Model F50 PowerPC 604e (1 to 4) 332 256 KB 128 MB to 3 GB Tower 1997-04-25[11] 2001-07-17[11]
Model F80[12] RS64-III (1 to 6) 450/500 2/4 MB (SMP) 8/16 GB (SMP) Deskside[12] 2000-05-09 2001-07-13
Model F85 ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Type 7026[edit]

An H70 Enterprise Server rack, 2001
Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model H10 PowerPC 604e (1 or 2) 166/233 ? Up to 1 GB 7U Rackmount 1997-02-14 1998-02-27
Model H50 PowerPC 604e (1 to 4) 332 ? Up to 3 GB 8U Rackmount 1998-02-20 2000-12-01
Model H70 RS64-II (1 to 4) 340 ? Up to 8 GB 8U Rackmount 1999-04-23 2001-07-17
Model H80 RS64-III/IV (1 to 6) 450/500 ? Up to 16 GB 5U Rackmount 2000-06-09 2001-07-13
Model M80 RS64-III/IV (2 to 8) 500/750 ? ? 8U Rackmount 2000-06-09 2002-01-31
Model B80 ? ? ? ? 5U Rackmount ? ?

Type 7028[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model 6C1 ? ? ? ? 5U Rackmount ? ?
Model 6E1 Tower ?
Model 6C3 ? ? ? ? 5U Rackmount ? ?
Model 6E3 Tower ?
Model 6C4 ? ? ? ? 5U Rackmount ? ?
Model 6E4 Tower ?

Type 7030[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model 355 POWER1 41 ? ? ? ? ?
Model 375 POWER1++ 62.5 ? ? ? ? ?
Model 37T ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 397 P2SC 160 ? ? Desktop 1997-10-06 1999-01-19
Model 3AT POWER2+ 59 None 32 to 512 MB Desktop 1994-05-24 1997-01-10
Model 3BT POWER2+ 67 0.5 or 1 MB 32 to 512 MB Desktop 1994-05-24 1998-01-08
Model 3CT POWER2 67 None/1 MB/2 MB[13] 64 to 512 MB Desktop 1995-02-07 1998-01-08

Type 7043[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model 43P-140 PowerPC 604e 166/200/233/332 1 MB 32 to 768 MB Desktop 1996-10-08 2000-12-01
Model 43P-150 PowerPC 604e 250/375 1 MB 64 MB to 1 GB Desktop 1998-10-05 2003-12-12
Model 43P-240 PowerPC 604e (1 or 2) 166/233 512 KB/1 MB per CPU[14] 64 MB to 1 GB Desktop 1996-10-08 1999-03-19
Model 43P-260 POWER3 (1 or 2) 200 4 MB per CPU 128 MB to 4 GB Tower 1998-10-05 2000-12-01
Model 43P-270[15][16] POWER3-II (up to 4) 200/375/450 4 MB or 8 MB per CPU up to 8 GB Tower 2000-02-25 2003-09-12

Type 7044 (44P)[edit]

RS/6000 pSeries 7044-170 system
Dual 375 MHz IBM POWER3-II processors on the CPU module of a RS/6000 44P 270
Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model 44P-170 POWER3-II 333/400/450 1/4/8 MB 256 MB to 2 GB Tower 2000-02-07 2003-12-12
Model 44P-270[17] POWER3-II (Up to 4) 375/450 4/8 MB 256 MB to 16 GB Tower 2000-02-07 2003-09-12

Type 7046[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model B50 PowerPC 604e 375 1 MB Up to 1 GB 2U Rackmount 1999-09-13 2003-09-12

Type 7248[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model 43P PowerPC 604 100/120/132/166[18] 256 or 512 KB 16 to 192 MB Desktop 1995-06-19 1997-07-18

Type 7249[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model 851 PowerPC 603e 100 256 KB 32 to 96 MB Notebook 1996-02-20 1996-11-08
Model 860 PowerPC 603e 166 256 KB 32 to 96 MB Notebook 1996-10-08 1998-01-30

Type 7317[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model F3L[19] PowerPC 604 133 512 KB 32 to 960 MB 17U Rackmount 1996-10-08 1999-12-13
PowerPC 604e 166 1 MB 32 MB to 1 GB
233 512 KB

Service processor[edit]

Many RS/6000 and subsequent pSeries machines came with a service processor, which booted itself when power was applied and continuously ran its own firmware, independent of the operating system. The service processor could call a phone number (via a modem) in case of serious failure with the machine.[20] Early advertisements and documentation called the service processor "System Guard",[21] (or SystemGuard[22]) although this name was apparently dropped later on, roughly around the same time that the simplified RS/6000 name was adopted for the computer line itself.

Late in the RS/6000 cycle, the service processor was "converged" with the one used on the AS/400 machines.[23]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "RS/6000 Machine Type Models". Archive.rootvg.net. Archived from the original on 11 October 2013. Retrieved 2016-09-10.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Overview 7006 IBM RS/6000. IBM U.S. Sales Manual". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.
  3. ^ "7007-N40". Archived from the original on 13 July 2011.
  4. ^ "Powerstation * 16MB, Graphics, 33MHz, desktop, S.Hem". 01.ibm.com. Retrieved 2016-09-10.
  5. ^ "7011-250 IBM RS/6000 Model 250". 01.ibm.com. Retrieved 2016-09-10.
  6. ^ a b "How can I get the clock speed of an AIX machine? (Text of DW7410)". Sdsc.edu. Archived from the original on 21 May 2013. Retrieved 2016-09-10.
  7. ^ "7012-39H IBM RS/6000 Model 39H". 01.ibm.com. Retrieved 2016-09-10.
  8. ^ Model 53E is a special designation for Models 520 and 52H converted to 53H functionality (33 MHz Processor and 33 MHz memory) as on-site upgrade. See US Announcement Letter 192-005 Archived 7 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ Model 58F is a special designation for Models 530H, 550 and 560 converted to Model 580 functionality (62.5 MHz Processor) as on-site upgrade. See US Announcement Letter C92-016 Archived 7 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ a b c d e The RS/6000 Enterprise Server Model S80 Technology and Architecture. IBM.
  11. ^ a b "7025-F50 IBM RS/6000 Server Model F50". 01.ibm.com. Archived from the original on 7 October 2012. Retrieved 2016-09-10.
  12. ^ a b Stephen Lutz; Shyam Manohar; Scott Vetter (9 May 2000). "RS/6000 7025 Model F80 Technical Overview and Introduction" (PDF). IBM. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 June 2011.
  13. ^ "7030-3CT IBM RS/6000 Model 3CT". 01.ibm.com. Retrieved 2016-09-10.
  14. ^ "7043-240 IBM RS/6000 43P Model 240". 01.ibm.com. Retrieved 2016-09-10.
  15. ^ "7043-270 IBM RS/6000 7043 Model 270". 01.ibm.com. Retrieved 2016-09-10.
  16. ^ "Workstation/Entry Server * Power3 II 375MHz, 1-4way SMP, 256MB". 01.ibm.com. Retrieved 2016-09-10.
  17. ^ "7044-270 IBM RS/6000 Model 270". 01.ibm.com. Retrieved 2016-09-10.
  18. ^ "EMEA - IBM RS/6000 43P Series Model 132". 01.ibm.com. Retrieved 2016-09-10.
  19. ^ "7317-F3L IBM RS/6000 Telecommunications Server Model F3L". 01.ibm.com. Retrieved 2016-09-10.
  20. ^ RS/6000 Enterprise Server Model M80, Eserver pSeries 660 Model 6M1. Service Guide, p. 69
  21. ^ IDG Enterprise (3 April 1995). Computerworld. IDG Enterprise. p. 61. ISSN 0010-4841.
  22. ^ IBM RISC System/6000 SMP Servers. Architecture and Implementation, November 1995, SG24-2583-00
  23. ^ "REDP0195.book" (PDF). Csee.umbc.edu. Retrieved 2016-09-10.
General

External links[edit]

IBM Archives: A Brief History of RISC, the IBM RS/6000 and the IBM eServer pSeries