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|Status||Absorbed into Polydor|
|Distributor(s)||Universal Music Group (Capitol for the Bee Gees; Polydor for all other artists; Island as US distributor of non-Bee Gees reissues)|
|Country of origin||United States|
RSO Records was a record label formed by rock and roll and musical theatre impresario Robert Stigwood and record executive Al Coury in 1973. The "RSO" stands for the Robert Stigwood Organisation. The company's main headquarters were at 67 Brook Street, in London's Mayfair. It underwent four distribution stages: by Atlantic Records from March 1973 to December 1975, by Polydor Records from January 1976 to December 1977, as an independent label under the PolyGram Group umbrella from January 1978 to around October 1981, and finally by PolyGram Records from around November 1981 until the label's end in 1983.
RSO managed the careers of several superstars (Bee Gees, Yvonne Elliman, Eric Clapton, Andy Gibb), and, as a record label, released the soundtracks to Fame, Sparkle, The Empire Strikes Back, Return of the Jedi, Times Square, Grease (over 30 million copies sold worldwide), Grease 2 and Saturday Night Fever (over 35 million copies sold worldwide). The release of Grease and Saturday Night Fever made RSO one of the most financially successful labels of the 1970s.
The financial success of the independent label was exceeded by successes on the pop charts never before seen by the recording industry. By one point in 1978, the label boasted an unprecedented sixth consecutive number-one single on the Billboard (US) pop charts, holding the top spot for 21 consecutive weeks. With singles releases from the Grease album ("You're the One That I Want", and the title track) and another huge Andy Gibb smash ("Shadow Dancing"), RSO would log a further 10 weeks at the number 1 position, giving the label a record nine in one calendar year. This feat remains unduplicated by any record label to date. It also released a one-off single that summer by Paul Jones, featuring orchestrated ballad-style versions of two punk classics, "Pretty Vacant" and "Sheena Is a Punk Rocker".
As well as the label was operating in 1978, the disastrous commercial and critical failure of RSO's movie version of Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band crippled the company. The woes of this failure were only somewhat offset by the middle of 1979, as the Bee Gees album Spirits Having Flown went on to eventually sell nearly 20 million copies (with the album producing three further number 1 singles that each sold more than one million copies in their own right).
In 1980, the label's most famous act, the Bee Gees, filed a $200 million lawsuit against both RSO and Stigwood, claiming mismanagement, which was met with Stigwood's own $310 million countersuit alleging libel, defamation of character and extortion. It is still considered to be the largest successful lawsuit against a record company by an artist or group. The lawsuit was subsequently settled for an undisclosed amount, and after a public reconciliation, the band remained with the label until its dissolution.
By 1981, Stigwood had ended his involvement with the label, which was absorbed into PolyGram a few years later. All previous RSO releases were later re-released under Polydor's label, which is now owned by Universal Music Group. Reissues from Polydor are distributed in the U.S. by sister label Island Records.
The Star Wars soundtracks would pass through several hands before ultimately ending up with Sony Classical in the 90s and finally Walt Disney Records after Disney's purchase of Lucasfilm Ltd., while the Bee Gees catalog reverted to the Gibb family, who set up a new distribution arrangement with Warner's Reprise Records, which reissued their albums and the Saturday Night Fever soundtrack until 2016, when the Bee Gees signed a deal with Universal's Capitol Records.
I was in Japan with The Who and decided to set up RSO as an independent label. I had designers working on a logo, but I didn’t like any of them. Some Japanese friends gave me a papier-mâché cow, which is a symbol of good health and good fortune. It was on the mantelpiece in my office, and I thought, 'Good health and good fortune, that's appropriate. Just write RSO on it.' 
The term "record label" derives from the circular label in the center of a vinyl record which prominently displays the manufacturer's name. During its existence, the styling of the RSO circular label changed as it changed its distribution partner.
- Atlantic - distributed label: Peach label with small logo
- Polydor - distributed label: Tan label with large logo, Polydor logo at bottom perimeter of label
- Independently distributed label: Tan label with larger logo
- PolyGram - distributed label: Silver label with large logo
- RSO Top Line - reissue label: White label with gold or silver star, very small logo at top of label between TOP and LINE
- "RSO Album Discography, Part 1". Bsnpubs.com. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
- "RSO Album Discography, Part 2". Bsnpubs.com. 22 January 2007. Retrieved 2 March 2013.
- "Al Coury, Promotions Man Who 'Worked His Magic' with Beatles, Beach Boys, and Pink Floyd, Dead at 78". Billboard. 9 August 2013. Retrieved 23 June 2017.
- "RSO Label Discography - USA". 45cat. Retrieved 2 March 2013.
- Bronson, Fred (31 August 2003). The Billboard Book of Number One Hits. Billboard Books. p. 490. ISBN 9780823076772. Retrieved 31 August 2020 – via Google Books.
- Billboard - Google Books. 24 March 2001. Retrieved 2 March 2013.