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RStudio logo flat.svg
RStudio on Ubuntu 12.10
RStudio on Ubuntu 12.10
Developer(s)RStudio, Inc.
Initial release28 February 2011; 8 years ago (2011-02-28)[1]
Stable release
1.2.5001 / 19 September 2019; 3 months ago (2019-09-19)[2]
Repository Edit this at Wikidata
Written inJava, C++, JavaScript[3]
Operating systemWindows NT, macOS, Ubuntu, Fedora, Red Hat Linux, openSUSE
PlatformIA-32, x86-64; Qt
LicenseAffero General Public License v3[4]

RStudio is an integrated development environment (IDE) for R, a programming language for statistical computing and graphics. The RStudio IDE is developed by RStudio, Inc., a commercial enterprise founded by JJ Allaire,[5] creator of the programming language ColdFusion. RStudio, Inc. has no formal connection to the R Foundation, a not for profit organization located in Vienna Austria,[6] which is responsible for overseeing development of the R environment for statistical computing.

RStudio is available in two formats: RStudio Desktop, where the program is run locally as a regular desktop application; and RStudio Server, which allows accessing RStudio using a web browser while it is running on a remote Linux server.

Licensing Model[edit]

The RStudio IDE is available with the GNU Affero General Public License version 3. The AGPL v3 is an open source license that guarantees the freedom to share the code.

RStudio Desktop and RStudio Server are both available in free and fee-based (commercial) editions. OS support depends on the format/edition of the IDE. Prepackaged distributions of RStudio Desktop are available for Windows, macOS, and Linux. RStudio Server and Server Pro run on Debian, Ubuntu, Red Hat Linux, CentOS, openSUSE and SLES.[7]

The RStudio IDE is partly written in the C++ programming language and uses the Qt framework for its graphical user interface.[8] The bigger percentage of the code is written in Java. JavaScript is also amongst the languages used.[9]

Work on the RStudio IDE started around December 2010,[10] and the first public beta version (v0.92) was officially announced in February 2011.[1] Version 1.0 was released on 1 November 2016.[11] Version 1.1 was released on 9 October 2017. [12]

In April 2018, RStudio Inc. announced that it will provide operational and infrastructure support to Ursa Labs[13] in support of the Labs focus on building a new data science runtime powered by Apache Arrow.[14]

In April 2019, RStudio Inc. released a new product, the RStudio Job Launcher. The Job Launcher an adjunct to RStudio Server[15]. The launcher provides the ability to start processes within various batch processing systems (e.g. Slurm) and container orchestration platforms (e.g. Kubernetes). This function is only available in RStudio Server Pro (fee-based application).


In addition to the RStudio IDE, RStudio Inc. and its employees develop, maintain, and promote a number of R packages.[16] These include:

  • Tidyverse – R packages for data science, including ggplot2, dplyr, tidyr, and purrr
  • Shiny – An interactive web technology
  • RMarkdown – Insert R code into markdown documents
  • knitr – Dynamic reports combining R, TeX, Markdown & HTML
  • packrat – Package dependency tool
  • devtools – Package development tool


The RStudio IDE provides a mechanism for executing R functions interactively from within the IDE through the Addins menu[17]. This enables packages to include Graphical User Interfaces (GUIs) for increased accessibility. Popular packages that use Addins based GUIs include:

  • bookdown – a knitr extension to create books
  • colourpicker – a graphical tool to pick colours for plots
  • datasets.load – a graphical tool to search and load datasets
  • googleAuthR – Authenticate with Google APIs

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "RStudio, new open-source IDE for R | RStudio Blog". Retrieved 2015-05-01.
  2. ^ "RStudio Release Notes". Retrieved 13 Oct 2019.
  3. ^ "rstudio/rstudio". GitHub. RStudio. Retrieved 18 December 2016.
  4. ^ Pylvainen, Ian (2016-03-24). "What license is RStudio available under? – RStudio". Retrieved 2018-05-25.
  5. ^ ""Why Rstudio?"". Retrieved 2015-12-15.
  6. ^ ""Statutes of "The R Foundation for Statistical Computing""" (PDF). "The R Foundation". Retrieved 2019-08-12.
  7. ^ "RStudio". Retrieved 2 December 2016.
  8. ^ Verzani, John. Getting Started with RStudio. O'Reilly Media, Inc. p. 4. ISBN 9781449309039.
  9. ^ "rstudio/rstudio". GitHub. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  10. ^ "portable download of java dependencies · rstudio/rstudio@484cb88 · GitHub". 2010-12-07. Retrieved 2015-05-01.
  11. ^ "Announcing RStudio v1.0!". RStudio Blog. 1 November 2016.
  12. ^ "RStudio v1.1 Released". RStudio Blog. 9 October 2017.
  13. ^ "About Ursa Labs". Retrieved 2019-08-13.
  14. ^ Allaire, JJ. "Arrow and beyond: Collaborating on next generation tools for open source data science". RStudio. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  15. ^ "RStudio 1.2 Release".
  16. ^ "Inspired by R and its community". RStudio. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  17. ^ "RStudio Addins". RStudio. Retrieved 2018-09-16.

External links[edit]