Epoch 1996.7 Equinox J2000.0
|Right ascension||18h 56m 35s |
|Declination||−37° 54′ 36″|
|Apparent magnitude (V)||~25.6|
|Age||1 million years|
RX J185635-3754, 1ES 1853-37.9, 1RXS J185635.1-375433
Discovery and location
RX J1856.5-3754 is thought to have formed in a supernova explosion of its companion star about one million years ago and is moving at 108 km/s across the sky. It was discovered in 1992, and observations in 1996 confirmed that it is a neutron star, the closest to Earth discovered.
It was originally thought to be about 150–200 light-years away, but further observations using the Chandra X-ray Observatory in 2002 indicate that its distance is greater—about 400 light-years.
Quark star hypothesis
By combining Chandra X-ray Observatory and Hubble Space Telescope data, astronomers previously estimated that RX J1856 radiates like a solid body with a temperature of 700,000 °C and has a diameter of about 4–8 km. This estimated size was too small to reconcile with the standard models of neutron stars, therefore it was suggested that it might be a quark star.
However, later refined analysis of improved Chandra and Hubble observations revealed that the surface temperature of the star is lower, only 434,000 °C, and respectively the diameter is larger, about 14 km (with account of the effects of general relativity, the observed radius appears about 17 km). Thus, RX J1856.5-3754 is now excluded from the list of quark star candidates.
- 3C 58, a possible quark star.
- RX-J185635-375 at jumk.de
- RX J1856.5-3754 and 3C58: Cosmic X-rays May Reveal New Form of Matter Chandra X-Ray Observatory. July 16, 2009.
- Walter, Frederick M.; Lattimer, James M., The Astrophysical Journal, 2002
- RX J185635-3754 - an Isolated Neutron Star, F. M. Walter, web page at the Department of Physics and Astronomy, State University of New York at Stony Brook. Accessed on line June 29, 2007.
- Rees, Martin (2012) Universe. Dorling Kindersley. p. 528
- "The Mystery of the Lonely Neutron Star". European Southern Observatory press release, September 11, 2000. Accessed online at spaceref.com May 20, 2007.
- Drake J. J.; et al. (2002). "Is RX J1856.5-3754 a Quark Star?". Astrophys. J. 572 (2): 996–1001. arXiv: . Bibcode:2002ApJ...572..996D. doi:10.1086/340368.
- Ho W. C. G.; et al. (2007). "Magnetic hydrogen atmosphere models and the neutron star RX J1856.5–3754". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 375 (2): 821–830. arXiv: . Bibcode:2007MNRAS.375..821H. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2006.11376.x.
- Truemper, J. E.; Burwitz, V.; Haberl, F.; Zavlin, V. E. (June 2004). "The puzzles of RX J1856.5-3754: neutron star or quark star?". Nuclear Physics B Proceedings Supplements. 132: 560–565. arXiv: . Bibcode:2004NuPhS.132..560T. doi:10.1016/j.nuclphysbps.2004.04.094.
- Is RX J185635-375 a Quark Star?
- NASA Astronomy Picture of the Day: RX J185635-375: Candidate Quark Star (14 April 2002)
- Bare Quark Stars or Naked Neutron Stars? The Case of RX J1856.5-3754
- RX J185635-3754 - an Isolated Neutron Star
- News Release STScI-1997-32: Hubble Sees a Neutron Star Alone in Space