Raša, Istria County

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Raša
Raša Municipality
Flag of Raša
Flag
Raša Municipality Emblem.jpg
Coat of arms
Raša is located in Croatia
Raša
Raša
Location of Raša in Croatia
Coordinates: 45°05′N 14°05′E / 45.083°N 14.083°E / 45.083; 14.083Coordinates: 45°05′N 14°05′E / 45.083°N 14.083°E / 45.083; 14.083
Country Croatia
CountyZastava Istarske županije.svg Istria
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Municipality3,183
 • Urban
1,440
Demonym(s)Rašanka (female)
Rašanin (male)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
52223 Raša
Vehicle registrationPU
Municipality dayNovember 4
Patron saintsSt. Barbara
Websitewww.rasa.hr

Raša (Italian: Arsia, Chakavian: Aršija) is a municipality in the inner part of the Raška Inlet in the south-eastern part of Istria, Croatia. Raša lies 4.5 kilometres (2.8 mi) southwest of Labin at an elevation of 10 m (33 ft).

Location of Raša Municipality within Istria County

Situated in the valley of the Krapanski Potok (a tributary of the river Raša), near the former village of Krapan in 1785.

St. Barbara parish in Raša

Raša was built as a "new town" during 1936-1937 as part of Mussolini's urban colonization of Istria. Planned and designed according to the rationalist principles by architect, Gustavo Pulitzer-Finali from Trieste, Italy, the mining town is organized along a linear axis connecting the Upper and Lower Raša. Lower Raša comprises of houses for ordinary miners set along two parallel streets while Upper Raša is organized along three parallel streets with similar houses but slightly larger in size, designated for senior miners and supervisors. Smaller residential enclaves were organized throughout the elongated plan, one of which is "villette", a gated series of small urban villas designated for mining executives.

The town centre connecting the Lower and Upper Raša included a large square with hotels, post office, supermarket, movie theatre, pharmacy, administrative offices and small arcaded shops. Overlooking the square is the church of Santa Barbara (patron saint of miners). The single nave church is constructed in the shape of an overturned coal wagon while its bell tower resembles a miner's lamp. Centrally located are also the town hospital, football field, bocci terrain and swimming pool with diving tower and bowling alley. Decades after the mine's closure, today, Raša's appearance is part of a memory album of town planning, whereas the sound of coal wagons belongs to bygone days.

The miners' greeting "Sretno" on a building in Raša

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Raša". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.

External links[edit]