|Village and municipality|
Panorama of Ražanj
Location of the municipality of Ražanj within Serbia
|Region||Southern and Eastern Serbia|
|• Mayor||Dobrica Stojković (DSS)|
|• Municipality||289 km2 (112 sq mi)|
|Population (2011 census)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Area code||+381 37|
Ražanj (Serbian Cyrillic: Ражањ) is a village and municipality located in the Nišava District of the southern Serbia. It is located 50 kilometers (31 mi) northwest of Niš. It is a small municipality consisting of 23 settlements having a total population of 9,137 inhabitants (1,241 in the town itself). The municipality covers an area of 289 km2 and belongs to the administrative district of Nišava. Neighboring municipalities are Kruševac, Aleksinac, Sokobanja, Boljevac, Paraćin and Ćićevac.
In Serbian, "ražanj" means "stake". In the Roman times it was called Cametas.
62 companies are currently present in the municipality of Ražanj. The majority of these are small firms, employing between 1-5 workers, while the rest are companies with 5-50 workers employed. The level of unemployment is higher in the municipality of Ražanj than in the other municipalities of the Nišava District. In addition, net earnings are about 26% lower than the national average of the Republic of Serbia. These numbers are partly explained by the fact that the municipality of Ražanj has a relatively old population (about 32% of the rural population are older than 60 years). According to the National Bureau of Statistics, in 2007, 1,008 people were employed by state owned companies and institutions, 812 were employed by other organizations and 196 were self-employed. Agriculture is the biggest industry in the municipality and currently 5,594 people (49% of the total population) work in agriculture.
The major part of the territory of the municipality of Ražanj is covered by arable areas, woodlands come second, fields and meadows come third and then fruit farms and vineyards. The agricultural land covers 59.6% (16,926 ha) of the total territory and is the central industry of the region. Main crops are maize, wheat, barley and oat. Arable areas cover 72.92% of the total agricultural area while the rest are covered by fruit farms (5.02%), vineyards (3.22%) and fields and meadows (16.91%). According to 2007 figures the territory of the municipality Ražanj had a cattle population of about 4,000 heads, a swine population of 13,000 heads, a goat and sheep population of 3,500 animals, and a poultry population of about 65,000 hens.
Even if agriculture today is the primary industry of the municipality, it has great future potentials only by making it more market-oriented and efficient. On the territory of the municipality Razanj there are currently more than 1520 registered farms. According to the National Bureau of Statistics, in 2007, 96.60% of the land was privately owned while 2.85% was owned by the state.
The main transport routes crossing the territories of the municipality of Ražanj are the Belgrade-Niš Highway as well as the Belgrade-Niš Railway. The Belgrade-Niš highway is a national key transport route and accordingly a vital transport route for the people living in the municipality of Ražanj. Two railroad stations are located within the area of the municipality (Braljina and Đunis). These are connected to the Serbian railroad network through the Belgrade-Niš railroad.
||This article needs to be updated. (November 2011)|
Ethnic groups in the municipality (2002 census):
- Serbs = 11,022
- Roma = 182
- "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
- "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
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