Ra (Javanese)

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Aksara nglegena Aksara pasangan
Javanese script
Latin orthography ra
Phoneme [r]
Unicode U+A9AB

is one of syllable in Javanese script that represent the sound /ɾɔ/, /ɾa/. It is transliterated to Latin as "ra", and sometimes in Indonesian orthography as "ro". It has another form (pasangan), which is ◌꧀ꦫ, but represented by a single Unicode code point, U+A9AB.[1][2][3]


It's pasangan form ◌꧀ꦫ, is located on the bottom side of the previous syllable. The pasangan only occurs if a word is ended with a consonant, and the next word starts with 'r', for example ꦲꦤꦏ꧀ꦫꦗ - anak raja (king's child). If it is located between a consonant and a vocal, it didn't form a pasangan, instead it uses a special panjingan called a cakra (ꦿ) or cakra keret (), for example ꦒꦿꦶꦪ - griya (house).


The letter doesn't have a murda form.

Final consonant[edit]

cannot became final consonant (e.g. ꦫ꧀). It is replaced by layar (). For example: ꦭꦪꦂ - layar (sail), not ꦭꦪꦫ꧀

Honorific form[edit]

Some writers replaced with (ra agung) when addressing or discussing royal persons.[4]


Nglegena forms Pasangan forms
 ra ꦫꦃ rah ꦫꦁ rang ꦫꦂ rar ◌꧀ꦫ -ra ◌꧀ꦫꦃ -rah ◌꧀ꦫꦁ -rang ◌꧀ꦫꦂ -rar
ꦫꦺ re ꦫꦺꦃ reh ꦫꦺꦁ reng ꦫꦺꦂ rer ◌꧀ꦫꦺ -re ◌꧀ꦫꦺꦃ -reh ◌꧀ꦫꦺꦁ -reng ◌꧀ꦫꦺꦂ -rer
ꦫꦼ rê ꦫꦼꦃ rêh ꦫꦼꦁ rêng ꦫꦼꦂ rêr ◌꧀ꦫꦼ -rê ◌꧀ꦫꦼꦃ -rêh ◌꧀ꦫꦼꦁ -rêng ◌꧀ꦫꦼꦂ -rêr
ꦫꦶ ri ꦫꦶꦃ rih ꦫꦶꦁ ring ꦫꦶꦂ rir ◌꧀ꦫꦶ -ri ◌꧀ꦫꦶꦃ -rih ◌꧀ꦫꦶꦁ -ring ◌꧀ꦫꦶꦂ -rir
ꦫꦺꦴ ro ꦫꦺꦴꦃ roh ꦫꦺꦴꦁ rong ꦫꦺꦴꦂ ror ◌꧀ꦫꦺꦴ -ro ◌꧀ꦫꦺꦴꦃ -roh ◌꧀ꦫꦺꦴꦁ -rong ◌꧀ꦫꦺꦴꦂ -ror
ꦫꦸ ru ꦫꦸꦃ ruh ꦫꦸꦁ rung ꦫꦸꦂ rur ◌꧀ꦫꦸ -ru ◌꧀ꦫꦸꦃ -ruh ◌꧀ꦫꦸꦁ -rung ◌꧀ꦫꦸꦂ -rur
ꦫꦿ rra ꦫꦿꦃ rrah ꦫꦿꦁ rrang ꦫꦿꦂ rrar ◌꧀ꦫꦿ -rra ◌꧀ꦫꦿꦃ -rrah ◌꧀ꦫꦿꦁ -rrang ◌꧀ꦫꦿꦂ -rrar
ꦫꦿꦺ rre ꦫꦿꦺꦃ rreh ꦫꦿꦺꦁ rreng ꦫꦿꦺꦂ rrer ◌꧀ꦫꦿꦺ -rre ◌꧀ꦫꦿꦺꦃ -rreh ◌꧀ꦫꦿꦺꦁ -rreng ◌꧀ꦫꦿꦺꦂ -rrer
ꦫꦽ rrê ꦫꦽꦃ rrêh ꦫꦽꦁ rrêng ꦫꦽꦂ rrêr ◌꧀ꦫꦽ -rrê ◌꧀ꦫꦽꦃ -rrêh ◌꧀ꦫꦽꦁ -rrêng ◌꧀ꦫꦽꦂ -rrêr
ꦫꦿꦶ rri ꦫꦿꦶꦃ rrih ꦫꦿꦶꦁ rring ꦫꦿꦶꦂ rrir ◌꧀ꦫꦿꦶ -rri ◌꧀ꦫꦿꦶꦃ -rrih ◌꧀ꦫꦿꦶꦁ -rring ◌꧀ꦫꦿꦶꦂ -rrir
ꦫꦿꦺꦴ rro ꦫꦿꦺꦴꦃ rroh ꦫꦿꦺꦴꦁ rrong ꦫꦿꦺꦴꦂ rror ◌꧀ꦫꦿꦺꦴ -rro ◌꧀ꦫꦿꦺꦴꦃ -rroh ◌꧀ꦫꦿꦺꦴꦁ -rrong ◌꧀ꦫꦿꦺꦴꦂ -rror
ꦫꦿꦸ rru ꦫꦿꦸꦃ rruh ꦫꦿꦸꦁ rrung ꦫꦿꦸꦂ rrur ◌꧀ꦫꦿꦸ -rru ◌꧀ꦫꦿꦸꦃ -rruh ◌꧀ꦫꦿꦸꦁ -rrung ◌꧀ꦫꦿꦸꦂ -rrur
ꦫꦾ rya ꦫꦾꦃ ryah ꦫꦾꦁ ryang ꦫꦾꦂ ryar ◌꧀ꦫꦾ -rya ◌꧀ꦫꦾꦃ -ryah ◌꧀ꦫꦾꦁ -ryang ◌꧀ꦫꦾꦂ -ryar
ꦫꦾꦺ rye ꦫꦾꦺꦃ ryeh ꦫꦾꦺꦁ ryeng ꦫꦾꦺꦂ ryer ◌꧀ꦫꦾꦺ -rye ◌꧀ꦫꦾꦺꦃ -ryeh ◌꧀ꦫꦾꦺꦁ -ryeng ◌꧀ꦫꦾꦺꦂ -ryer
ꦫꦾꦼ ryê ꦫꦾꦼꦃ ryêh ꦫꦾꦼꦁ ryêng ꦫꦾꦼꦂ ryêr ◌꧀ꦫꦾꦼ -ryê ◌꧀ꦫꦾꦼꦃ -ryêh ◌꧀ꦫꦾꦼꦁ -ryêng ◌꧀ꦫꦾꦼꦂ -ryêr
ꦫꦾꦶ ryi ꦫꦾꦶꦃ ryih ꦫꦾꦶꦁ rying ꦫꦾꦶꦂ ryir ◌꧀ꦫꦾꦶ -ryi ◌꧀ꦫꦾꦶꦃ -ryih ◌꧀ꦫꦾꦶꦁ -rying ◌꧀ꦫꦾꦶꦂ -ryir
ꦫꦾꦺꦴ ryo ꦫꦾꦺꦴꦃ ryoh ꦫꦾꦺꦴꦁ ryong ꦫꦾꦺꦴꦂ ryor ◌꧀ꦫꦾꦺꦴ -ryo ◌꧀ꦫꦾꦺꦴꦃ -ryoh ◌꧀ꦫꦾꦺꦴꦁ -ryong ◌꧀ꦫꦾꦺꦴꦂ -ryor
ꦫꦾꦸ ryu ꦫꦾꦸꦃ ryuh ꦫꦾꦸꦁ ryung ꦫꦾꦸꦂ ryur ◌꧀ꦫꦾꦸ -ryu ◌꧀ꦫꦾꦸꦃ -ryuh ◌꧀ꦫꦾꦸꦁ -ryung ◌꧀ꦫꦾꦸꦂ -ryur

Unicode block[edit]

Javanese script was added to the Unicode Standard in October, 2009 with the release of version 5.2.

Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+A9Bx ꦿ
1.^ As of Unicode version 10.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points


  1. ^ Campbell, George L. Compendium of the World's Languages. Vol. 1. New York: Routledge, 2000.
  2. ^ Soemarmo, Marmo. "Javanese Script." Ohio Working Papers in Linguistics and Language Teaching 14.Winter (1995): 69-103.
  3. ^ Daniels, Peter T and William Bright. The World's Writing Systems. Ed. Peter T Daniels and William Bright. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.
  4. ^ Everson, Michael (2008-03-06). "L2/08-015R: Proposal for encoding the Javanese script in the UCS" (PDF).