Rabee al-Madkhali

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Rabee' Bin Hadi bin 'Umair al-Madkhali
Born1931
Saudi Arabia
NationalitySaudi Arabian
EthnicityArab
OccupationRetired; formerly, university professor
ReligionIslam
DenominationSunni
Main interest(s)Biographical evaluation
Alma materIslamic University of Madinah

Rabee' Ibn Haadee 'Umayr al-Madkhalee (ربيع بن هادي عمير المدخلي) is a former head of the Sunnah Studies Department at the Islamic University of Madinah. He is a Salafist Muslim scholar espousing ideas that have given rise to the branch of Islamic theology called madkhalism.

Biography[edit]

Education and career[edit]

Existing biographies note that Rabee Al-Madkhali began seeking knowledge in his village from local scholars like Ahmad bin Muhammad Jabir Al-Madkhali and Muhammad bin Jabir Al-Madkhali after he turned eight years old.[1] His most notable teacher before his study at the 'Ma’had al-’Ilmi' in Saamitah was Nasir Khlufah Mubaraki (one of Abdullah ibn Muhammad Al-Qar’awi’s most senior students). After completing several classical Islamic texts with him, he started his education at the Ma’had al-’ilmi in Saamitah. The most notable of his teachers were: Hafidh ibn Ahmed Ali al-Hakami, Muhammad bin Ahmad Al-Hakami, Ahmad bin Yahya Al-Najmi, Muhammad Aman Al-Jami' and Muhammad Saghir Al-Khamisi.[2]

In 1961, he entered the Faculty of Sharia at Imam Muhammad ibn Saud Islamic University in Riyadh for two months and then switched to the Faculty of Sharia at the Islamic University of Madinah, where his most notable teachers were: Former Mufti of Saudi Arabia, Abd al-Aziz ibn Baz, Muhammad Nasiruddin al-Albani, Abdul-Muhsin Al-Abbad, Muhammad Amin Al-Shanqiti, Saleh Al-Iraqi and Abdul-Ghaffar Hasan Al-Hindi.[2] He graduated four years later with excellence. After working at the University, he returned to complete his higher education. He received his Master’s degree after publishing his thesis, 'Between Muslim and Daruqutni' and achieved his doctorate with distinction with his dissertation. After completing his Doctorate at Umm al-Qura in 1980, Madkhali returned to the Islamic University of Madinah where he taught at the Faculty of Hadith and later became the head of the Department of Sunnah in the Department of Higher Studies. He held the chair until his retirement in the mid-1990s.[3]

Scholarly works[edit]

Al-Madkhali's collected works

Al-Madkhali has authored over 30 works in the field of Hadith and Islamic sciences, much of which has been compiled into a 15 volume set [4] In 1984, the book which brought him fame in the Saudi religious field, 'Manhaj Al-Anbiyah Fi Da’wah Ila Allah' (The Methodology of the Prophets in Calling to Allah), caused controversy over Al-Madkhali's criticisms of the Muslim Brotherhood and their methods in Muslim missionary work.[5] According to Lacroix, Al-Madkhali insisted that priority must be given to correcting Islamic creed amongst the people, whereas the Muslim Brotherhood's initial focus was on political reform.[5] Some observers state that Al-Madkhali is most noted for his refutations of Islamic thinker Sayyid Qutb. Al-Madkhali received acclamations for his works refuting Sayyid Qutb from other Salafist scholars such as Saleh Al-Fawzan, Muqbil bin Hadi al-Wadi'i, and Muhammad ibn al Uthaymeen.[6] Of his four books on Sayyid Qutb, 'Adhwa Islamiyyah ala aqidat Sayyid Qutb wa fikrihi' is considered the most important.[7] Apart from his controversial works in refutations, Al-Madkhali has authored several books in the field of hadith. His Master’s thesis, 'Between the two Imams: Muslim and Daruqutni' is recommended by some of Saudi Arabia's senior scholars for experienced students of Hadith.[citation needed]

Contemporary evaluation[edit]

In 2012, the Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought named Al-Madkhali as one of the 500 most influential Muslims in the world.[8] Contemporary hadith scholar Muhammad Nasiruddin al-Albani regarded Al-Madkhali to be knowledgeable in the field of hadith, particularly in Al-Jarh wa-l-Ta’dil. Al-Albani stated that, “the carrier of the flag of [knowledge] of Jarh wa Ta'deel today, in this present time, and rightfully so, is our brother Dr. Rabee’, and those who refute him do so without any knowledge."[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Meijer, R., "Politicizing al-jarh wa-l-ta'dil p.377
  2. ^ a b Roel Meijer, "Politicizing al-jarh wa-l-ta'dil: p.377.
  3. ^ Lacroix, pg. 212.
  4. ^ Zafiri, K., "Thabt mu'allafat al-shaykh Rabi b. Hadi al-Madkhali" [Meijer says to see this book in 'Politicizing al-jarh wa-l-ta'dil' p.380].
  5. ^ a b Lacroix p.212
  6. ^ Roel Meijer, Politicizing al-jarh wa-l-ta'dil p.380 & 386
  7. ^ Roel Meijer, Politicizing al-jarh wa-l-ta'dil p.386
  8. ^ Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought, Sheikh Rabi’ Ibn Haadi ‘Umayr Al Madkhali. The Muslim 500: The World's Most Influential Muslims
  9. ^ Meijer, "Politicizing," pg. 380.

External links[edit]