Jump to content

Rabiu Kwankwaso

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Rabi'u Kwankwaso
Kwankaso in 2022
Senator for Kano Central
In office
9 June 2015 – 9 June 2019
Preceded byBasheer Garba Mohammed
Succeeded byIbrahim Shekarau
Governor of Kano State
In office
29 May 2011 – 29 May 2015
DeputyAbdullahi Umar Ganduje
Preceded byIbrahim Shekarau
Succeeded byAbdullahi Umar Ganduje
In office
29 May 1999 – 29 May 2003
DeputyAbdullahi Umar Ganduje
Preceded byAminu Isa Kontagora
Succeeded byIbrahim Shekarau
Minister of Defence
In office
July 2003 – May 2007
Minister of StateRoland Oritsejafor
(2003–2006)
Thomas Aguiyi-Ironsi
(from August 2006)
Preceded byTheophilus Danjuma
Succeeded byYayale Ahmed
Deputy Speaker of the House of Representatives of Nigeria
In office
5 December 1992 – 17 November 1993
SpeakerAgunwa Anaekwe
Succeeded byChibudom Nwuche (1999)
Member of the
House of Representatives of Nigeria
from Kano
In office
5 December 1992 – 17 November 1993
ConstituencyMadobi
Personal details
Born (1956-10-21) 21 October 1956 (age 67)
Kwankwaso, Northern Region, British Nigeria
(now in Kano State, Nigeria)
Political partyNew Nigeria Peoples Party (2022–present)
Other political
affiliations
SpouseSalamatu Rabiu Musa
RelationsAbba Kabir Yusuf
(son-in-law)
Children6
Alma mater
Occupation
Kano State in Nigeria

Mohammed Rabi'u Musa Kwankwaso, FNSE FNIQS (born 21 October 1956) is a Nigerian politician who served as governor of Kano state from 1999 to 2003 and from 2011 to 2015.[1] After he lost his re-election in 2003, he was appointed the first Minister of Defence of the Fourth Republic with no prior military background from 2003 to 2007, under the administration of President Olusegun Obasanjo.[2] He was later elected to the Senate in 2015, serving one term under the platform of the All Progressives Congress (APC) representing Kano Central Senatorial District.[3]

He served as the national leader of the New Nigeria Peoples Party but was expelled from the party due to some internal disputes. He was allegedly involved in anti-party activities and misappropriation of party campaign funds.[4] Kwankwaso enjoys widespread support in Kano and north-western Nigeria; he has been viewed as a charismatic populist.[5] In 2011, he was re-elected governor of the state and went on to join the All Progressives Congress (APC) in 2014. In 2015, Kwankwaso unsuccessfully contested the presidential primaries nomination under the opposition All Progressives Congress but lost to Muhammadu Buhari. In 2018, he returned to Peoples Democratic Party and contested the presidential primaries, losing to Atiku Abubakar. In 2023, Kwankwaso unsuccessfully ran for President of Nigeria under the platform of the New Nigeria Peoples Party, receiving 6.23% of the vote.[6][7]

Background[edit]

Family[edit]

Rabiu Musa Kwankwaso was born on 21 October 1956 in Kano, to a Sunni Fulani Family of the Genawa Fulani Clan. His father held the position of the village head of Kwankwaso with the title of Sarkin Fulani Dagacin Kwankwaso before being elevated to the position of the District Head of Madobi with the title of Majidadin Kano, Hakimin Madobi by the Kano Emirate Council under the leadership of the 13th Fulani Emir of Kano Alhaji Ado Bayero CFR, LLD, JP.[8]

Education[edit]

He attended Kwankwaso Primary School, Gwarzo Boarding Senior Primary School, Wudil Craft School and Kano Technical College before proceeding to Kaduna Polytechnic where he did both his National Diploma, and Higher National Diploma. Kwankwaso was an active student leader during his school days and was an elected official of the Kano State Students Association.[9] He also attended postgraduate studies in the United Kingdom from 1982 to 1983 at the Middlesex Polytechnic; and Loughborough University of Technology where he received a master's degree in civil engineering in 1985.[10] He also Awarded a PhD in civil engineering from Sharda University India, in 2022.[11][12]

Early career[edit]

Kwankwaso joined the Kano State Water Resources and Engineering Construction Agency of the Government of Kano State in 1975. He served there for seventeen years in various capacities and rose through the ranks to become the principal water engineer.[13]

Entry into politics[edit]

In 1992, Kwankwaso made his entry into politics on the platform of the Social Democratic Party (SDP). He was a member of the People's Front faction of the SDP led by General Shehu Yar'adua and other popular politicians such as his former boss Senator Magaji Abdullahi, Babagana Kingibe, Atiku Abubakar, Bola Tinubu, Tony Anenih, Chuba Okadigbo, Abdullahi Aliyu Sumaila, Abubakar Koko and Lamidi Adedibu amongst others.[14]

In 1992, Kwankwaso was elected as a member of the House of Representatives representing Madobi Federal Constituency.[15] His subsequent election as deputy speaker in the House brought him to the limelight of national politics. During the 1995 Constitutional Conference,[16] Kwankwaso was elected as one of the delegates from Kano, as a member of the People's Democratic Movement led by Yar'adua.[17] He later joined the Democratic Party of Nigeria (DPN) in the political transition program of General Sani Abacha. [citation needed]

Kwankwaso joined the PDP in 1998[18] under the platform of People's Democratic Movement in Kano led by Mallam Musa Gwadabe, Senator Hamisu Musa and Alhaji Abdullahi Aliyu Sumaila.[14] In 1999, he contested the PDP primaries alongside Abdullahi Umar Ganduje, Mukthari Zimit and Ambassador Kabiru Rabiu Dansista. The Santsi/P.S.P. were behind the candidature of Abdullahi Umar Ganduje, the party electoral committee chaired by Chief Tony Momoh with Alhaji Abdullahi Aliyu Sumaila, Senator Bala Tafidan Yauri as members amongst others declared Rabiu Kwankwaso as winner of the primary election. The declaration was made at the Party State Secretariat situated at Gidan Akida Hotoro GRA, Tarauni Local Government.

Governor of Kano State[edit]

First term[edit]

Kwankwaso was elected for his first term as the governor of Kano State from 29 May 1999[19] to 29 May 2003. His first tenure as the governor of Kano State was very eventful because of several other groups who were opposed to his high-handed governorship and his attempt at supporting Yoruba President Olusegun Obasanjo.[20] In 2003, he lost re-election to his rival Malam Ibrahim Shekarau.[21]

Second term[edit]

Kwankwaso was re-elected for a second term in office as governor of Kano State from 29 May 2011 to 29 May 2015.[22] During this time, he set out to rejig the political structure of Kwankwassiya: building roads, hospitals and schools and sending residents to study abroad.[23] In August 2013, Kwankwaso was amongst seven serving governors who formed the G-7 faction within the Peoples Democratic Party.[24] In November 2013, Kwankwaso, alongside five members of the G-7, defected to the new opposition party, the All Progressives Congress (APC).[25]

In June 2014, Kwankwaso was at loggerheads with long-time Emir of Kano Ado Bayero over his appointment of Waziri (Vizier) of the Kano Emirate Council. On 6 June 2014, Ado Bayero died and a succession crisis loomed amongst the royals. On 8 June 2014, Sanusi Lamido Sanusi suspended Central Bank governor and Dan Majen Kano (Son of Emir-Maje)[26] emerged as the new Emir of Kano.[27] His accession led to widespread protests from supporters of Sanusi Ado Bayero son of the late Emir and Chiroman Kano (Crown Prince), and allegations that Kwankwaso supported Sanusi because of the 2015 presidential election.[28]

2015 presidential campaign[edit]

In October 2014, Kwankwaso used his large political following in Kano to contest the APC presidential primaries.[29] The presidential primaries results held in Lagos were: Muhammadu Buhari with 3,430 votes, Kwankwaso with 974 votes, Atiku Abubakar with 954 votes, Rochas Okorocha with 400 votes and Sam Nda-Isiah with 10 votes. Coming in second, Kwankwaso endorsed the winner Muhammadu Buhari.

Post–governorship[edit]

Defence Minister[edit]

From 2003 to 2007, Kwankwaso was appointed as Minister of Defence by President Olusegun Obasanjo's second cabinet, replacing Theophilus Danjuma.[30]

Governorship election of 2007[edit]

In 2007, Kwankwaso resigned his ministerial position to contest the Kano State governorship election but he lost because he had been indicted by a Government White Paper.[31][32] Alhaji Ahmed Garba Bichi later replaced him as the governorship candidate of the party.[31] After losing the bid from his party to contest the 2007 elections, he was appointed as the Special Envoy to Somalia and Darfur by President Olusegun Obasanjo; and was later appointed by President Umaru Yar'Adua as a Board Member of the Niger Delta Development Commission, a position he resigned from in 2010.[33]

Senate of Nigeria[edit]

Crowd of supporters (distinguished by the red hats) at the inauguration of Kwankwaso as Governor of Kano state and supreme leader of the Kwankwasiyya ideology, 29 May 2011

Kwankwaso represented Kano Central Senatorial District at the Senate of Nigeria from May 2015 to May 2019.[34]

2019 presidential campaign[edit]

In July 2018, Kwankwaso alongside fourteen serving senators of the APC defected to the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP).[35] In October 2018, Kwankwaso contested the PDP presidential primaries. At the presidential primaries held in Rivers, amongst twelve presidential aspirants Kwankwaso came in fourth behind Atiku Abubakar with 1,532 votes, Aminu Tambuwal with 693 votes, Bukola Saraki with 317 votes and Kwankwaso with 158 votes. Kwankwaso later endorsed the winner Atiku Abubakar and refused to seek re-election into the senate, with Ibrahim Shekarau replacing him.[36] Kwankwaso campaigned heavily for his son-in-law Abba Kabir Yusuf to emerge as the governor in Kano State. The election was later declared inconclusive in favour of incumbent Abdullahi Umar Ganduje.[37]

Establishing the National Movement[edit]

On 22 February 2022, Kwankwaso set up the National Movement as a political movement against the staying power of the two major political parties the All Progressives Congress and the Peoples Democratic Party. He co-opted the New Nigeria Peoples Party as the political wing of the movement and became the national leader of the party on 30 March 2022.[38][39]

Ideology and public image[edit]

Kwankwaso's social stances have been described as far-right, while his economic stances are considered to be more left-wing.[40] This stance is often referred to as the Third Position.[41] He attributes the ideological roots of his leftist economic views to Aminu Kano, a prominent 20th-century socialist politician from Kano.[42][43]

Infrastructure and education[edit]

Kwankwaso's time in office was characterised with a number of notable achievements. During his first tenure in office as governor (1999 to 2003), he established the Kano University of Science and Technology in Wudil, the first and only state university in Kano at the time.[44] During his second tenure (2011 to 2015), Kwankwaso established the North West University, Kano, the second state University in Kano.[45] He also established 26 academic and manpower development training institutes and through these institutes over 360,000 youth and women were trained and empowered. He is the first governor in Nigeria to introduce free school feeding and uniforms for primary school pupils. This exponentially increased the school enrolment figures from 1 million in 2011 to over 3 million in 2015 when he left office.[46]

His passion for education saw to the introduction of free education at all levels in the state and saw to the adequate provision of teaching and learning materials. He established 230 secondary schools of which there are 47 technical colleges, 44 schools of Islamic studies, a Chinese college, a French college, and the first boarding girls' college as well as a boys' college in Damagaran and Niamey jointly with the Government of Niger Republic. In his four years as the governor of Kano State, he has awarded over 2,600 postgraduate and undergraduate foreign scholarships in 14 countries across the world. This is in addition to the local private university scholarship in Nigeria.[47][48]

In the area of infrastructure for the first time in the history of Northern Nigeria, three flyover bridges were constructed, 5 km dual-carriage lighted roads were being constructed in each of the 44 Local Government Areas of Kano, and two underpass bridges were constructed.[49][50] Kwankwaso also initiated the covering of drainages with interlocking tiles in the state, including the covering of the Jakara River which cuts across the city of Kano with a dualised road, which greatly improved the environmental and sanitary condition of the entire city of Kano.[51][52][53] Kwankwaso has also built many houses and estates in both his first and second tenure in office. Three modern cities, Kwankwasiyya, Amana and Bandirawo were built with about 3000 housing units of various capacities put up for sale to the general public. About 1500 houses have been constructed and donated free to rural poor communities and victims of flood disasters.[54][55]

Philanthropy[edit]

After leaving office as governor, Engr Kwankwaso launched the Kwankwasiyya Development Foundation (KDF), an initiative designed to help the people of Kano state and across Nigeria. Through the foundation, Kwankwaso supported many young people to further their education with continued financial assistance.[56] The first batch of 370 beneficiaries of the foundation's overseas scholarship returned to Nigeria in 2021 after successfully completing their degrees. Upon completion of their studies, many of the scholars secured jobs with various national and international organisations such as Dangote and Bua, which was facilitated through the Kwankwasiyya Development Foundation.[57][58][59][60][61][62]

When asked why he launched the foundation, Kwankwaso stated that the reason was simply to promote literacy and alleviate extreme poverty in Kano state and Nigeria at large. To support the foundation, Kwankwaso sold his property and donated the money to the foundation.[63][64]

Through the KDF, Kwankwaso also secured the release of 170 inmates in various prisons across Nigeria by paying their fines and providing transport to enable them to get to their destinations and reunite with their families.[65][66] Kwankwaso has also donated sports kits and cash worth over 150 million naira to amateur football clubs across states in Nigeria. This is part of his effort to support the growth and development of local sports in Nigeria, an area that provides young people with opportunities across the globe.[67][68] The foundation also donated cash and food items to the poor and needy, including widows, people with disabilities, and orphans, in an effort to alleviate poverty especially among women in Nigeria.[69][70]

On his 64th birthday in 2020, Kwankwaso inaugurated a 300-pupil capacity school which he built in Rano local government, Kano. The school is solar-powered and has a block housing six classrooms. The school was built through KDF in line with Kwankwaso's vision and mission to support education.[71][72][73][74][75]

Corruption[edit]

On 9 March 2004, the chief judge of Kano state swore in the six-member commission of inquiry which was headed by Hon. Justice Ahmed Badamasi as chairman to inquire into the activities of Kwankwaso. The commission commenced sitting on 19 March 2004 and made its report available and for the government to issue the white paper by November 2004, when he was indicted.[76][77]

In 2015, the Concerned Kano State Workers and Pensioners group filed a petition to the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission claiming that Kwankwaso had broken the Kano State Pension and Gratuity Law of 2007 right before leaving office earlier in 2015. According to the group, Kwankwaso had directed that pension remittances be used for housing development but supposedly intervened in a housing project to allocate houses to his associates. Ultimately, the housing allocations and alleged misappropriation of funds reached around 10 billion naira according to the Concerned Kano State Workers and Pensioners group.[78]

On 2 July 2015, Justice Mohammed Yahaya of the Kano High Court had restrained the EFCC from arresting or restraining Kwankwaso in its investigation for alleged misappropriation of N10 billion pension funds while serving as Kano State governor.[79] But two weeks later on 16 July 2015, the same judge in the Kano High Court voided his earlier order and granted the EFCC a judgement to enable the commission to investigate, arrest and prosecute Kwankwaso.[80] Justice Muhammed Yahaya also fined Kwankwaso N50,000 for "time-wasting."[citation needed]

Later in 2016, The EFCC denied and refuted claims of any pending corruption case and prosecution against Kwankwaso.[81][82][83] Kwankwaso himself has strongly denied and rejected any corruption allegations against him, describing it as mere political blackmail, mischievous and untrue which is sponsored by his enemies and political rivals to tarnish his image and reputation. Kwankwaso filed suit in court through his lawyer seeking compensation for tarnishing his image.[84][85][86][87]

In September 2021, the Premium Times found that the EFCC had invited Kwankwaso for questioning earlier that month on the alleged pension fund misappropriation from 2015; Kwankwaso initially ignored the commission before turning himself in on 16 October for questioning.[78][88] However, these are only mere speculations, as Kwankwaso has never been convicted or taken to court on corruption charges.[89] He voluntarily visited the EFCC in order to clarify some rumours that were spread by his political opponents. He was not arrested nor was he found guilty of the politically motivated allegations.[90][91]

During a speech he delivered at Chatham House in the UK, Kwankwaso publicly stated that he has been involved in politics for over 30 years and has never faced corruption charges.[92]

Presidential candidate[edit]

In 2014, Kwankwaso announced his intention to run for the position of President of Nigeria under the newly established opposition party, the APC party. He participated in the party's primary election in Lagos, where he came in second place after Gen. Muhammadu Buhari, who went on to win the 2015 general election and become the President of Nigeria.[93]

Following a disagreement with his former Deputy Governor, Abdullahi Ganduje, Kwankwaso left the APC and joined the PDP. In 2018, he contested in the PDP presidential primary election held in Port Harcourt and came in fourth place, while former Vice President of Nigeria, Atiku Abubakar, emerged as the winner. However, Atiku later lost in the 2019 general election.[94][95]

In 2022, Kwankwaso abandoned the PDP and joined the New Nigeria Peoples Party (NNPP). He contested and won the presidential primary held in Abuja later that year. During the 2023 Nigeria presidential election, Kwankwaso and his running mate, Bishop Isaac Idahosa, secured fourth place with nearly 1.5 million votes.[96][97] Prior to the general election, Kwankwaso was one of the candidates invited to the Royal Institute of International Affairs, Chatham House, UK, to discuss his vision for Nigeria.[98]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bisalla, Suleiman M. (11 January 2011). "Kwankwaso, Yuguda, Albishir win tickets". Daily Trust. Abuja: Media Trust Ltd. Retrieved 29 May 2011.
  2. ^ "47 days without ministers". daily trust.com. Retrieved 30 November 2021.
  3. ^ "Kwankwaso speaks on alleged involvement in defence contracts, says 'I resigned as minister in November 2006'". Daily Nigerian. 3 March 2020. Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  4. ^ Folorunsho-Francis (5 September 2023). "Just In: NNPP expels Kwankwaso over alleged anti-party activities". The Punch.
  5. ^ Reporter (6 March 2018). "Inside Sen. KWANKWASO's Powerful Political Machine •The Story of His KWANKWASSIYA Movement". City People Magazine. Retrieved 17 February 2020.
  6. ^ Nwafor (27 August 2022). "NNPP presidential Candidate, Kwankwaso unveils Party Secretariat in Borno". Vanguard News. Retrieved 3 October 2022.
  7. ^ "New Nigeria People's Party (NNPP) Archives". Tribune Online. Retrieved 3 October 2022.
  8. ^ Christopher (11 August 2022). "Biography of Rabiu Kwankwaso".
  9. ^ Maduwachi. "RABIU KWANKWASO BIOGRAPHY / PROFILE". Nigeria Infopedia. Retrieved 28 January 2019.
  10. ^ Admin. "RABIU KWANKWASO BIOGRAPHY / PROFILE". Manpower. Retrieved 28 January 2019.
  11. ^ Administrator (18 June 2014). "Indian varsity confers honorary degree on Kwankwaso". Blueprint Newspapers. Retrieved 3 October 2022.
  12. ^ Hanafi, Afeez (15 March 2022). "Kwankwaso bags PhD from Indian varsity". Daily Trust. Retrieved 3 October 2022.
  13. ^ "Why Kwankwaso will steer the nation's ship better in 2019". aljazirahnews. 16 June 2017. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
  14. ^ a b Mustapha, Jamil. Kwankwasiyya- Leadership with #purpose. Direct Contact Communications Limited. ISBN 9789331533.
  15. ^ Babangida, Mohammed (23 April 2022). "ANALYSIS: Can Kwankwaso's NNPP be Nigeria's third force in 2023?". Premium Times Nigeria. Retrieved 3 October 2022.
  16. ^ Online, Tribune (9 January 2022). "If 1995 constitutional conference reports had been signed into law, Nigeria won't be in current mess —Ofonagoro". Tribune Online. Retrieved 3 October 2022.
  17. ^ Admin. "KWANKWASIYYA IN NIGERIA'S POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT". Academia. Retrieved 27 January 2019.
  18. ^ Bankole, Idowu (29 August 2022). "Rabiu Musa Kwankwaso: 'We can make Nigeria better by blocking wastages'". Vanguard News. Retrieved 3 October 2022.
  19. ^ "I Have No Regret Supporting Ganduje To Be Governor, Says Kwankwaso". Channels Television. Retrieved 3 October 2022.
  20. ^ "Senator Rabiu Kwankwaso: Whining of a Rural Aristocrat". The Guardian Nigeria News - Nigeria and World News. 21 June 2015. Retrieved 3 July 2020.
  21. ^ "Nigeria election 2023: Who is Rabiu Kwankwaso of the NNPP?". BBC News. 3 February 2023. Retrieved 11 July 2023.
  22. ^ "2011 State Governorship Elections in Nigeria". africanelections.tripod.com. Retrieved 3 July 2020.
  23. ^ Staff, Daily Post (18 January 2014). "KNSG spends N2.8bn on foreign scholarship for 502 student". Daily Post Nigeria. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  24. ^ "G7 Governors: Hot and Cold". Vanguard News. 6 November 2013. Retrieved 3 July 2020.
  25. ^ "In Political Earthquake, 5 PDP Govs Defect to APC, Articles | THISDAY LIVE". 8 April 2015. Archived from the original on 8 April 2015. Retrieved 3 July 2020.
  26. ^ "CBN governor, Lamido Sanusi becomes "Dan-Majen Kano" | Premium Times Nigeria". 8 June 2012. Retrieved 1 July 2020.
  27. ^ THEWILL_ (10 June 2014). "The Intrigues And Politics of SLS's Emergence As Kano Emir, As Presidency Plots To Sack Him, Kwankwaso | THEWILL". Retrieved 3 July 2020.
  28. ^ Fawehinmi, Feyi (2 May 2016). "Guest Post 1: The Case AGAINST Sanusi Lamido Sanusi As Emir of Kano". Medium. Retrieved 3 July 2020.
  29. ^ vanguard (28 October 2014). "2015: Kwankwaso declares presidential bid". Vanguard News. Retrieved 3 October 2022.
  30. ^ Royal, David O. (29 August 2022). "Rabiu Musa Kwankwaso: 'We can make Nigeria better by blocking wastages'". Vanguard News. Retrieved 3 October 2022.
  31. ^ a b Haushi!, Bahaushe Mai Ban (8 June 2011). "Bahaushe Mai Ban Haushi!: The best revenge for Kwankwaso". Bahaushe Mai Ban Haushi!. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  32. ^ Awu, Jerry (18 February 2004). "Nigeria: Contingency Fund Fraud Ex-Kano Gov, Others to Refund N3b". Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  33. ^ "NDDC - Kwankwaso Resigns". Leadership. 12 June 2010.
  34. ^ "APC's Kwankwaso beats Lado wins Kano central senatorial seat". Premium Times. 30 March 2015.
  35. ^ "Update: Names of APC senators who defected to PDP - Vanguard News". Vanguard News. 24 July 2018. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  36. ^ Ibrahim, Yusha’u A.; Kano (21 January 2019). "Why Kwankwaso refused to seek Senate re-election". Daily Trust. Retrieved 17 February 2020.
  37. ^ "INEC declares Kano Governorship election inconclusive". Punch Newspapers. 12 March 2019. Retrieved 17 February 2020.
  38. ^ "Kwankwaso emerges NNPP national leader". Daily Trust. 30 March 2022. Retrieved 11 April 2022.
  39. ^ "We'll tackle insecurity, turn economy around- Kwankwaso". Punch Newspapers. 14 June 2022. Retrieved 14 June 2022.
  40. ^ AJLabs. "Nigeria presidential election results 2023 by the numbers". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 18 April 2023.
  41. ^ Berlet, Chip (19 December 2016). "What is the Third Position?". Political Research Associates. Retrieved 18 April 2023.
  42. ^ Tilde, Dr Aliyu U. (15 June 2012). "Interview (4): Kwankwaso". Discourse With Dr. Tilde. Retrieved 25 May 2024.
  43. ^ Nigeria, Guardian (3 November 2015). "'Our kwankwasiya ideology improved the lot of Kano indigenes'". The Guardian Nigeria News - Nigeria and World News. Retrieved 25 May 2024.
  44. ^ "BRIEF HISTORY OF KUST WUDIL".
  45. ^ "Yusuf Maitama Sule University, Kano - Nigeria". www.nwu.edu.ng. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  46. ^ "Gains of school feeding - Latest Nigeria News, Nigerian Newspapers, Politics". Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  47. ^ "Kano awards overseas scholarship to 300 students". P.M. News. 25 August 2013. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  48. ^ "Jonathan's FG cannot compete with Kano in awarding scholarship — Kwankwaso". Pulse Nigeria. 24 March 2015. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  49. ^ Kano, Nazifi Dawud Khalid (2 February 2015). "Kano's N5.9bn flyover is 'tourist site'". Daily Trust. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  50. ^ "Flyover Politics Grips Kano As Jonathan Names Flyover After Late Emir". Sahara Reporters. 21 March 2015. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  51. ^ "Kano Constructs Longest Fly-Over Bridges In W/Africa". 31 January 2014. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  52. ^ "Kwankwaso to Build Multi-Storey Park in Kano…Gets NSE Presidential Award". 11 December 2013. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  53. ^ Buari, Jasmine (4 February 2015). "Read What Obasanjo Has To Say About Presidential Election". Legit.ng - Nigeria news. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  54. ^ "Kano constructs one of the longest flyover bridges in W/Africa at N10b -". 11 December 2013. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  55. ^ Sani, Abubakar M. (27 July 2013). "Kano's role model on physical planning". Daily Trust. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  56. ^ III, Editorial (1 February 2020). "Kwankwasiyya Foundation offers Kano indigenes scholarships".
  57. ^ "Last batch of Kwankwasiyya scholarship beneficiaries depart to Dubai, Sudan today". 30 January 2020.
  58. ^ Adesina, Michael (24 September 2019). "Kwankwaso offers foreign scholarship to 242 First Class graduates". P.M. News.
  59. ^ "13 Kwankwaso scholarship beneficiaries get foreign employment". March 2021.
  60. ^ "Dangote, BUA to employ Kwankwaso foreign scholarship beneficiaries". Pulse Nigeria. 28 February 2021.
  61. ^ "Why we chose foreign varsities for our scholarship scheme – Kwankwasiyya". Daily Trust. 3 March 2021.
  62. ^ Nnamdi, Onyirioha (25 September 2019). "Kwankwaso's foundation offers foreign scholarships to 242 Kano students". Legit.ng - Nigeria news.
  63. ^ "I sold my properties to fund foreign scholarship trip of Kano students — Kwankwaso". 14 February 2021.
  64. ^ "I sold my property to give 370 Kano Indigenes scholarship, says Kwankwaso". 15 February 2021.
  65. ^ "Kwankwaso bails 170 prisoners in Kano". TheCable. 24 June 2016.
  66. ^ "Kwankwaso secures release of 170 prison inmates in Kano". Nigerian Voice.
  67. ^ "Kwankwasiyya Foundation Donates N150m Sports kits, Cash To Clubs". 19 August 2017.
  68. ^ "Kwankwaso donates N150m To 1000 Amateur Football Clubs". Latest Nigeria News, Nigerian Newspapers, Politics. 3 August 2017.
  69. ^ "Mass Weddings: Kwakwasiyya foundation supports 760 couples – African Newspage".
  70. ^ "Kwankwaso foundation donates food items to 760 couples in Kano". April 2017.
  71. ^ "Kwankwaso Celebrates 64th Birthday, Inaugurates Nomadic School". 21 October 2020.
  72. ^ "Kwankwaso celebrates 64th birthday with launch of nomadic school in Kano". 20 October 2020.
  73. ^ "Kwankwaso builds nomadic school to mark 64th birthday". Daily Trust. 20 October 2020.
  74. ^ "Kwankwaso celebrates birthday with commissioning of nomadic school". 21 October 2020.
  75. ^ "Kwankwaso launches new radio station in Kano". 25 October 2020.
  76. ^ "Kano guber: Kwankwaso faces legal battle | Ghanamma.com". www.ghanamma.com. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  77. ^ "EFCC Vs Kwankwaso". www.gamji.com. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  78. ^ a b Adebayo, Taiwo-Hassan. "Kwankwaso shuns EFCC investigation, risks arrest". Premium Times. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  79. ^ Akinloye, Dimeji. "Kwankwaso: Court stops EFCC from arresting ex-governor over N10bn embezzlement". Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  80. ^ "Court Dismisses Kwankwaso's Suit To Stop Arrest By EFCC - NewsRescue.com". newsrescue.com. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  81. ^ "EFCC denies any pending case against Kwankwaso, Orji". 20 October 2016. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  82. ^ "Kwankwaso Not On Probe EFCC". Tribune Online. 19 October 2016. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  83. ^ "Kwankwaso not under probe 'EFCC". Latest Nigerian News. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  84. ^ "Kwankwaso slams N10 billion suit on Kano pensioners | Premium Times Nigeria". 17 September 2015. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  85. ^ "EFCC not investigating me, says Kwankwaso - The Nation Nigeria". 3 March 2020. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  86. ^ "Kwankwaso Denies Being Investigated for Fraud". 4 March 2020. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  87. ^ "EFCC Not Investigating Me Says Kwankwaso". The Nigeria Lawyer. 3 March 2020. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  88. ^ "EFCC quizzes ex-Governor Rabiu Kwankwaso over alleged fraud". Premium Times. Retrieved 16 October 2021.
  89. ^ "Nigeria election 2023: Who is Rabiu Kwankwaso of the NNPP?". BBC News. 3 February 2023. Retrieved 29 March 2023.
  90. ^ "I visited EFCC office over frivolous petition, says Kwankwaso". Punch Newspapers. 18 October 2021. Retrieved 29 March 2023.
  91. ^ Usman, Mustapha (17 October 2021). "Kwankwaso clears air on alleged EFCC arrest". Daily Nigerian. Retrieved 29 March 2023.
  92. ^ "Nigeria's 2023 elections: Service delivery and policy alternatives". Chatham House – International Affairs Think Tank. Retrieved 29 March 2023.
  93. ^ "Nigerian ex-military ruler Buhari wins opposition presidential ticket". Reuters. 11 December 2014. Retrieved 29 March 2023.
  94. ^ "Atiku Abubakar wins PDP presidential primaries". The Guardian Nigeria News - Nigeria and World News. 7 October 2018. Retrieved 29 March 2023.
  95. ^ "Atiku emerges PDP presidential candidate". Punch Newspapers. 7 October 2018. Retrieved 29 March 2023.
  96. ^ Nwachukwu, John Owen (10 June 2022). "Nigeria's elections: Full list of all presidential candidates for 2023 presidency". Daily Post Nigeria. Retrieved 29 March 2023.
  97. ^ "Bola Tinubu wins Nigeria's presidential election against Atiku Abubakar and Peter Obi". BBC News. 1 March 2023. Retrieved 29 March 2023.
  98. ^ "Nigeria's 2023 elections: Service delivery and policy alternatives". Chatham House – International Affairs Think Tank. Retrieved 29 March 2023.

External links[edit]